Lenin died some thought Trotsky would take over leadership. However, Stalin scemed his way into power usinf ruthless political moves and his position as General Secretary.
World War II Timeline
Mussolini takes power in Italy
Mussolini takes control over Italy and of democratic government and in 1925 made himself dictator of Italy.
The US stock market crash
Commonly called Black Tuesday is when the stock market crashed and singled a depression that lasted till 1941.
Japan invades Manchuria
Manchuria was invaded by the Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan. Manchuria was under Japans control until the end of WWII.
FDR is elected president
A democratic president that was elected in the era of The Great depression. FDR was president for his first four terms.
Hitler is named the chancellor of Germany
President Paul von Hindenburg names Adolf Hitler, leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (or Nazi Party), as chancellor of Germany.
The U.S. passes the Neutrality Act
Passed after Italy invaded Ethiopia. An act that restricted trading arms and war materials with all parties in a war. It also declared that American citizens traveling on warring ships traveled at their own risk.
Italy invades Ethiopia
Mussolini following Hitler’s policies and expand Germany invades Ethiopia and controls Ethiopia till the end of WWII.
Germany remilitarizes the Rhineland
Adolf Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Pact by sending German military forces into the Rhineland, a demilitarized zone along the Rhine River in western Germany.
Civil War erupts in Spain
Started with a military uprising in Morocco which was activated by events in Madrid. Within days, Spain was divided in two: a "Republican" or "Loyalist" Spain.
Political union of Austria with Germany achieved through annexation by Adolf Hitler.
The Munich Conference
In the late 30's a crisis devloped in Europe. Hitler had annexed Austria the year before. However, he also wanted to take the "Sudetenland" and make that a part of Germany territory. Hitler claimed that the German speaking inhabitants of this land were being mistreated by the Czech. In 1938 the Munich Conference was called. Hitler met with France,Italy, and the United Kingdom.
Germany occupies the Sudetenland
Germany takes the Sudetenland because it is extrmely valuable. It contained all of Czechoslovakia's defenses. A mountainous region in Czech. Germany wanted the Sudetenland, because it easy to conquer the remainder of the country.
Commonly known as “The Night of Broken Glass” series of attacks against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and parts of Austria.
"The Phony War"
Little fighting between Germany and the Allies. Period known as the phony war. During these months Hitler plans an attack west and lainch an attack agaisnt Scandinavia.
The Nazi Soviet Pact
Pact signed in 1939 by Germany and the Soviet Union that allowed a one-front war when Germany started World War II.
Germany Invades Poland
Germany invaded Poland and invaded Poland by using the "blitzkreig" strategy. This allowed Germany to extensively bomb Poland, destroy railroads, communication lines, and do this with lots of troops, tanks, and artillery.
Churchill is elected Prime Minister
May 10, 1940 Winston Churchill became Prime Minister and during the war he qs a prominent figure with the British.
Miracle at Dunkirk
Germany had trapped many British and French troops on the beaches of Dunkirk. The troops found ways across the English channel to safely escape from the Germans. Thus calling it "The Miracle at Dunkirk".
Hitler unleashes his blitzkrieg invasion of the Low Countries and France with a fury on May 10, 1940. Within three weeks, a large part of French defenders, is pushed to the English Channel and compelled to abandon the continent at Dunkirk.
The Battle of Britain
British Royal Air Force fights a against the Nazi Germany Air Force for control of British air space to prevent a Nazi invasion of Britain.
Japan seizes French Indo-China
This attack was prevent China from importing arms and fuel through French Indochina.
The Lend Lease Act
An act that set up a system that would allow the United States to lend or lease war supplies to any nation deemed "vital to the defense of the United States".
The Atlantic Charter was a statement first issued in 1941 early during World War II that defined the allied goals for the post-war world.
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor
Japanese fighter planes attack the American base at Pearl Harbor destroying U.S. aircraft and naval vessels and killing many U.S service man and civilians.