World War II

  • HItler Ran For President of Germany

    Hitler ran for president in 1932. He won 30% of the votes, then forced Paul von Hindenburg into electorial runoff. Hitler then lost the election.
  • Germany left the League of Nations

  • Japan leaves the League of Nations

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    Policy of Appeasement

  • Period: to

    Nazi attack on civil rights of Jews

  • Death of Paul von Hindenburg

    Paul von Hindenburg died in August of 1934. Hitler was then voted dictator by consensus.
  • Italy left the League of Nations

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    Intensified persecution of Jews

  • Treaty of Munich

    Hitler, Chamberlain, Daladier of France and Mussolini of Italy met in Munich and agreed that Hitler should have the Sudetanland of Czechoslovakia. The Czechs were not represented at the meeting and realising that no country would come to their aid were forced to surrender the Sudetenland to Germany. Hitler assured those at the meeting that this was the extent of his ambitions for expansion. Chamberlain returned to England with a piece of paper signed by Hitler, proclaiming 'peace in our time.
  • Munich conference

    Epitome of appeasement. The fate of Czechoslovakia is sealed and virtually hnaded over in the name of peace
  • Germany and Austria United

    Hitler had plans to untie all german speaking people. The Autrians demanded the liberation of germans in Czechoslovakia.
  • Hitler Invades Poland

  • Britian and France Declare War on Germany

  • The fall of Warsaw

  • Nazi - Soviet aggression pact is signed

  • War Tax Act

    Tax increased to 50%
  • Hitler invades Czechoslovakia

  • Attack on the Low Countries begins

    Netherlands, Belgium
  • Hitler Invades Denmark and Norway

  • Attacks on Paris begin

  • Italy Enters War

    Italy enters war alongside Germany and Japan. They formed an alliance known as the 'Axis Powers'
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    Battle of Britain

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    Bombing of Germany

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    The Blitz

  • Battle of Britain

    The Battle of Britain had 4 phases
    1) July - Hitler sent Luftwaffe bombers to attack British Ports
    2) August - Bombing continued but were concertated on RAF (Royal Air Force) airfields
    3) September - London was heavily bombed in hope to destory the morale of British people
    4) RAF defended London from daytime bombing, so Hitler ordered bombing to be done at night. The raids ended on October 31
  • Australia Sends Ground Forces to Malaya

    World At WarWith the increase in Japanese power and influence in Southeast Asia Australia begins to feel pressured'
  • Italy and Germany attack Yugoslavia

  • Britian and US Declare War or Japan

    German and Italian troops attacked Yugoslavia, Greece and the island of Crete. German field Marshall Erwin Rommel led the axis powers back to North Africa
  • Hitler Attacks Russia

    Hitler sent 3 million soldiers and 3,500 tanks into Russia. The Russians were taken by surprise as they had signed a treaty with Germany in 1939. Stalin immediately signed a mutual assistance treaty with Britain and launched an Eastern front battle that would claim 20 million casualties. The USA, which had been supplying arms to Britain under a 'Lend-Lease' agreement, offered similar aid to USSR.
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    Operation Barabrossa

  • The 'Final Solution' begins

  • Period: to

    Germany fails to take Moscow

  • the US joins the war

  • Japan Lands in New Guinea

    Japan lands in New Guinea and initiated the Kokoda Campaign. The Kokoda Campaign was a battle on the Kokoda Track in New Guinea.
  • Japan Captures Singapour

    Japan captures Singapour from the British along with 60,000 prisoners
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    Case Blue

    A continuation of Operation Barbarossa
  • Battle of Stalingrad commenced

  • North Africa Gets Involved

    General Alexander was told be Churchill that his goal was to be the destruction of the German-Italian army.
  • Germany swtiches to total war

    "total war means shorter war" Goebbels
  • Operation Uranus

    Soivet Counter Offensive - created Stalingrad pocket
  • German surrender at Stalingrad

  • The British and Americans beat Axis Forces in North Africa

    The British and American forces managed to defeat the Axis forces (Germany, Italy, Japan) in North Africa.
  • Axis powers started losing

  • Allies (Britain and America) invade Sicily

    British and US forces invaded Sicily.
    Sicily eventally surrenders
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    Battle of Kursk

    German offensive
  • Leningrad relieved

  • D-Day

    'The allies launched an attack on Germany's forces in Normandy, Western France. Thousands of transports carried an invasion army under the supreme command of general Eisenhower to the Normandy beaches. The Germans who had been fed false information about a landing near Calais, rushed troops to the area but were unable to prevent the allies from forming a solid bridgehead. For the allies it was essential to first capture a port'
  • Operation Bagration

    Lead by Zhukov, an attack on German troops in Belorussia. 285,000 killed
  • Soivet - German tank battle

  • Soviet counter attack

    Advance on Germans who wre severely outnumbered. The goal was to wear down the Germans but no to break through
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    Operation Cobra

    British forces move out of Normandy. American torrps capture Avranches by 1st August
  • Soviets reached the outskirts of Warsaw

    Waited for Polish reistance. Uprising lasted for 2 month and resulted in the destruction of the city and death of 55,000 poles and 350,000 taken as German slave labour.
  • Strike in German occupied Paris

    German governer ordered by Hitler to level the city, refuses
  • France liberated

  • 93.6% of men 14 -64 were employed in various aspects of national service in Britain

  • Montgomery attemps to use airborne troops to seize bridges of the Rhine

    Only gets 2
  • Red Army attempts to push back German troops from the Baltic States

  • Battle of the Bludge

    German surprise attack in Antwerp, Belgium. Created a negotiated peace. Broken in January 1945 as Allies obtained overwhleming numbers of men and aircraft.
  • Zhukov obtained Warsaw

  • Americans entered Germany

  • Soviet and Allied forces met at the River Elbe

  • Soviet Union controlled all of Eastern Europe and were ready for the final onslaught

  • Soviets took Berlin

  • Germany surrendered unconditionally

  • Victory in Europe is announced

  • Mussolini is executed

  • Nuremburg Trials signed

    Lasted from August 1945 to October 1946
    Allies had little knowledge of German leadership. Of top 24 Nazis, only 21 were sent to trial.
    3 commited suicide. 4 judges, one from each country: US, Britian, France, USSR.
  • Hitler commits suicide