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Everett Thompson History Final Project part 1

  • Jan 1, 1400

    Early European Explorers

    Early European Explorers
    The Europeans started to try to find a water route to Asia. With the invention of the caravel, sailing became much easier. Bartholomeu Dias was the first to reach the southern tip of Africa. Vasco da Gama followed Dias' route and continued to India.
  • Oct 13, 1492

    Columbus Discovers America

    Columbus Discovers America
    On this day a lookout on the Pinta spotted land. Columbus would later claim that he was the first to see land. He landed and named the island San Salvador. The natives that he encountered were friendly.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Chapter 1 Three Worlds Meet

    Chapter 1 Three Worlds Meet
    The Native Americans had spread all over North America and divided into hundreds of tribes. They adapted to their varied environments, hunting the local animals and gathering wild plants. They also built homes using any available materials. The environment also modified their religion.
  • Jul 1, 1532

    The Start of the Conquest of the Incan Empire

    The Start of the Conquest of the Incan Empire
    In 1532 Francisco Pizarro came to Peru. In the Battle of Cajamarca, Pizarro defeated Atahualpa and took him prisoner. He asked for a room full of gold for a ransom. He recieved his ransom, but asked for more. He eventually executed Atahualpa. With Atahualpa's death, the Incan Empire crumbled.
  • The Defeat of the Spanish Armada

    The Defeat of the Spanish Armada
    At the small port of Gravelines, The British fleet attacked the larger Spanish Armada. The British defeated the Armada by dancing in and out of range with their small, nimble flyboats. There was great loss of life on both sides.
  • The Origins of American Slavery

    The Origins of American Slavery
    By the 1600s slavery was common in the Americas. Most masters were cruel to their slaves, but some were nice. Slaves were first brought to the West Indies to work on the sugar plantations. Slavery continued to grow through out early colonial history.
  • Jamestown is Founded

    Jamestown is Founded
    Jamestown was founded on this date on the mouth of the James River. By January 1608 only 38 colonists were alive. John Smith arrived later that year. He made a famous line. "He who does not work shall not eat".
  • Henry Hudson Sails from Europe

    Henry Hudson Sails from Europe
    On this date he sailed from Amsterdam for America. He arrived on the coast of present-day New York and sailed up the Hudson River. He lead another expedition in 1610 to Canada. He wintered in Hudson Bay and his crew rebelled. They put Hudson, his son, and some loyal crew in a boat san set them adrift. They were never heard from again.
  • Arrival of Mayflower in America

    Arrival of Mayflower in America
    On this date the Mayflower arrived in Plymouth Harbor. The men realized that the charter didn't apply to their location. They then made the Mayflower Charter which were laws for the good of the colony. The Pilgrims had to endure a harsh winter in which half of the people died.
  • Bacon's Rebellion

    Bacon's Rebellion
    On this date Nathaniel Bacon released the Declaration of the People of Virginia. In this he insulted Berkely. Bacon marched on Jamestown and burned the House of Burgesses. Bacon died of dysentry soon after.
  • The Salem Witchcraft Trials

    The Salem Witchcraft Trials
    The Salem witchcraft trials were a series of trials in which many were accused of witchcraft. The accused were often forced to accuse others to save themselves. Over 100 people were imprisoned. 20 people were executed.
  • The Spanish in the Americas

    The Spanish in the Americas
    By this date the Spanish controlled most of the Americas. They devided South America into two viceroyalties. Each was ruled by a viceroy. The Spanish dominated over the Native Americans. They forced them to be slaves.
  • The Enlightenment

    The Enlightenment
    The Enlightenment was a period that stressed reason and science. Benjamin Franklin was one of the biggest figures in the Enlightenment. This movement appealed mostly to the wealthy people of the colonies. Many important inventions were invented in the Enlightenment period.
  • The Great Awakening

    The Great Awakening
    The Great Awakening was a religious movement across the colonies. In it ministers preached that inner religious emotion was more important than outward religious behavior. It lasted for years and changed colonial culture.The churches swelled as a result.
  • Start of the French and Indian War

    Start of the French and Indian War
    The French and Indian War was a nine year war between the French and their Native American allies and the British.
  • The Treaty of Paris

    The Treaty of Paris
    On this date the first Treaty of Paris was signed. This treaty ended the French and Indian War. It gave Britain all of North America east of the Mississippi River. The treaty ended France's power in North America.
  • The Sugar Act

    The Sugar Act
    This act made a tax on many common products including sugar. It also made harsh punishments for smuggling. The colonial merchants, who traded in smuggled goods, were very angry. Other colonists protested this tax.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    On this date the British Parliament passed the stamp act. This act said that all documents or paper products required a official stamp showing that the tax had been paid. Even worse, the tax had to be paid with a silver coin which was very scarce in the colonies. Many colonists protested.
  • Creating An Army

    Creating An Army
    In June of 1775, George Washington became commander of the Continental Army. He faced many hardships in the beginning, most of them related to supplies. Congress was mostly useless about supplies. Many women helped out the army any way they could.
  • Help From Europe

    Help From Europe
    In 1776 France began giving aid to the Americans. They sent supplies, troops, and training. In 1779, France convinced Spain to give help to the Americans. The Spanish in Florida attacked British strongholds.
  • The End of the War

    The End of the War
    On this date Lord Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown. This defeat was the end of the Revolutionary War. America made several treaties with France, Spain, and Britain. The one with Britain was the second Treaty of Paris.