WWII and Cold War

  • Japan Invades China

    After the Mukden Incident, the Japanese had a "reason" to invade Manchuria and seize control in that area.
  • Germany Invades Poland

    Germany Invades Poland
    Using the Blitzkrieg(lightning) strategy, Germany attacked Poland from air and land to control and racially cleanse the territory.
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    Great Britain defended against the Germans' air raids from July to September in 1940.
  • Tripartite Pact

    Tripartite Pact
    This agreement between Germany, Italy, and Japan serves as the formation of the Axis Powers.
  • Lend-Lease Act

    Lend-Lease Act
    Proposed in late 1940, this was the means by which th eUnited States aided the Allied forces before its complete involvement in WWII. War and food materials, with othe raw materials, were given to these forces.
  • German Blitzkrieg on USSR

    German Blitzkrieg on USSR
    Hitler used the lightning war tactics against the Soviet Union, which was only partially successful up until the Russian forces and the coming of winter pushed out the Germans.
  • Germany Takes Leningrad

    Germany Takes Leningrad
    The only successful part of the failure that was the German Blitzkrieg on the USSR was the capture of Leningrad in Operation Barbarossa.
  • Bombing of Pearl Harbor

    Bombing of Pearl Harbor
    Japanese planes attacked an American naval base in Hawaii, sinking numerous ships and planes and killing over 2,000 people and harming another 1,000. This sparked America's entrance into WWII.
  • Wannsee Conference

    Wannsee Conference
    Nazi officials met to plan the "final solution" to the "Jewish question", deciding on their total eradication through the use of concentration camps.
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    This battle turned the tables in the Pacific theater warfare with the Allies on the offense.
  • D-Day

    D-Day
    American, Canadian, and British forces invaded Nazi-occupied France on the coastal, Normandy region as to liberate France and end German control.
  • Iwo Jima and Okinawa

    Iwo Jima and Okinawa
    These brutally savage battles between the US and Japanese forces marked the last before the Japanese surrender and VJ Day.
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    A major WWII conference among Allied states, the three main leaders met in Yalta in Crimea as to decide on how to defeat the Nazis and what to do with Germany afterwards.
  • Hitler's Suicide

    Hitler's Suicide
    Upon learning that the USSR would soon overtake the chancellery, Adolph hitler and his wife of two days tested cyanide capsules on his dog and her pups before taking them themselves. Hitler also shot himself with his service pistol.
  • VE Day

    VE Day
    Victory in Europe Day marks the end of WWII within the European continent with the end of Nazi rule.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    At he last meeting of the main three Allied forces, Churchill, Stalin, and Truman decided on unconditional surrender form the Japanese was the best option, as well as various agreements on postwar Europe. July 17-August 2
  • Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    These two Japanese cities, Hiroshima(August 6) and Nagasaki(August 9), were bombed by American forces with a new weapon designed to compleetly end the war.
  • VJ Day

    VJ Day
    Victory in Japan Day celebrates the end of Japanese involvement in WWII, and thus the end of the entire war, after the atomic bombings and more war declarations. The fifteenth is also celebrated, as is September 2, when the surrender was formalized.
  • The Creation of the United Nations

    The Creation of the United Nations
    Thia international organization was created to replace the League of Nations and to maintain peace in the postwar world.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    US President Truman called for US economic and military assistance for Turkey and Greece because Britain could no longer offer such help. This has been identified as the beginning of the Cold War.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    Channelling over thirteen billion dollars into Europe, this plan was in effect from 1948 until 1951 to recover European economies , named for and announced by Secretary of State George C. Marshall.
  • NATO

    NATO
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was established as a military alliance in opposition to the USSR's agression, with the original members including the US, Belgium, Iceland, Britain, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Canada, France, Norway, Portugal, Denmark, and Italy.
  • Mao Zedong in China

    Mao Zedong in China
    The People's Republic of China was proclaimed on this date by Mao Zedong, the chairman of the Chinese Communist Party, with Soviet socialism in mind for the influence of the state.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    The bulk of this war consisted of US forces aiding South Korea and China aiding North Korea as the unstable politics pushed the border between the two along the thirty-eighth parallel, ending in the encouraged policy of the globalization of containment.
  • Stalin's Death and the Rise of Khrushchev

    Stalin's Death and the Rise of Khrushchev
    Joseph Stalin died on March 5 from a heart attack, leaving a power vacuum in the USSR. A power struggle ensued bewteen the heir, Malenkov, and Khrushchev, who began his ascent to power at this time.
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
    This long conflict was between communist North Vietnam and South Vietnam(heavily supported by the US) to end in the unification and the creation of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in 1976(a year after the war's end).
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    As a treaty bewteen the USSR, Bulgaria, Albania, Hungary, Poland, Romania, East Germany, and Czechoslovakia, this pact was to ensure Soviet military units being maintained to unify the military command in these countries.
  • Sputnik

    Sputnik
    A series of the first artificial Earth satellites were released by the USSR; the first, Sputnik 1, was released on this date.
  • Bay of Pigs

    Bay of Pigs
    Cuban refugees, financed and trained by the CIA, arrive in Cuba to destroy Fidel Castro's communist rule. The entirety of the mission failed.
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    This wall was meant to separate East and West Berlin to keep the influences, US versus Soviet, divided during the Cold War. It was taken down on November 9, 1989.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    This was a military political standoff between the US and Soviet forces in Cuba, who had placed nuclear missiles there, that was resolved after thirteen days.
  • Gorbachev

    Gorbachev
    Mikhail Gorbachev was the president of the USSR and his goals were to decentralize Soviet economy and democratize Soviet politics. These actions led to the downfall of the USSR.
  • USSR Falls

    USSR Falls
    The end of this state was marked by the resignation of the current president, Gorbachev, from office upon the news of the dissolution of states by claim of independence a few days before.