World War 2 Timeline

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    The Rise of Hitler

    1921 Hitler joins the German Workers’ Party & becomes chairman of his party
    1932 Hindenburg defeats Hitler at becoming President
    1933 Hindenburg offered him the chancellorship of Germany
    1934 Hindenburg dies, Hitler merges posts of chancellor & president
    Hitler's alleged goal was to make Germany a better, bigger & stronger place. The rise of Hitler gave him a position of power which gave him the ability to execute his plans in WW2
    [https://www.britannica.com/biography/Adolf-Hitler/Rise-to-power]
  • Nanking (Photo)

    Nanking (Photo)
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    Nanking

    Many in Nanking were victims to butchery that is known as "the Rape of Nanking." Fleeing residents were shot/bayoneted. Thousand of assumed Chinese Army memebers were tied up & led to fields. They were shot, beheaded, bayoneted & killed in other ways before being dumped into mass graves. Many were buried alive. Thousands of women were repeatedly raped & often murdered after their attackers had been satisfied. This lasted for 6 weeks & +40,000 died
    [http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/nanking.htm]
  • Nanking (Photo)

    Nanking (Photo)
  • German Blitzkrieg

    German Blitzkrieg
    Blitzkrieg: German term for “lightning war. A military tactic used beyond 1941 that involves quick paced & concentrated attacks from aircrafts & tanks. The aircrafts dive bomb the enemy while the tanks charge at fast paces in order to confuse as well as overwhelm the enemy. It starts with tanks breaking through the front line, then have soldiers storm in & take over. If done right it results in short military campaigns & can save lives
    [https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005437]
  • Ribbentrop/Molotov Pact

    Ribbentrop/Molotov Pact
    The pact was between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. It was meant to prevent either country attacking or fighting against the other. It also stated that neither country would ally against the other or help other countries start war against the other. The Nonaggression Pact died June 22, 1941, when Nazi Germany attacked the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa.
    [https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005156]
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    Battle of the Atlantic

    The battle began with Germans sinking merchant ships in the South Atlantic. When US had entered the war, America launched more ships than the U-boats could sink & destroyed more than Germany could fix. May 1941, a British ship attacked a U-boat, & captured the German Enigma coding machine & code books. Some success was made breaking the code, they could then re-route the convoys. In 2 months British sea losses dropped by 80%
    [http://thecanadianencyclopedia.com/en/article/battle-of-the-atlantic/]
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    Battle of Britain

    A battle between Britain & Germany. Britain was considered the last major allied power left against Nazi Germany because the US had not yet joined.
    Germany was unable to use its blitzkrieg tactics that had proved were successful against both Poland and France. So it instead Air Forces were used in attempt to knock Britain out of the war. Germany also planned to invade Britain but lack of Naval forces prevented this.
    [https://www.historycrunch.com/battle-of-britain.html]
  • Battle of Britain (Photo)

    Battle of Britain (Photo)
  • Battle of Britain (Photo)

    Battle of Britain (Photo)
  • Battle of Britain (Photo) 25 September 1940.

    Battle of Britain (Photo) 25 September 1940.
  • Battle of the Atlantic (Photo)

    Battle of the Atlantic (Photo)
  • Battle of the Atlantic (Photo)

    Battle of the Atlantic (Photo)
  • Period: to

    Operation Barbarossa

    Operation Barbarossa: code name for an invasion of the Soviet Union. Germany's attention was on the Soviet Union, June 1941 to began its invasion with a surprise attack. Intentions were promote population & living space growth. Germany got within the interior of the Soviet Union but could not proceed due to a counter attack. They were unable to get into the Soviet interior again & never fully recovered
    [https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/operation-barbarossa-and-germanys-failure-in-the-soviet-union]
  • Operation Barbarossa (Photo)

    Operation Barbarossa (Photo)
  • Operation Barbarossa (Photo)

    Operation Barbarossa (Photo)
  • Operation Barbarossa (Photo)

    Operation Barbarossa (Photo)
  • Battle of the Atlantic (Photo)

    Battle of the Atlantic (Photo)
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    The Japanese Empire attacked the American fleet at the Hawaiian naval base of Pearl Harbor because the Americans were the only Ones stopping Japan from expanding in the Pacific, & Pearl Harbor housed the American fleet of battleships. It started with bombing hangars & aircrafts plus the Arizona sinking after its gunpowder supply was hit with a bomb. The Pearl Harbor attack led to the United States joining the fighting of World War 2
    [https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/what-happened-at-pearl-harbor]
  • Wannsee Conference

    Wannsee Conference
    The Wannsee Conerence was. Conference had on January 20th, 1942 about the emliination and dehumanizing of the Jewish population. Heydrich was simply trying to assert his authority as the chief executor of the "Final Solution to the Jewish Question" because it had already been said that Jews were to be removed from territories used by Germans. The conference just finalized this decision, leading to the attempted elimination of the Jewish [https://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=233]
  • Bataan Death march

    Bataan Death march
    The U.S commander of all ground troops on Bataan surrendered thousands of his troops. Leading to 76,000 prisoners of war marching 106km to Camp O’Donnell, a former army training centre. On the way the prisoners were beaten, shot, bayoneted, & beheaded. Once at the camp many died of starvation & disease. The anger from the Death March motivated the Americans to fight for their country & the lives lost & to eventually win the Pacific war.
    [https://www.britannica.com/event/Bataan-Death-March]
  • Battle of the Atlantic (Photo)

    Battle of the Atlantic (Photo)
  • Battle of the Atlantic (Photo)

    Battle of the Atlantic (Photo)
  • The Dieppe Raid

    The Dieppe Raid
    The Russians were urging the Allies to relieve the pressure on them by opening a second front in north-west Europe. The plan was take Dieppe, hold town perimeters, destroy harbor sites, interrogate German officers & then withdraw by sea. Very few reached their spots but were able to improvise; instead of wrecking weapons & they killed many gunmen by sniper. Poor circumstances eventually let the Axis powers win
    Video: [https://youtu.be/otYbcd9sFrQ]
    [https://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=99]
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    The Italian Campaign

    The Italian Campaign of World War 2 was the name of Allied operations in & around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe. Stalin asked for help from the other Allies. They agreed to help & used Italy as a platform to attack enemy areas in Europe. This was known as the Italian Campaign. It began with the landing on the island Sicily. Canadian casualties in the Italian Campaign were +26,000
    [http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/remembrance/history/second-world-war/italian-campaign/history/pish]
  • Battle of the Atlantic (Photo)

    Battle of the Atlantic (Photo)
  • Italian Campaign (Photo)

    Italian Campaign (Photo)
  • Battle of the Atlantic (Photo)

    Battle of the Atlantic (Photo)
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    Liberation of Concentration Camps

    The camps were liberated by the Allies. The first major camp, Majdanek, was discovered by the Soviets on July 23, 1944. Germans attempted to hide the proof of mass murder by wrecking the camp. January 1945, Auschwitz was overrun by Soviets. Only a few thousand prisoners remained, the others had been taken on death marches. Almost 60,000 starving & mortally ill people were left without food & water
    [https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/liberation-of-the-concentration-camps]
  • Italian Campaign (Photo

    Italian Campaign (Photo
  • D-Day (Normandy Invasion)

    D-Day (Normandy Invasion)
    The Allies launched an attack on German forces in Normandy. Thousands of transports carried an invasion army to Normandy's beaches. Germany thought it was all a diversion. It was vital for the Allies to capture a port. The troops then landed across five assault beaches. By the end of the day the Allies could begin their advance into France. It opened another way in Europe & began liberating France
    [https://www.junobeach.org/canada-in-wwii/articles/d-day/]
    Video [https://youtu.be/GLl9N-kW-Cs]
  • Italian Campaign (Photo) September 1944.

    Italian Campaign (Photo) September 1944.
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    Battle of the Bulge

    An unsuccessful attempt to push the Allies away from German territory. Germans dressed in American uniforms & drove US jeeps to cause confusion. In 5 days the Germans surrounded 20,000 Americans. German supplies went low & ammunition & fuel were depleting making them declared failures by the Allies. Allies suffered 75,000 casualties, Germany lost 120,000 men & large sums of matériel. They lost any chances of keeping resistance to Allied offensives
    [https://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=42]
  • Battle of the Bulge (Photo)

    Battle of the Bulge (Photo)
  • Battle of the Bulge (Photo)

    Battle of the Bulge (Photo)
  • Battle of the Bulge (Photo)

    Battle of the Bulge (Photo)
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    Battle of Iwo Jima

    It was between Japan & the US. Japan built & used intricate tunnel systems. Also the Japanese were so well protected that no amount of bombing or shelling dislodged them. The United States wanted to invade the island to use it as a staging ground for larger assaults. The code the Japanese followed (fight to the death) prevented them from surrendering. The winning of this battle enabled a base near the Japanese coast.
    [https://www.britannica.com/topic/Battle-of-Iwo-Jima]
  • Iwo Jima (Photo)

    Iwo Jima (Photo)
  • Iwo Jima (Photo)

    Iwo Jima (Photo)
  • Iwo Jima (Photo)

    Iwo Jima (Photo)
  • Victory in Europe Day

    Victory in Europe Day
    Victory in Europe was celebrated. It meant an end to six years of war that costed the lives of millions, destroyed homes, families, & cities; & had brought huge suffering tl entire countries. Millions rejoiced in the news that Germany had surrendered, relieved that the intense strain of war was over. Hitler committed suicide on 30 April 1945. His successor Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz negotiated an end to the war with the Allies
    [https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/what-you-need-to-know-about-ve-day]
  • Potsdam Declaration

    Potsdam Declaration
    The Potsdam Declaration was also written by Truman and Churchill, and was broadcasted to Japan by radio and in pamphlets. The Potsdam Ultimatum promised "utter destruction" unless Japan permanently renounced war, gave up the war criminals, return all conquered territories and surrendered unconditionally.
  • Hiroshima

    Hiroshima
    The Japanese generals refused to surrender. So the US dropped an atomic bomb on the island of Hiroshima. "Little Boy" was a +9,000-pound uranium-235 bomb. It exploded 2,000 feet above Hiroshima, destroying five square miles of the city in a blast equal to that of 12-15,000 tons of TNT.
    [https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/bombing-of-hiroshima-and-nagasaki]
    [https://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=49]
  • Nagasaki

    Nagasaki
    The US dropped a plutonium bomb called "Fat Man" on the town of Nagasaki because the Japanese had not surrendered after Hiroshima. It was more powerful than the bomb used on Hiroshima, This bomb weighed close to 10,000 pounds and was made with a 22-kiloton blast in mind. Since it was dropped between mountains the impacts was reduced and resulted in the destruction 2.6 square miles.
    [https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/bombing-of-hiroshima-and-nagasaki]
  • Victory over Japan Day

    Victory over Japan Day
    Victory over Japan Day, or VJ-Day, on 15 August 1945, was the end of the war in the Pacific as well as the end of World War 2. The surrender of Japan was caused/lead to by the US attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki after the demanding Japan surrender. Canadians came out of their homes and offices full of joy and relief. They filled the streets, rang bells and gleefully embraced one another.
    [http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/m/article/vj-day-victory-over-japan/]