World War I

  • Assassination of Ferdinand

    Arch duke Ferdinand was assassinated. This sparked the beguining of WWI. His wife was also killed.
  • Lusitania

    The Lusitania was the twin of the Titanic. It was sunk by German U-boats. This caused outrage in America.
  • Election of 1916

    Hughes took the lead in the Eastern and Midwestern states, and several newspapers declared him the winner. However, Wilson refused to be beat, and as the votes came in from the South and West, Wilson took the lead.
  • Zimmerman Note

    A telegram sent from Germany to Mexico asking them to join in WWII by attacking America. Britain intersected the telegram and sent it to America, this is partly why America joined in WWI. Germany promised to give Mexico the states that America took.
  • Russian Revolution

    The Russian Revolution is the name for multiple revolutions in Russia durring 1917, which destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and led to the creation of the Soviet Union.
  • Selective Service Act

    Passed by congress on the 18th of May. It authorized the federal government to raise a national army. The Act was canceled with the end of the war on November, 1918.
  • Espionage and Sedition Act

    Enacted on the 18th of June, 1917. At first it prohibited any attempt to interfere with military operations, to support U.S. enemies during wartime, to promote insubordination in the military, or to interfere with military recruitment.
  • War Industry Board

    A government agency created on July 28, 1917, during World War I, to coordinate the purchase of war supplies. The organization encouraged companies to use mass-production techniques to increase efficiency and urged them to eliminate waste by standardizing products. The board set production quotas and allocated raw materials.
  • Fourteen Points

    1. There should be no secret alliances between countries
    2. Freedom of the seas in peace and war
    3. The reduction of trade barriers among nations
    4. The general reduction of armaments
    5. The adjustment of colonial claims in the interest of the inhabitants as well as of the colonial powers
    6. The evacuation of Russian territory and a welcome for its government to the society of nations
    7. The restoration of Belgian territories in Germany
  • 14 Points cont

    1. The evacuation of all French territory, including Alsace-Lorraine
    2. The readjustment of Italian boundaries along clearly recognizable lines of nationality
    3. Independence for various national groups in Austria-Hungary
    4. The restoration of the Balkan nations and free access to the sea for Serbia
    5. Protection for minorities in Turkey and the free passage of the ships of all nations through the Dardanelles
    6. Independence for Poland, including access to the sea
  • 14 points cont 2

    1. A league of nations to protect "mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small nations alike."
  • Armistice

    Happened on the 11th of November. Bulgaria was the first to sign it, on the 29th of September.
  • Schenck v US

    A United States Supreme Court decision that concluded that a person did not have a First Amendment right to express freedom of speech against the draft of WWI. The case established the "clear and present danger" test.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    As a guarantee of compliance by Germany, Part XIV of the Treaty said that the Rhineland would be occupied by Allied troops for a period of 15 years.
    Part V of the treaty begins with the preamble, "In order to render possible the initiation of a general limitation of the armaments of all nations, Germany undertakes strictly to observe the military, naval and air clauses which follow."