WW2 to

By sson970
  • Start of the World War 2

  • Pál Teleki (Prime Minister of Hungary) partnered Hungary with the Tripartite Pact.

    Under the pressure from Germany Pál Teleki affiliated Hungary with the Tripartite Pact. In December 1940, he also signed an ephemeral "Treaty of Eternal Friendship" with Yugoslavia.
  • Pál Count Teleki de Szék suicide

    Unable to prevent Hungary's participation in the war alongside Germany, Teleki committed suicide.
  • Hitler asked the Hungarians to support his invasion of Yugoslavia

    German forces launching from Romania, Austria, Hungary and Bulgaria along with an Italian contigent from Albania capture and secure the Yugoslavian capital of Belgrade. HItler promised to return some former Hungarian territories lost after World War I in exchange for cooperation.
  • Hungary declared war on the USSR

  • Hungary entered the war

    After war broke out on the Eastern Front many Hungarian officials argued for participation in the war so as not to encourage Hitler into favoring Romania in the event of border revisions in Transylvania. Hungary entered the war and on 1 July 1941 at the direction of the Germans, the Hungarian Karpat Group advanced far into southern Russia.
  • HItler demands major Hungarian participation after the substantial German losses in Russia.

    NAZI Foreign Minister Von Ribentrop met with Hungarian officials in Budapest (January 1942). He insisted on a further mobilization of Hungarian forces to participate in a new summer offensive. The Hungarians promised further territorial awards in Transylvania as an enducement. Bardossy acceeded to the NAZI demands and one third of the Hungarian Army was committed to the upcoming German offensive.
  • IN 1942-1943, Pro-Western Hungarian government promised to Britain and the USA that they wouldn't fire on their aircraft to spare Hungarians cities from bombardment.

  • Soviet Red Army crushed Hungary's army that were circling Stalingrad.

    Soviet Red Army annihilated Hungary's Second Army during the massive counterattack on the Axis troops besieging Stalingrad.
  • German forces occupied Hungary-Operation Margarethe

    While waging war against the Soviet Union, Hungary engaged in armistice negotiations with the United States and the United Kingdom. Hitler discovered this betrayal and, in March 1944, German forces occupied Hungary.
  • Operation Panzerfaust-military operation to occupy Hungary made by the Nazi's

  • Hungarian fascist leader Ferenc Szálasi established a new government, with German backing.

    Szálasi's Government of National Unity turned the Kingdom of Hungary into a client state of Nazi Germany formed on 16 October 1944 after Regent Miklós Horthy was removed from power during Operation Panzerfaust.
  • Start of the Battle of Budapest

  • Hungary declares war on Germany

    On this day, the provisional government of Hungary officially declares war on Germany, bringing an end to Hungary's cooperation—sometimes free, sometimes coerced—with the Axis power.
  • Soviets ending the Battle of Budapest

    Part of the broader Budapest Offensive, the siege began when Budapest, defended by Hungarian and German troops, was first encircled on 26 December 1944 by the Red Army and the Romanian Army. The siege ended when the city unconditionally surrendered on 13 February 1945.
  • End of the World War 2

  • FREE Elections were held in Hungary (17% won by the Hungarian Soviet support/57% won by the Smallholder's party)

    In elections held in November 1945, the Independent Smallholders' Party won 57% of the vote. The Hungarian Communist Party, now under the leadership of Mátyás Rákosi and Ernő Gerő, two survivors from the Hungarian Soviet Republic of 1919, received support from only 17% of the population.
  • Another election was held in Hungary. This time USSR made sure that the Communists would win.

    Between 1949-1953 Hungary was treated badly by Stalin.
  • Yugoslavia had successfully broken away from the Soviet Control

    The Hungarians wanted to follow that path.
  • Hungary gradually became a one-party state

    After WW2, gradually power was transferred from the freely elected Hungarian government Independent Small Holders Party to the Soviet-backed Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party led by Matyas Rakosi.
  • Russian troops in Hungary-Mutual assistance treaty

    The presence of Soviet troops in Hungary was formalized by the 1949 mutual assistance treaty, which granted the Soviet Union rights to a continued military presence, assuring ultimate political control. The Soviet forces in Hungary were part of the so-called Central Group of Forces headquartered in Baden, near Vienna.
  • Stalinist era 1949-1956

    Mátyás Rákosi, the new leader of Hungary, demanded complete obedience from fellow members of the Hungarian Working People's Party. Mátyás Rákosi imposed restrictions on the Hungarians.
    -Fear of Secret Police
    -No freedom of speech
    -Soviet troops in Hungary (they had to pay for them to be there)
    -Russian schools, signs and shops were there
  • Death of Stalin

    His successor, Khrushchev, would present revisionist ideas that would inspire Hungarian reformists and weaken the Communist bloc.
  • Living standards declining, but the broadcast told the people "it had never been so good".

    The restrictions on the people are giving an effect. The living standards were declining, because of the war efforts. The state was spending money on the armaments,
  • Krushchev (new leader of USSR) criticised Stalin and it gave hope to the Hungarians.

    Hungarians hoped that Krushchev would be different from Stalin and let Hungary be independant.
  • Hungary want to leave the Warsaw Pact and become neutral.

    Krushchev couldn't accept that .
  • Anti-soviet demonstrations in Poland made Krushchev look for a compromise.

    The Soviet leaders wanted to control the countries of the Warsaw Pact.
  • The Hungarian Revolution began peaceful demonstration of students in Budapest.

    The students protested for the implementation of several demands including an end to Soviet occupation. The police made some arrests and tried to disperse the crowd with tear gas. When the protesters attempted to free those who had been arrested, the police opened fire on the crowd, provoking rioting throughout the capital.
  • Soviet military units entered Budapest and seized key positions.

    Citizens and soldiers joined the protesters chanting "Russians go home" and defacing communist party symbols. The Central Committee of the Hungarian Working People's Party responded to the pressure by appointing the reformer Imre Nagy as the new Prime Minister.
  • Mass of protesters gathered in front of the Parliament Building.

  • Soviet tanks immediately captured Hungary's airfields, highway junctions and bridges. Fighting took place all over the country but the Hungarian forces were quickly defeated.

    During the Hungarian Uprising an estimated 20,000 people were killed, nearly all during the Soviet intervention. Imre Nagy was arrested and replaced by the Soviet loyalist, János Kádár, as head of the newly formed Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (Magyar Szocialista Munkáspárt). Nagy was imprisoned until being executed in 1958. Other government ministers or supporters who were either executed or died in captivity included Pál Maléter, Géza Losonczy, Attila Szigethy and Miklós Gimes.
  • The nationwide revolt has stopped

  • Imre Nagy arrested and executed