World War II

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    Benito Mussolini

    Benito Mussolini was the dictator of Italy during World War II. Mussolini was a fascist and developed the brown shirts in his early years and that is how he rose to power. He arranged an alliance with Germany and Japan. Together, these three nations worked to conquer Europe.
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    Josef Stalin

    Stalin was the ruler of the Soviet Union. He was the ruler of Russia. After Germany attacked Russia, the Russians joined the Allies. The Russians stopped the Axis Powers from expanison in Russia in the battles of Moscow and Stalingrad.
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    Adolf Hitler

  • Italian Invasion of Ethiopia

    Italian Invasion of Ethiopia
    Italy wanted to get revenge on Ehtiopia after loosing to them in 1896. Italy beat Ethiopia because they had outdated weapons. Mussolini used tanks, machine guns, poison gas, and airplanes to invade Ethiopia. After the Ethiopian king asked the League of Nations for help, the League of Nations decided to set up sanctions or penalties against Italy. Italy was too strong for the League of Nations so no sanctions were passed.
  • Occupation of the Rhineland

    Occupation of the Rhineland
    The Rhineland was a strip of land between France and Germany, that was demilitarized. Even though this was part of Germany, the Treaty of Versailles said that Germany only had political control of this land. Hitler saw that it would be understandable bring in military in Guernica. Germany moved some of theri army and officers into the area. France and Britain did not do anything about this. France was having internal issues in the country. Britain found Hitler's actions understandable.
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    Spanish Civil War

    3,000 Americans formed the Abraham Lincoln Battalion and fought against Franco Francisco in Spain.Hitler and Mussolini joined Franco with troops ,weapons, tanks, and fighter planes. This was a conflict between the nationalists and the loyalists. The U.S remained neutral during this conflict.
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    Francisco Franco

  • Air raid on Guernica

    The air raid in Guernica was bombed by volunteers sent by Hitler under Mussolini's control. Mussolini and Hitler both were in on this plan. Mussolini and Hitler called this group of planes and volunteers the Condor Legion.
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    Neville Chamberlain

    British Prime Minister during World War II. Neville signed the Munich agreement to give the Sudetenland to Germany and he had an appeasment foreign policy which was a policy to try and avoid war.
  • The Anschluss

    The Anschluss was a union of Austria and Germany. Austria's chancellor denied to agree with Hitler's demands. Hitler demanded his men to "preserve order" which really meant take over Austria or kill Austria's chancellor.
  • Munich Conference

    This was an agreement to allow Germany to take over Sudetenland. Hitler broke this agreement later on by invading Poland. This invasion might have started World War II. This agreement was to help Germany become neutral. These countries wanted neutrality in Germany to not start a war, but Hitler wanted war so he broke the agreement.
  • Annexation of Czechoslovakia

    At first Hitler wanted the Germans in the region of western Czechoslovakia called Sudetenland to be given autonomy. Hitler wanted Sudetenland because France and Britain were not willing to go to war for this land.
  • Nazi-Soviet Pact

    This pact was created between Stalin and Hitler. They joined together to split up land between themselves and to become stonger. THe pact was created for mutual need.
  • Invasion of Poland

    Invasion of Poland
    The invasion of Poland was the first test of Germany's new tactic the Blitzkrieg or "lightning war".Two days after the attack Britain and France declared war on Germany. This started World War II.
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    World War II

  • Formation of the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis

    This formation of countries was made up of Germany, Italy, and Japan, known as the Axis powers. They agreed tot fight the Soviet communism and to not get invloved with eachothers plans to take over a land.
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    Battle of Britain

    Hitler had 26,000 planes at his disposal in Britain.OnSeptember 15th, 1940 the RAF shot down 185 German planes but the Germans only shot down 26 RAF planes. Germany bombed downtown London.
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    Charles de Gaulle

    Was head of the French government. Charles de Gaulle led the set up of "free French". Led the French in World War II.
  • Fall of France

    Italy declared war on France and attacked southern France. France surrendered because Germany was also also attacking France at the same time. France had to follow all of Germany's commands. Charles de Gaulle led French officers to England to help France become free
  • Formation of Vichy France and Formation of the "Free France"

    The Axis Alliance took over control of southern France after Germany took over northern France. This section of France remainded under control of the Third Reich in Germany until the end of the war in 1945.
  • Operation Barbarossa

    Hitler wanted to take out the threat of Communism and by doing so had to invade Russia. Even though Hitler had a pact with Stalin the invasion commenced. A Blitzkrieg strategy was used and close to the end of October the German forces were nearly at the gates of Moscow. Many pockets of Soviet troops became trapped and were forced to either fight to the death or surrender.
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    Tojo Hideki

  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

    Attack on Pearl Harbor
    Japanese Imperial Army attacked the US military base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. Japans reason was to keep the US out of the Pacific Theatre, but this just made the US join in on World War II, with them joined their alliances, Britain and France. Japan also attacked the US because the US would island-hop or take over the Japanese islands. Japan used special aircrafts were called kamikazes, they are for suicidal missions. The US used their radar and sonar systems to detect Japan's aircrafts.
  • Battle of Midway

    Japanese Imperial Forces would fight against the US for military territory on Midway Atoll. The US won and built a military base in Midway.
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    Battle of Stalingrad

    The batle was fought between the Axis Alliance and the Soviet Union, ignoring the no pact agreement. The Soviet would win the city of Stalingard in the end of the war.
    The war streched from July 1942 to Febuary 1943. It was the turning point in Europe. When the Soviets launched a massive counter attack and pushed towards Berlin, Germany.Defending Stalingrad the Soviets lost a total of 1,100,000 soldiers.
  • El Alamein

    Two battles took place. First Battle of El Alamein (July 1 – July 27, 1942) the advance of Axis troops on Alexandria was blunted by the Allies, when the German troops tried to outflank the allied position. At the Second Battle of El Alamein (October 23 – November 11, 1942) Allied forces broke the Axis line and forced them all the way back to Tunisia.
  • D-Day

    Allied military lands in Normandy Beaches, France were able to drive out Axis forces. The Allied forces were able to station allied forces in France.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    This was Hitlers last gasp offensive in order to try to break allie moral.By the end of the battle Germans lost 120,000 troops, 600 tanks and assulte guns, and 1,600 planes.
  • Iwo Jima

    The big three discused the fate of Germany and the post war world for eight days in Yalta in the Soviet Union.Roosevelt wanted Stalin's support for a peace keeping orginization to be called the United Nations.
  • V-E Day

    A few week after Hilters Suicde, The Axis Alliances surrendered to the Allied Alliance. This would end Hitlers Third Reich in 1945.Hitler killed himself and had his body burned to avoid the disgrace of capitulation.A week after Hitlers death Eisenhower accepted the unconditional surrender of the Third Reich.
  • V-J Day

    After the nucleur bombing on Hiroshima, and losing many people from their navy, The US surrendered the war on August 14. They would officaly surrender later on September 2nd. V-J Day was declared because the Japanese Emporer was horrified at the distruction of the atomic bombs america had unleashed.On September 2 formal surrender cerimonies took place on the U.S battle ship Missouri in tokyo Bay.Macarthur says today the guns are silent.
  • Decision to use atomic weapons

    The decision to use atomic weapons created a total war. This allowed the the countries involved in World War II to use all their weapons during the war. This decision made World War II more effective.
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    Winston Churchill

    Churchill was the prime minister of Britain during World War II. Winston led his country into a victory against the Nazi's and the Axis Powers during World War II.