World War ll timeline

Timeline created by HenryCao
In History
  • Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany

    Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany
    He became a chancellor during the Great Depression. People were looking for a new leader and Hitler gave it to them. He would become the savior of Germany and sway the people with propaganda.
  • Hitler pledges to undo the Treaty Of Versailles

    Hitler pledges to undo the Treaty Of Versailles
    After violating the rules of the treaty Hitler decided to go public announcing what he has done. But France & Britain paid little attention even when it was a direct challenge to them. After testing out his limits Hitler decided to take an even further step by marching out of the fortifications of France and Germany declaring for peace.
  • Italy invades Ethiopia

    Italy invades Ethiopia
    Led by Benito Mussolini the Italy wanted to restore their national prestige from their defeat at the Battle Of Adowa when they tried to conquer Ethiopia. They also blamed Ethiopia for a incident at Wal-Wal Oasis.
  • Germany, Italy, Japan form pact known as Axis

    Germany, Italy, Japan form pact known as Axis
    All of the Axis members sign a pact called the “Tripartite Pact”. It can also be known as the “Berlin Pact” because it was signed in Berlin. Consent from the three nations as seen up at the title, this was a mutual agreement to help each other in case other.opposing nations destroyed one of their military forces.These pact was vital to fend off their most challenging rival, USA.
  • Germany annexes Austria

    Germany annexes Austria
    Austrian Nazis wanted to conquer the Austrian government and merge with the Nazis of Germany. The Austrian Chancellor Kurt von Schuschnigg, tried to make a deal with the leader himself, Adolf Hitler. But he was bullied into letting Nazis be part of the chancellor’s cabinet. Later on Kurt would present a vote for annexation on March 9th but chickened out on March 11th resigning himself and pleading the country not to fight back Hitler when he invaded.
  • Germany, italy, Great Britain, and France sign the Munich Agreement. (Appeasement)

    Germany, italy, Great Britain, and France sign the  Munich Agreement. (Appeasement)
    All 4 nations above were hell-bent on dominating Czechoslovakia. One attack and a war would break out. But Britain representative and also the prime minister,Chamberlain was trying to avoid war. So he called all four of the nations representatives to one meeting. They came up with the Munich agreement which allow them to have a foothold in Czechoslovakia.
  • Germany and the Soviet Union sign the Nazi-Soviet Pact, dividing Eastern Europe into spheres of influence.

    Germany and the Soviet Union sign the Nazi-Soviet Pact, dividing Eastern Europe into spheres of influence.
    Also known as the nonaggression pact it was signed before the start of World War II. Both parties would benefit with Joseph Stalin keeping peace with Germany to build up his Soviet army and Hitler to invade Poland with no fight with the Soviets. It was also secretly applied to discuss dividing Eastern Europe between the two nations. The pact fell apart after Hitler invaded the British and French provoking revenge and no longer working with a country that didn’t honor their agreement.
  • Germany invades Poland

    Germany invades Poland
    Hitler sent his army to regain lost territories and ultimately Poland. He sent his many forces after bombing them which cut off many of their basic needs such as food,communication,and shelter. Although Poland were 1 million strong they were under equipped and their commanders were not as smart as Hitler. Overwhelmed Poland has been destroyed.
  • Honoring their support of Poland, Great Britain and France declare war on Germany.

    Honoring their support of Poland, Great Britain and France declare war on Germany.
    Poland has been captured by Hitler. The two ally nations decided to declare war. But Germany had a strong military force using one of their submarines to sink the British ocean liner,Athenia,which was also the first casualty of the war. 28 of the deceased passengers onboard were Americans but Roosevelt declined that they were on any sides and remained neutral.
  • Soviet Union invades Poland.

    Soviet Union invades Poland.
    Soviet minister Molotov has declared honoring the Hitler-Stalin non aggression agreement and begins to invade eastern Poland as Poland troops tries to avoid Hitler’s forces. German would give the Soviets three-fifths of Poland and the people along with it.
  • Auschwitz

    Auschwitz
    It opened on this date as one of the largest Nazi’s concentration and death camp. Initially used to detain political prisoners it became used in a much worse way. It was filled with mostly Jews and enemies of the nation. It was used to exterminate the prisoners usually in gas chambers. But if you were unlucky, a man that went by Josef Mengele would use you for barbaric medical experiments.
  • Germany invades Denmark and Norway

    Germany invades Denmark and Norway
    German warships enter Norwegian major ports occupying Danish cities. With the betrayal of,Vidkun Quisling,Norway falls to Germany. Hearing of this news the king of Denmark, Christian X, succumbed and did not resist German rule knowing he would not be able to fight off their invasion. Hitler now has acquired a second and third nation ruled by Germany.
  • France falls and Germany controls Paris

    France falls and Germany controls Paris
    The Fall of France was based on two German operations. The first was called Case Yellow. The Germans closed all communication and help from France. The British troops alongside France would fall back leaving France on its own. Operation Case Red begins where half of France did not want to resist allowing Germans to take control of that land after the two countries agreed on a armistice.
  • Operation Sea Lion

    Operation Sea Lion
    Also known as Operation Seelöw it was a code for the invasion of Britain. It was supposed to be a easy win with Britian’s forces looked as weak and inexperienced.
  • North African Campaign

    North African Campaign
    The Libya Italian colonies and British forces of Egypt in the Middle East started skirmishes when Italy declared war on the Allies. The Italians invaded Egypt. The British and Indians retaliated. Then Hitler joined in with Italy sending newly trained troops called “Afrika Korps”. But the British managed driving them back. Thousands of Americans and British troops joined ending the campaign.
  • Britain defeats Germany in Operation Sea Lion

    Britain defeats Germany in Operation Sea Lion
    Hitler underestimated the Britain growing forces and backup from Canada. The Germans would need control of the sky and waters to be able to invade England. However they were suffering huge losses and had to maneuver around. After a while Hitler postponed the invasion.
  • Battle of Britain ends

    Battle of Britain ends
    After several postponements Hitler decided to call off the invasion. Britain was victorious. He would later focus his attention to Russia.
  • Germany invades the Soviet Union - Operation Barbarossa

    Germany invades the Soviet Union - Operation Barbarossa
    Hitler decided to stage a large invasion eastward. He split the groups into three.groups One group had roughly around three million soldiers. Another one contain 150 divisions. The last group contained three thousand tanks. All of this on Soviet territory.
  • Japan attacks Pearl Harbor

    Japan attacks Pearl Harbor
    Japan attacked the US naval base in Hawaii. They dealt a huge amount of damage in two waves breaking down the 300 aircrafts and 18 ships, killing about 2403 people.This would lead to the US to join World War II.
  • Battle of Midway Ends - Why is this important?

    Battle of Midway Ends - Why is this important?
    The Imperial Japanese Navy stopped its expedition to cross the Pacific. This also led to allied forces to come. The Japenese would also react this time instead of the other way around.
  • Battle of Guadalcanal

    Battle of Guadalcanal
    It was the most offensive and a victorious one as well for the Allies in the Pacific theater. US marines ambushed the section of the Solomon Islands that stationed Japanese troops. Reinforcements were getting funneled in to one of the biggest battle of the two nations.In the end Japense suffered most of the heavy damage leaving the Americans in control of the unfished air base.
  • D-Day

    D-Day
    This is the day the battle of Normandy starts. Three nations of the Allies landed on the 50 mile radius beaches of France, Normandy. The nations were the US,Canada,and Great Britain. They would win and liberate Western Europe of German control.
  • Germany surrenders

    Germany surrenders
    After their lost to the Allies Hitler would be unable to rely on France to build his troops against the Soviet Union. He committed suicide before their surrender. Instead his successor,Donitz, and high commander,Jodl, would then be asked to sign a document that would stop Germany from pushing on to the West or East. This was also a mark to the end of World War II.
  • Hiroshima

    Hiroshima
    On this date a American B-29 bomber by the name “Enola Gay” dropped a atomic bomb to be made in history. Hiroshima was a very important Japanese military base and contained a large population as well. The release was called the “Little Boy” for a shocking 9700 uranium gun-like bomb. It racked over 200,000 deaths due to the remaining radioactive effects which earned the title nuclear bomb.
  • Nagasaki

    Nagasaki
    The bomb nicknamed “Fat Man” was originally focused on ,Kokura Arsenal, a large amounn of war industries. A few things went to according to plan at first. But as the B-29 “Bock’s Car” got closer to their target they experience a few complications such as the inability to access their reserve fuel or inability to see through the smoke and haze.So they decided to drop the bomb at Nagasaki. Although the bomb had a bigger explode coverage it was not as damaging because of the geography of Nagasaki.
  • Japan Surrenders

    Japan Surrenders
    Japan formally surrendered on the vessel USS Missouri at Tokyo Bay.Along with Japan, 11 nations signed the document called the “Potsdam Declaration”. This includes USA,China,Great Britain,Canada,the UN,Australia,the USSR,France,the Netherlands, and New Zealand. Another signature from the US was by Admiral Chester. This day marked the end of the most devastating war in history mentally and physically. But it was also a day to celebrate the beginning of a new and better world.
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    Germany breaks the Munich Agreement and occupies the rest of Czech lands.

    With this agreement Hitler would gain control to the lifeline of Czech,Sudetenland. Hitler was using the agreement as a negotiation ploy,temporarily keeping him from unleashing chaos. He threatened the Czech president,Emil Hachi,who was also known to be weak and senile that he was going to bomb the country if he did not have access without resistant to Prague their capital. Ultimately, they gave him what he wanted.
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    Phony War

    Through the first eight months of World War II there was no major conflict with only a few skirmishes in the sea. Both sides of the war remain behind their defenses preparing for the worst, Britain decided to conscript,food ration, and the use of public transportation reserved for the military only. This created great discomfort throughout the region.
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    Kristallnacht

    It was a period when synagogues,schools,homes,and the Jews themselves were either burned and killed by Nazi mobs retaliating on the behalf of ,Ernst vom Rath, a German diplomat. About 30,000 men were sent to concentration camps and the Jewish community was left to pay the whooping amount of $400 million damage from the riot.
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    Battle of Stalingrad

    Russian forces were able to slow down the German forces from achieving their plan in Stalingrad. But the Russians had no chance against the Luftwaffe as they sent air forces to bomb the city. They also managed to break down the Volga River halting the moving of the commercial carts. The Russians were getting desperate arming up men and women from the cities. After several months the city was left in ruins and the remaining people were sent to camps.