WWII Timeline

By zhaocl
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    Benito Mussolini (ID)

    doesn't fit here; please refer to written copy. thanks.
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    Hideki Tojo

    (added military leader)
    General Tojo was the one that launched the attack on Pearl Harbor. This was when Japanese aircrafts bombed the American Fleet at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii that killed many people and destroyed battleships and aircrafts. He was also the general when the Japanese suffered the setback at the Battle of the Coral Sea.
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    Adolf Hitler (ID)

    doesn't fit here; please refer to written copy. thanks.
  • Italian Invasion on Ethiopia

    Italian Invasion on Ethiopia
    1935-1936
    This is one of the many examples of aggressors taking advantage of the powerlessness of the League of Nations. Aggressor Benito Mussolini decides to take revenge from Italy’s defeat by Ethiopians at Battle of Adowa in 1896 and invades Ethiopia. Mussolini with his new technological weapons easily defeats Ethiopia. The League of Nations had no power to enforce sanctions; or penalties onto Italy so Mussolini got away with it.
  • Formation of Rome/Berlin/Tokyo Axis

    Formation of Rome/Berlin/Tokyo Axis
    1936-1945
    Germany, Italy, and Japan formed the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis known as the axis powers. The three nations agreed to come together to fight Soviet communism. They agreed to not get in each other’s way and plans of territorial expansion as well.
  • Occupation of the Rhineland

    Occupation of the Rhineland
    Paragraph is too long; look on written paper.
  • The Spanish Civil War

    The Spanish Civil War
    7/17/1936-4/1/1939
    paragraph is too long; look on written paper.
  • Air Raid on Guernica (ID)

    Air Raid on Guernica (ID)
    paragraph is too long; look on other paper.
  • The Anschluss

    The Anschluss
    Hitler wanted to create a union between Austria and Germany however failed to when Austria’s chancellor refused to form this union. Hitler sent in his German army because they refused and played a new role as the ruler of Austria. This act violated the Versailles treaty as well.
  • Annexation of Czechoslovakia

    Annexation of Czechoslovakia
    German aggression soon made its way to Czechoslovakia when Hitler insisted the 3 million Germans in Sudetenland be given autonomy. Britain and France didn’t take action because the feared war. This fear of war fueled Hitler in thinking that he could get away with anything.
  • Munich Conference

    Munich Conference
    9/28/1938-9/29/1938
    At this brief conference. Britain and French leaders agreed to follow Hitler’s demands and then persuaded Czechs to surrender to Sudetenland without a fight. As a reward, Hitler promised Britain and France that he would no longer pursue territorial expansion.
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    Francisco Franco

    Franco led the fascists and supporters of right-wing policies known as nationalists during the Spanish Civil war against supporters of the republic. He won the war and when he was in power he created a fascist dictatorship similar to the dictatorships like Hitler and Mussolini.
  • Nazi-Soviet Pact

    Nazi-Soviet Pact
    Hitler and Stalin created a Nazi-Soviet Pact to peaceful relations. They agreed not to fight and to divide up Poland and other parts of Europe. This pact wasn’t based on friendship but rather both sides having something to fear from the other. Hitler feared communism while Stalin feared fascism. These enemies however still had mutual suspicions of each other while under this pact that kept them apart.
  • Invasion of Poland

    Invasion of Poland
    bolded words; look on written copy.
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    Neville Chamberlain

    He was the British Prime Minister that told people that he had achieved “peace for their time” and that he has “saved Czechoslovakia from destruction” when he was returning from the Munich Conference.
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    Winston Churchill

    Churchill replaced Neville Chamberlain as prime minister of Britain. When Germany invaded Poland, Churchill of Britain declared war on Germany because Hitler broke his promise on not further pursuing expansion. He later became the Prime Minister of England.
  • Fall of France

    Fall of France
    German forces were planning to attack France while Italy had just declared war on France. This double attack from both sides caused France to surrender. Hitler forced the French to sign surrender documents. Germany soon occupied northern France as a result of the signed surrender documents.
  • Formation of Vichy France

    Formation of Vichy France
    A result of the fall of France, the Germans took over northern France. Hitler soon took over south of France and set up a “puppet state” with its capital at Vichy.
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    7/10/1940-10/31/1940
    bolded words; look on written copy.
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    Josef Stalin

    Stalin might have been one of Hitler’s worst enemies but he was also just a cruel as a leader. Stalin was a soviet dictator that was once allied with Hitler based on mutual need. Mutual suspicions kept them and their promises apart because they both felt as a threat to each other. Hitler tried to attack Stalin’s resource rich city of Stalingrad, however failed to when the winter came and the Germans ran out of food and ammunition. Their fiery hate toward each other was never settled.
  • Operation Barbarossa

    Operation Barbarossa
    Hitler broke the Nazi-Soviet pact by invading the Soviet Union in this operation. He wanted many of the resources the land had to offer and also crush communism in Europe and his enemy Stalin. German forces caught Soviet Union unready and ended up wiping out many of them. However when winter came, many Germans soon froze to death.
  • Formation of the "Free French"

    Formation of the "Free French"
    Some of the French officers escaped England and set up a government-in-exile. Charles DeGaulle led these “free French” to try to liberate their homeland by fighting the Germans with guerrilla tactics.
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor (ID)

    Attack on Pearl Harbor (ID)
    doesn't fit here; look on written copy,
  • The Holocaust (ID)

    The Holocaust (ID)
    12/8/1941-5/9/1945
    doesn't fit here; look on written copy.
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    6/4/1942-6/7/1942
    bolded words; look on written copy.
  • El Alamein

    El Alamein
    7/1/1942-7/27/1942
    El Alamein was a fierce battle in North Africa led by General Bernard Montgomery against Rommel that caused the allies to halt the Desert Fox’s advance.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    7/17/1942-2/2/1943
    Hitler launched a new offensive to invade the resource rich lands that his enemy Stalin owned named Stalingrad. Stalin was very eager to make sure Hitler doesn’t get this land so many long battles were fought that caused many loses. When the winter came, the German army was left without food and ammunition and surrendered. Later the Red Army drove the Germans out of the Soviet Union entirely. Hitler’s plan had failed and he had also suffered a great loss from this failure.
  • D-Day

    D-Day
    This was the day when the Allies invaded France by dropping paratroopers behind enemy lines at midnight. At dawn, ships brought Allied troops across the English Channel and they fought their way through underwater mines and machine guns. French resistance soon fired up and was just too much for the Germans to handle, so they retreated. A month later, all of France was finally free.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    12/16/1944-1/25/1945
    The Allies soon went to attack Germany which created the Battle of the Bulge. Both sides couldn’t break through and has also suffered terrible loses. The battle however did slow the advance of the Allies. At this battle, you can see Hitler starting to break down. He was slowly losing support of his people defeat after defeat and one of the senior officers of his own German military tried to assassinate Hitler.
  • Iwo Jima (ID)

    Iwo Jima (ID)
    2/19/1945-3/26/1945
    doesn't fit here; refer to written copy,
  • V-E Day

    V-E Day
    This was the day that signified the victory in Europe. Death of Mussolini, Hitler, and the surrendering of Germany led the war in Europe to officially end which was on V-E Day.
  • Decision to use Atomic Weapons (ID)

    Decision to use Atomic Weapons (ID)
    doesn't fit here; refer to written copy please.
  • V-J Day

    V-J Day
    This was the day where the Japanese surrendered and formally signed the peace treaty aboard the American battleship the Missouri on the Tokyo bay. Also known as Victory over Japan day.
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    Charles DeGaulle

    Charles DeGaulle was the leader of the “free French” that worked to liberate their homeland after Nazi Germany had taken over. He controlled resistance fighters that used guerilla tactics against German Forces and was their leader in creating the government-in-exile of the “free French”.