World War II and Early Cold War Timeline

  • Japan’s invasion of China

    Japan’s  invasion of China
    Japan-China War started in July 1937.
    Japan took over Shanghai, Nanjing, and Chiang Kai-shek’s in Dec 1937.
    Took the strategically land and took over Manchuria.
  • Germany invades Poland

    Germany invades Poland
    Germany forms a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union, so Germany invasion of Poland will be accomplish without the fear of Soviet intervention. Poland falls to Germany in 1939.
  • Lend –Lease Act

    Lend –Lease Act
    United States aided its World War II allies with war materials. President Franklin D. Roosevelt had committed the United States to materially aiding the opponents of fascism.
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    German try to invade Great Britain with the German Air Force (Luftwaffe)
    Great Britain successfully defend the German invasion with their Royal Air Force(RAF)
    German decided not to bother the Britain.
  • Tripartite Pact

    Tripartite Pact
    Alliance of the Axis Powers signed by all three powers. German, Italy, and the Japanese. They are against communism and against the Soviet Union.
  • Germany takes Leningrad

    Germany takes Leningrad
    Hitler ordered a full scale of force to invade Soviet Union and got Hungary, Finland, and Romania to declare war on Soviet Union. Germany victory was certain on the siege of Leningrad.
  • German Blitzkrieg on Soviet Union

    German Blitzkrieg on Soviet Union
    Germany caught the Russian off guard at Leningrad and it had come under siege. Later move toward the capital in Moscow, but the invasion fail due to Soviet Union counterstrike.
  • Bombing of Pearl Harbor

    Bombing of Pearl Harbor
    Japanese surprise attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii.
    Japanese invasion of Indochina leads to U.S. to embargo oil on Japan.
  • Formation of the U.N.

    Formation of the U.N.
    Representatives of 26 nations at war with the Axis powers met in Washington to sigh the Declaration of the United Nation endorsing the Atlantic Charter, pledging to use their full resourced against the Axis and agreeing not to make a separate peace.
  • Wannsee Conference

    Meeting of Nazi officials in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee in order to plan the final solution. New Nazi policy goes against toward the Jews by deporting them to island of Madagascar.
  • Battle of Midway

    WWII naval battle, fought almost entirely with aircraft, in which the United States destroyed Japan’s first- line carrier strength and most of its best-trained naval pilots.
  • D-Day

    Operation Overlord, invasion of Normandy, is when the U.S., British, and the Canadian forces on five separate beachheads in Normandy.
  • Hitler’s suicide

    Hitler’s suicide
    Adolf Hitler, dictator of Germany, consumes a cyanide capsule, and then shoots himself with a pistol, as his “1000-year” Reich collapses above him.
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    Major WWII conference of the three chief Allied leaders met at Yalta in Crimea to plan the final defeat and occupation of Nazi Germany.
  • Iwo Jima/Okinawa

    Iwo Jima/Okinawa
    United States had turned back the Japanese advance in the Pacific and had re-taken a sweeping arc of islands that surrounded the enemy nation of Japan. Capturing the small islands remained crucial to an invasion of Japan because it would bring even the city of Tokyo within the range of American bombers. Iwo Jima is first attack, then Okinawa.
  • VE Day

    VE Day
    Western Allies crossed the Rhine after having smashed through the strongly fortified Siegfried Line and overran West Germany. German collapse came after the meeting of the Western and Russian armies at Torgau in Saxony, and after Hitler’s death amid the ruins of Berlin, which was falling to the Russians.
  • Atomic bombing of Hiroshima And Nagasaki

    Atomic bombing of Hiroshima And Nagasaki
    The American use the atomic bomb to struck Hiroshima and Nagasaki to cripple Japan. Killed a lot of people due to radiation exposing. Same goes for Nagasaki to makes the Japan to capitulate.
  • VJ Day

    VJ Day
    (Victory Day) announced that Japan had surrendered unconditionally to the Allies, effectively ending World War II.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    U.S. President Harry Truman declared immediate economic and military aid to the governments of Greece, threatened by Communist insurrection, and Turkey, under pressure from Soviet expansion in the Mediterranean area.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    U.S. sponsored program designed to rehabilitate the economies of the western and southern European countries in order to create stable conditions in which democratic institutions could survive and prevent Communism influence from Soviet Union.
  • NATO

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Military alliances establish which sought to create a counterweight to Soviet armies stationed in central and Eastern Europe after World War II.
  • Mao Zedong and People’s Republic of China

    Mao Zedong and People’s Republic of China
    It was established and its national capital at Beijing. It leads to the creation of a “people’s democratic dictatorship. Mao Zedong, principal Chinese Marxist theorist, soldier, and statesman who led his nation’s communist revolution and a leader of the Chinese Communist Party from 1935, he was chairman of the People’s Republic of China from 1949 to 1959.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    Conflict between the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea). North Korea was supplied and advised by the Soviet Union, invaded the South. United Nation and United States joined the war on the side of the South Koreans.
  • Stalin’s Death; Khrushchev

    Stalin’s Death; Khrushchev
    Joseph Stalin died in March 5, 1953. Nikita Khrushchev has been selected as one of five men named to the new office of the Communist Party.
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
    Conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam and its allies in South Vietnam, known as the Viet Cong, against the government of South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    Treaty establishing a mutual-defense organization composed originally of the Soviet Union and Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. The treaty provided for a unified military command and for the maintenance of Soviet military units on the territories of the other participating states
  • Sputnik

    Soviet Union launches an artificial Earth satellites and the first satellite launched by man. It fell back and burned in the Earth’s atmosphere in 1958.
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    East Germans had fled from East to West Germany, which threatened to destroy the economic viability of the East German state. In response, East Germany built a barrier to close off East German’s access to West Berlin.
  • Bay of Pig

    Bay of Pig
    o U.S. abortive invasion of Cuba financially and directed by the U.S. government.
    Castro expels who opposes him and the private property of the U.S., so the U.S. cut off trade between Cuba.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    Major confrontation that brought the United States and the Soviet Union close to war over the presence of Soviet nuclear-armed missiles in Cuba.
  • Gorbachev

    o President of the Soviet Union in 1990 -91; his efforts to democratize his country’s political system and decentralize its economy led to the downfall of communism and the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • Soviet Union falls(1991 After Gorbachev democratize the country)

    Soviet Union falls(1991 After Gorbachev democratize the country)
    o Soviet Union disintegrated into fifteen separate countries; its collapse was hailed by the west as a victory for freedom, a triumph of democracy over totalitarianism, and evidence of the superiority of capitalism over socialism.