Stalin & Russia: Timeline

  • Period: to

    Civil war in Russia

    Trotsky organizes Red Army; Stalin commands forces in Tsaritsyn, Petrograd (St. Petersburg), and elsewhere.
  • Stalin elected General Secretary of the Communist Party

    Stalin elected General Secretary of the Communist Party
  • Death of Lenin

    Death of Lenin
    Stalin survives the reading of the Testament by the Central Committee in May.
  • Trotsky removed

    Trotsky removed
  • Zinoviev and Kamenev no longer needed

    Zinoviev and Kamenev no longer needed
    The election of new supporters of Stalin no longer needed these men
  • Trotsky: life of Exile

    Trotsky: life of Exile
  • Start of Five Year Plans

    Start of Five Year Plans
    Stalin carried out The New Economic Policy that was introduced by Lenin in 1921, but was in a much harsher way:
  • Period: to

    First Five Year Plan

    Targets were reached by the Oil Industry.
  • Bukharin expelled

    Bukharin expelled
  • Collectivization gets intense

    Collectivization gets intense
    Stalin announces "liquidation of the kulaks as a class"; collectivization begins in earnest.
    -intended to increase agricultural output from large-scale mechanized farms.
    -To make tax collection more efficient
    - However, living standards would drastically drop for peasants
    -Later on the "Kulaks" were to be shot
  • Stalin makes a Speech

    Stalin makes a Speech
  • Period: to

    Terrible Famine

    Famine stretches across the Soviet Union; millions die
  • Period: to

    The Second Five Year Plan

    -focused on heavy industry and set targets which were double and triple the 1932 levels.
  • Sergei Kirov Murdered

    Sergei Kirov Murdered
    Murder, by Stalin's agents, of Sergei Kirov. Beginning of "Great Terror," which continues until 1938.
  • Wrongly Accused

    Wrongly Accused
    Zinoviev, Kamenev, and others are arrested, accused of complicity in Kirov's assassination.
  • Pensions and Sickness Benefits

    Pensions and Sickness Benefits
    Industrial workers improving, the were guarenteed free medical care from the new constitution
  • Purges Continue

    Purges Continue
  • Period: to

    Third Five Year Plan

    -Focused on light industry; this was so that consumer goods could raise the standard of living
    - unsuccessful and threat of war spread
  • End of Great Terror

    End of Great Terror
    At Eighteenth Party Congress, Stalin announces end of the Great Terror.
  • Nazi-Soviet Pact is signed in Moscow

    Nazi-Soviet Pact is signed in Moscow
  • WWII

    WWII
    When Germany invaded Poland, Britain and France declared war on Germany on September 3. However, Poland was defeated by Germany and the Soviet Union.
  • Positive Outcomes

    Positive Outcomes
    -The USSR had overtaken Britain in Iron and Steel Production and was within 20% of Germany's output
  • Trotsky Mudered.

    Trotsky Mudered.
    Trotsky assassinated, by Stalin's agents, in Mexico City.
  • Hitler invades Soviet Union

    Hitler invades Soviet Union
  • Period: to

    Battle of Stalingrad.

    Germans are defeated, marking the turning point in the war.
  • End of war in Europe

    End of war in Europe
    Hitler commits suicide in bombed-out Berlin, ending war in Europe. Red Army controls all of Eastern Europe.
  • Communists seize power in Czechoslovakia

    Communists seize power in Czechoslovakia
    Soviet take control over Eastern Europe
  • Soviets explode their first atomic bomb.

    Soviets explode their first atomic bomb.
  • Sino-Soviet Treaty signed

    Sino-Soviet Treaty signed
  • Period: to

    Korean War

  • Plots against Stalin

    Plots against Stalin
    Announcement of Jewish "Doctors' Plot" against Stalin, plans for new wave of terror.
  • Death of Stalin

    Death of Stalin
    Stalin was found lying on the floor in a pool of his urine. He was helpless and unable to speak, and his broken watch showed he had fallen at 7:30 pm