The Cold War

  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    The Yalta Conference occurs, deciding the post-war status of Germany. The Allies of World War II (the USA, the USSR, Great Britain and France) divide Germany into four occupation zones. The Allied nations agree that free elections are going to be held in all countries occupied by Nazi Germany.The new United Nations are to replace the failed League of Nations.
  • Period: to

    The Cold War

  • FDR Dies

    FDR Dies
    President Franklin D. Roosevelt suffers a stroke while in Warm Springs ,GA
  • U.S. has nuclear weapons

    U.S. has nuclear weapons
    US President Harry S. Truman informs Soviet Union leader Joseph Stalin that the United States has nuclear weapons.
  • Postadam Conference ends

    Postadam Conference ends
    The Potsdam Conference ends with the Potsdam Agreement that organizes the division and reconstruction of Europe after World War II. New boundaries of Poland are agreed. Before the agreement to divide Germany into four zones (Yalta Conference), the four nations also decide to split Germany's capital, Berlin, into four zones as well. The Allied powers also agree to start legal trials at Nuremberg of Nazi war criminals.
  • First atomic weapon used

    First atomic weapon used
    US President Truman gives permission for the world's first military use of an atomic weapon against the Japanese city of Hiroshima in an attempt to bring the only remaining theatre of war from the Second World War in the Pacific to a swift closure.
  • Second atomic bomb used

    Second atomic bomb used
    US President Truman gives permission for the world's second and last military use of an atomic weapon against the Japanese city of Nagasaki in order to try to secure a swift Japanese unconditional surrender in the end of the Second World War.
  • Iron Curtain

    Iron Curtain
    Winston Churchill warns of the descent of an Iron Curtain across Europe.
  • Bizone created

    Bizone created
    The American and British zones of control in Germany are united to form the Bizone also known as Bizonia.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    President Harry Truman announces the Truman Doctrine starting with the giving of aid to Greece and Turkey in order to prevent them from falling into the Soviet sphere
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    Truman signs the Marshall Plan into effect. By the end of the programs, the United States has given $12.4 billion in economic assistance to European countries.
  • Blockade

    Blockade
    Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin orders the blockade of all land routes from West Germany to Berlin, in an attempt to starve out the French, British, and American forces from the city. In response, the three Western powers launch the Berlin Airlift to supply the citizens of Berlin by air.
  • Berlin Airlift starts

    Berlin Airlift starts
    launch of the Berlin Airlift to supply the citizens of Berlin by air.
  • NATO founded

    NATO founded
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is founded by Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States, in order to resist Communist expansion.
  • Berlin Blockade ends

    Berlin Blockade ends
    The Soviet blockade of Berlin ends with the re-opening of access routes to Berlin. The airlift continues until September, in case the Soviets re-establish the blockade.
  • Soviet Union has nuclear bombs

    Soviet Union has nuclear bombs
    The Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb. The test, known to Americans as Joe 1, succeeds, as the Soviet Union becomes the world's second nuclear power.
  • Korean War Starts

    Korean War Starts
    North Korea invades South Korea, beginning the Korean War.
  • Battle of lncheon

    Battle of lncheon
    United Nations forces land at Incheon. Defeating the North Korean forces, they press inland and re-capture Seoul.
  • China invades Korea

    China invades Korea
    China invades Korea with 300,000 soldiers, catching the United Nations by surprise. However, they withdraw after initial engagements.
  • Forced back to South Korea

    Forced back to South Korea
    United Nations forces approach the Yalu River. In response, China invades Korea again, but with a 500,000 strong army. This offensive forces the United Nations back towards South Korea.
  • Douglas Fired From Command

    Douglas Fired From Command
    US President Harry S. Truman fires Douglas MacArthur from command of US forces in Korea.
  • Mutual Security Act

    President Harry S. Truman signs the Mutual Security Act, announcing to the world, and its communist powers in particular, that the U.S. was prepared to provide military aid to "free peoples."
  • First Nuclear-Submarine

    First Nuclear-Submarine
    The United States lays the keel for the world's first nuclear-powered submarine, USS Nautilus.
  • 3rd Nation with Nuclear Power

    3rd Nation with Nuclear Power
    The United Kingdom successfully tests its atomic bomb in Operation Hurricane. The test makes the UK the world's third nuclear power.
  • First thermonuclear bomb

    First thermonuclear bomb
    The United States tests their first thermonuclear bomb, Ivy Mike.
  • New President

    New President
    Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes President of the United States.
  • Stalin Dies

    Stalin Dies
    Joseph Stalin dies, setting off a power struggle to succeed him
  • First Nuclear Submarine

    First Nuclear Submarine
    The United States launches the world's first nuclear submarine, USS Nautilus. The nuclear submarine would become the ultimate nuclear deterrent.
  • SEATO

    SEATO
    Foundation of the South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO) by Australia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, Thailand, the Philippines, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Like NATO, it is founded to resist Communist expansion, this time in the Philippines and Indochina.
  • West Germany joins NATO

    West Germany joins NATO
    West Germany joins NATO and begins rearmament.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    The Warsaw Pact is founded in Eastern Europe and includes East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Albania, Bulgaria, and the Soviet Union. It acts as the Communist military counterpart to NATO.
  • Geneva Summit

    Geneva Summit
    President Dwight D. Eisenhower of the United States, Prime Minister Anthony Eden of the United Kingdom, Premier Nikolai A. Bulganin of the Soviet Union, and Prime Minister Edgar Faure of France, known as the 'Big Four', attend the Geneva Summit. Also in attendance was Nikita Khrushchev of the Soviet Union.
  • Sputnik 2

    Sputnik 2
    Sputnik 2 was launched, with the 1st living being on board, Laika.