Japenese Invasion of ChinaThe fighting between Japanese and Chinese troops led to the Marco Polo incident, which directed to the Sino-Japenese war. It was Japan's invasion on China. It started due to a conflict that broke out when China resisted expanding the Japenese influence in its territory. China’s society was turned upside down. The sudden failure created by the war were seen as sacrifices for the nation. It turned most Chinese people into nationalists. The old responsibilities to the family came second.
Ribbentrop/Molotov PactHitler and Stalin signed a non-agression pact, called the Ribbentrop/Molotov Treaty. The treaty defined the territorial spheres of influence Germany and Russia would have after a successful invasion of Poland. It pledged neutrality by either party if the other were attacked, this kept Russia and Germany at peace. It was mainly to gain time to build up the Soviet military establishment.This event destroyed a large part of the Polish culture. It devastated, frightened, and demoralized the economy.
Germans invasion of PolandGerman troops invaded Poland all along the border. The German Luftwaffe bombed Polish airfields, and the warships and U-boats attacked Polish marine forces in the Baltic Sea. Hitler wanted this to bring them living space. They would colonize the territory and the native Slavs would be enslaved. West and Central Poland went to the Nazis. Poland would serve as a battleground throughout the war, utterly devastating the nation. Millions of Poles were exterminated by the Nazi regime.
German BlitzkriegGermany invaded much of Europe and was conquering them for more than 2 years by using a military method called "Blitzkrieg", it was basically lightning war. It was because Germany wanted to raise its power and expand. They felt as if European powers were restricting them. That tremendous attack took away everything and made the native population fearful and disoriented. This led to a great loss of civilian lives, and many people were left without any homes and family members.
Fall of ParisHitler launched a blitzkrieg on France through the forest and sent large forces into Paris that caused an evacuation of the city because they failed to resist the attack. Many Parisians fled the country. It was because Hitler wanted to get revenge after France and Britain humiliated them by signing the armistice that ended World War 1. The fall made Italy attack France and take a part of its territory, and it led the allied forces into splitting up. The French were forced to sign the armistice.
Operation BarbarossaGermany conquered Russia, it involved 3 million axis powers. That made it the largest operation in history. Hitler invaded the USSR due to the fact that he wanted to defeat communism and to use the russian people for slave labor, and to take over land, most specifically fields of Ukraine and oil fields of Caucasus. The confidence of the masses increased, and the pattern of defeats interrupted. The USSR gained great power status and an unexpected alliance between Stalin, Churchill, and Roosevelt.
Pearl HarborJapan launches a surprise attack on the US naval base, which is located in Pearl Harbor. The commander is the one who called his forces to begin with the attack, this led to the US declaring war. It was because the US placed a restriction on Japan due to their overload of power, specifically on the South Pacific Islands. Japan wanted to increase its oil and war effort, they saw the US's pacific navy as a major threat. The effect was it bringing US to the war they've been avoiding all along.
Battle of MidwayIt was a battle that lasted for 3 days and was fought almost entirely by aircraft since the US destroyed Japan's first-line carrier strength and defeated their best pilots. It happened because the Japanese continued to seize Midway and bases in the Aleutians. It impeded with US Pacific Fleet by engaging war machinery. It created equality among them and marked a turning point in the military struggle and the pacific war. Also, it boosted US morale and prompt the US Navy’s plan on attacking Tokyo.
Battle of StalingradThis battle was the turning point in WWII. It bled the German army in Russia, and after it the army was fully retreated. It was mainly to stop the German advance into getting into Russia and it was to mark the turning of the tide of war in favor of the allies.The Battle of Stalingrad had many consequences, and was a crucial point in World War 2. The loss of life and damage to the city was astonishing. It also stopped the German expansion, that terminated Hitler's vision of a global empire.
Manhattan ProjectPresident Roosevelt had signed to a secret project that developed nuclear weapons. This made a bomb for the US during WW2 and it was the largest secret project in history. It was undertaken by the US with the support of Britain & Canada. It was to give US a tactic to defend themselves after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. This bomb was dropped on Hiroshima & Nagasaki. Radiation from the bombs caused chromosomal mutations in the cells of surviving organisms, that made these people develop diseases.
Operation GomorrahThe British suddenly attacked Hamburg, Germany. It was an evening attack; the British used over 17,000 bombers, which dropped more than 9000 tons of explosives. It was to get revenge and fight back for the approximate 170 civilians skilled by the Germans. The effects were devastating, approximately 30,000 people were killed. 280,000 buildings were destroyed. Hitler was also effected seeing as he realized defeat and refused to visit cities that showed that the war was over.
Allied Invasion of ItalyThis allied forces invasion on Italy began with British forces skipping across the Strait of Messina to Calabria. Later, more British and American forces landed. They wanted to throw a net across the Italian peninsula meanwhile the British chased the Germans. It was maninly to turn Italy into an occupied country. It was a success to the axis, however Italian's resistance proved relatively strong, and fighting in Italy continued even after the fall of Berlin.
D-day (Normandy Invasion)The attack was the biggest invasion by sea, and was through the beaches of Normandy. They were able to break through the defenses that were damaged, and then got into Berlin in Germany. When the US joined the war they encouraged the allies to start the attack so the allies wanted to end the war and minimize Germany's attacks. The effects were that Germany were forced to fight two fronts which they were able to handle, and it caused Germany to become defeated since they surrendered a year later.
Battle of the BulgeHitler tried to divide the allies in North West Europe by his tactic, blitzkrieg.The US troops fought to restrict Germany's chance of defeat. The US army rotated to the North and attacked the Germans. Americans paddled through snow drifts and hit the sides of the bulge. It was because the German Army launched a counter attack that cut through the allied forces in Hitler's favor. This caused over 100,000 casualties. The Germans lost weapons, hope on being victorious, and the US gained confidence.
Operation ThunderclapIt was an attack on Germany. The bomb landed in Dresden, US and British Air Forces came together and bombed the city. Many believe this attack shouldn't have happened because the war was already over and Hitler was already defeated. Dresden didn't have any military significance since it was filled with innocent civilians. It was mainly to help the Soviets improve by disrupting the rear ares of the German East Front. This ended up demoralizing the Germans and depressing civilians.
Battle of Iwo JimaAmerican's first struck the Japanese at Iwo Jima. They prepared the air and naval offense, 3 US marine divisions landed there. Japanese soldiers faced conflicts fighting which led to their defeat. The US then planted their flagon Iwo Jima. It was because the US needed a base near the Japanese Coast. The Japanese bases were locked down, this made them be unaware of incoming bombers because they couldn't scout. The US benefited because they gained land and marked places to land bombers.
Battle of OkinawaAllied forces invaded Okinawa and engaged the Japanese in the bloodiest battle of the Pacific War. Both North and South of the American landing beaches enabled the Japanese to comportment a violent defense of Okinawa. It was because Japanese forces changed their tactics of resisting at the water's edge to a defense in depth to gain time, this caused 100,000 Japanese casualties and 50,000 allies casualties. The Americans and the Japanese lost some of their ships and aircrafts were destroyed.
VE DayThe UK & US celebrate victory in Europe day. It was when German troops throughout Europe finally stopped. Germans surrendered the Soviet enemy. It was because they wanted to escape the grasp of Soviet forces and to keep from being prisoners. This led to the loss of more than 8,000 soldiers. Also, it officially announced the end of World War Two in Europe. It also signified the collapse of fascism in Europe.
Dropping of the atomic bombsThe first atomic bomb in history hit Hiroshima, Japan. It was from an American bomber. A few days later another bomb hit Nagasaki, Japan. It was because the capital U.S believed that if the atomic bomb could stop the war soviet influence would be restricted domestically the overwhelming cost of development would be absolved. It killed out 90 percent of the population in the city. Tons of thousands of people would die form the radiation and approximately 35,000 people were injured.
VJ DayVJ Day, which was also known as Victory over Japan day, happened at the end of WWII. Harry Truman, the US's president, announced it & that after 6 years of war Japan has surrendered by agreeing to sign the Postdam declaration. They refused to sign the Postdam declaration, it showed unconditional surrender from WWII. Also, a big factor that lead Japan to sign the declaration was when the US dropped two atomic bombs on them, it ended the war in the Pacific & also marked the end of World War II.
http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/4496786-world-war-ii (pic) 1- Japenese invasion of China
Citation2- Ribbentrop/ Molotov pact
Citation3- Germany’s invasion of Poland
https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005070 (pic) 4- German blitzkrieg
Citation5- Fall of Paris
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ovz5k9PZ8Y (pic) 6- Operation Barbarossa
Citation7- Pearl Harbor
http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/wwii/jb_wwii_pearlhar_1.html?sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi-q9n0wdDMAhUGGCwKHTNPB-cQ9QEIGDAA (pic) 8- Battle of Midway
Citation9- Battle of Stalingrad
Citation10- Manhattan Project
http://www.historyrocket.com/World-War/world-war-ii/bombings-of-hiroshima-and-nagasaki/Bombings-Of-Hiroshima-And-Nagasaki-Effects-On-Society.html (pic) 11- Operation Gomorrah
Citation12-Allied invasion of Italy
http://www.ww2incolor.com/us-armor/life_26.html (pic) 13- D-day
Citation14) Battle of the Bulge
http://photos.pennlive.com/patriot-news/2014/12/battle_of_the_bulge_dec_16_194_17.html (pic) 15) Operation Thunderclap
Citation17- Battle of Okinawa
http://ww2live.com/en/content/world-war-2-15-images-remember-okinawa-last-battle-and-largest-amphibious-assault-pacific (pic) 18- VE Day
Citation19- Dropping of the atomic bombs
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/hiroshima-nagasaki-did-us-need-drop-atomic-bombs-japan-1513563 (pic) 20- VJ Day