Ww2 iwo jima flag raising

WWII and Post War Tensions

  • Bolsheviks

    The Bolsheviks were a part of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. They ultimately became the communist party of the Soviet Union. The Bolsheviks came to power during the Russian Revolution of 1917.
    This shows Bolsheviks marching carrying banners that say, "All Power to the Soviets, Long Live the Revolution!"
  • Benito Mussolini

    Benito Mussolini
    Benito Mussolini was the founder of the Fascist party and the leader of Italy from 1922-1943. He allied Italy with the Nazi Party during World War II. Mussolini began the Fascist party in 1919 creating what was called the “Black Shirts” who terrorised other political opponents. In 1943, Allied troops landed in Italy and overthrew Mussolini. He was imprisoned and on April 28, 1945 he was shot and killed by civilians.
    This is The Doctrine of Fascism written by Benito Mussolini in 1932.
  • Adolf Hitler

    Adolf Hitler
    Adolf Hitler was the dictator of the Nazi Party. Hitler was at the center of Germany, World War II, and the Holocaust. Hitler’s racial ideologies resulted in the systematic murder of 11 million people, including 6 million Jews.
    This shows bodyguards marching past Hitler in Berlin during 1937.
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt
    Franklin D. Roosevelt was the 32nd president of the United States. He was president during the Great Depression and helped the American people regain hope in themselves and their country.
    This is FDR signing a document declaring war with Japan, December 8, 1941.
  • General Douglas MacArthur

    General Douglas MacArthur
    American general and field marshal of the Philippine Army who was Chief of Staff of the United States Army. Played a proinent role in the Pacific theater during World War II. Recieved the Medal of Honor for his service in the Philippines.
  • Hideki Tojo

    Hideki Tojo
    Lieutenant general in the imperial Japanese army. Became prime minister in 1941. Directly responsible for the attack on Pearl Harbor.
  • Atlantic Charter

    Atlantic Charter
    The Atlantic Charter was a joint declaration released by U.S. President Franklin. D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill on August 14, 1941.The Atlantic Chart provided a broad statement of U.S. and British war aims.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    On the morning of December 7, 1941, Japanese fighter planes attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor near Honolulu, Hawaii. Nearly 20 American naval vessels and almost 200 airplanes were destroyed. Over 2,000 american soldiers and sailors died during the take and many more were wounded. Which made america declare war on Japan.
  • Korematsu v. United States

    Korematsu v. United States
    February 19, 1942 President Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive order 9066, granting the U.S. military the power to ban thousands of American citizens of Japanese ancestry from areas deemed critical to domestic security.
  • Japanese American Internment

    Japanese American Internment
    President Franklin D. Roosevelt authorized the incarceration of over 110,000 Japanese Americans after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. These people were ordered to leave their homes and be scattered into 10 relocation camps. Two-thirds of these people were native born Americans. The last of these camps were closed 5 months after the end of World War II.
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    The Yalta Conference took place in a Russian resort in the Crimea from February 4-11, 1945. Where President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin made important decisions regarding the future progress of the war and the postwar world.
  • Harry S. Truman

    Harry S. Truman
    33rd President of the United States. Became preseident after Roosevelt died. When the Russians blockaded the western sectors of Berlin, Truman created a massive airlift to supply Berliners until the Russians backed down. He was negotiating a military alliance to protect Western nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, established in 1949.
  • Unites Nations

    Unites Nations
    The League of Nations failed to prevent World War II. The United Nations was established to replace the League of Nations in 1945. Franklin D. Roosevelt first coined the term of the United Nations as a term to describe the Allied countries. World’s largest and most prominent international organization. They aimed to help international law, international, security, economic development, social progress, human rights, civil rights, civil, liberties, political freedoms, democracy, and world peace.
  • Atomic Bomb

    Atomic Bomb
    The Atomic Bomb, a truley devastating weapon that ultimatley won us the war against Japan and took the world into a new age, the Age of Atomic Energy. Trinity was the first atomic explosive device created and detonated. This bomb was tested out in the Alamogordo Test Range in New Mexico. The picture here is the explosion of the Trinity device. Only taken a couple mere milliseconds after the detonation, it shows the awesome power the use of atomic energy could provide.
  • Los Alamos and Atomic Bomb

    Los Alamos and Atomic Bomb
    Los Alamos Laboratory also known as Project Y. During World War II Project Y was conceived, the United States wanted to build an atomic explosive to counter the threat from the German nuclear development program.
  • Potsdam

    Was held at Cecilienhof from July 17 to August 2, 1945. 3 Governments attended this conference: Soviet Union, United Kingdom and the United States.
  • Hiroshima/ Nagasaki

    Hiroshima/ Nagasaki
    At 2: 45 a.m. on Monday August 6, 1945 a United States B-29 bomber known as Enola Gay dropped a massive atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. The atomic bomb was equivalent of 20,000 tons of TNT. The bomb killed tens of thousands of civilians and destroyed the landscape and any city within the island.
  • Manhattan Project

    Manhattan Project
    The Manhattan Project was the result of collaboration between some of the smartest minds to utilize atomic energy in the form of weapons. The results were the Atomic Bombs used in WWII against Japan. This picture is of Oppenheimer and Groves inspecting the Trinity Test Tower in the first atomic device experiment.
  • Loyalty Board

    Loyalty Board
    The Loyalty Program enacted by President Truman was a attempt to fight communism by investigating federal employees. The Loyalty Board investigated these employees on if they were loyal enough and if they were following communist ideals. This picture is of the Loyalty Board investigating a federal employee.
  • Taft Hartley Act

    Taft Hartley Act
    The Labor Management Relations Act, 1947, better known as the Taft–Hartley Act, (enacted June 23, 1947) is a United States federal law that restricts the activities and power of labor unions. The act, still effective, was sponsored by Senator Robert Taft and Representative Fred A. Hartley, Jr. and became law by overcoming U.S. President Harry S. Truman's veto on June 23, 1947; labor leaders called it the "slave-labor bill" while President Truman argued that it was a "dangerous intrusion."
  • Containment Policy

    Containment Policy
    The Containment Policy was a foreign policy strategy followed by the United States during the Cold War First used by George F. Kennan in 1947.
  • Alger Hiss

    Alger Hiss
    Alger Hiss was a lawyer who was involved with the creation and establishment of the United Nations. Hiss was later accused of being a Soviet spy and his trial is one of the most incredibly renowned in history.
    This shows Alger Hiss is testifying before the House Committee on Un-American Activities in 1948.
  • Berlin Blockade and Airlift

    Berlin Blockade and Airlift
    The Berlin Blockade and the resulting airlift was a critcal moment in the Cold War. It lasted from June 21, 1948 to May 11, 1949. The USSR put a blockade on Berlin, effectivley cutting the West from accessing Berlin. The Soviets were attempting to take out all western influence to the former capital of Germany. The United States sent aid to Berlin in form of food and other neccesities by way of planes. This picture is of a recent landing and unloading of food aid.
  • Fair Deal

    Fair Deal
    The Fair Deal was the term given to an ambitious set of proposals put forward by United States President Harry S. Truman to the United States Congress in January 1949.
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    Was formed as a measure
    to protect its members against aggression from the Soviet Union or its satellite nations.
  • Mutually Assured Destruction

    Mutually Assured Destruction
    Mutually Assured Destruction (M.A.D.) is a horrifying concept. During the Cold War, both the United States and the Soviet Union had the resources and ability to wipe out eachother in an instant through the use of nuclear arms. When the concept truly meant something was when Russia tested it's first nuclear bomb called First Lightning. This meant that they also had the ability to do great damage upon us.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    On June 25, 1950, the Korean War began when about 75,000 soldiers from the North Korean Army crossed the boundary between the Soviet-backed Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the north and the pro-Western Republic of Korea to the south. American troops were involved in the war backing up South Korea. In July 1953 the Korean War came to an end. This document is out of President Truman's files stating what he thinks the "Truth About Korea" is.
  • Ethel and Julius Rosenberg

    Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
    Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were American citizens accused of giving the Soviet Union information about the atomic bomb. Their case was the only case in the history of the United States in which those convicted of espionage were executed as a result. The two were convicted on March 29, 1951 and were sentenced to death on April 5.
    This is people at the Rosenberg trial, 1953.
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower

    Dwight D. Eisenhower
    Dwight D. Eisenhower was the 34th president of the United States. Entered the presidential race as a Republican and won by a landslide. One of Eisenhower’s accomplishments was signing the bill that authorized the Interstate Highway System in 1956. He created a truce between the U.S. and Korea and worked throughout his two terms to ease the tensions of the Cold War. His presidency brought about safety to the United States.
    This is Eisenhower's farewell address.
  • Domino Theory

    Domino Theory
    The Domino Theory was prevalent during the height in the war against Communism. This Theory stated that if communism apread to another country, it would then spread to even more, then even more until almost every country is under communism. This cartoon illustrates how one small country can fall and will lead to even larger and larger countries falling until it comes to us.
  • Army-McCarthy Hearings

    Army-McCarthy Hearings
    The Army-McCarthy Hearings was an investigation on U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy on the infiltration of communism into the American Goverment. The hearings showed the dangers of anti-communism presented in America. Joseph McCarthy was cleared of accusations but still relieved of his position.
  • Joseph McCarthy

    Joseph McCarthy
    Republican senator from Wisconsin. After serving in WWII, he was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1946 in a wave of postwar patriotism. In 1953, he helped the Republican Party reclaim both Congress and the presidency.
  • Sputnik

    Sputnik was the world’s first artificial satellite. On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched it into space. The satellite was about the size of the beach ball and took 98 minutes to orbit the earth. Although Sputnik was a single event, it started what is known as the space age. This also marked the start of the space race between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.
    This is a picture of a full size model of the Sputnik satellite.
  • NASA

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration. America’s space program. Development of rocket propulsion, Earth satellites, and the manned spaceflight program. Neil Armstrong was the first man to land on the moon on the Apollo mission.
  • Nikita Khrushchev

    Nikita Khrushchev
    Led the Soviet Union during the Cold War and made important symbolic revisions to Soviet foreign policy, including the escalation of nuclear weapons development.
  • Military Industrial Complex

    Military Industrial Complex
    In President Eisenhower's farewell address he focused on the dangers of the Military Industrial Complex. The Military Industrial Complex is a theory that corporations want war in order to make tons of profit. And Eisenhower saw the United States heading towards that. This picture is of the first page of his farewell adress.
  • Cold War

    Cold War
    The Cold started sometime after WWII and lasted all the way up to 1991. It was an arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union. The two nations were trying to out compete eachother and get the bigger and better weapon. One of the high points of the Cold War was the Cuban Missile Crisis which occured on October 22, 1962. The event was when Russia was storing missiles in Cuba. This picture is a picture JFK delivering news about the Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    After Germany was defeated in WWII, Berlin was divided into British, French, and American and Soviet occupation zones. Berlin was located deep within the Soviet zone, but it was divided into four quadrants.