World War 1 Timeline by Darcy Joce McCann 9GY

  • Triple alliance formed

    Triple alliance formed
    The Triple Alliance was the military alliance among Germany, Austria–Hungary, and Italy, (as opposing the Triple Entente which consisted of an alliance between Britain, France and Russia), that lasted from until World War I in 1914. Each member promised mutual support in the event of an attack by any other great power, or for Germany and Italy, an attack by France alone.
  • Schlieffen Plan created

    Schlieffen Plan created
    The Schlieffen Plan was created by General Count Alfred von Schlieffen in December 1905. The Schlieffen Plan was the operational plan for a designated attack on France once Russia, in response to international tension, had started to mobilise her forces near the German border. The execution of the Schlieffen Plan led to Britain declaring war on Germany on August 4th, 1914.
  • Triple Entente formed

    Triple Entente formed
    The Triple Entente (from French entente "friendship, understanding, agreement") was the alliance linking the Russian Empire, the French Third Republic, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the signing of the Anglo-Russian Entente on August 31, 1907.
  • World War 1 begins

    World War 1 begins
    WW1 begins with the assasination of archduke Franz ferdinand of Austria
  • Austria declares war on serbia

    Austria declares war on serbia
    On July 28, 1914, one month to the day after Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife were killed by a Serbian extremist group. Austria declares war on Serbia, effectively beginning the First World War.
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    World War 1

    World War I, also called First World War or Great War, an international conflict that in 1914–18 embroiled most of the nations of Europe along with Russia, the United States, the Middle East, and other regions. The war pitted the Central Powers—mainly Germany,
  • Germany declares war on russia

    Germany declares war on russia
    Russia, without waiting for any result, proceeded to a general mobilisation of her forces both on land and sea. In consequence of this threatening step, which was not justified by any military proceedings on the part of Germany, the German Empire was faced by a grave and imminent danger. If the German Government had failed to guard against this peril, they would have compromised the safety and the very existence of Germany.Germany was then forced to declare war on Russia.
  • Shlieffen Plan put into effect

    Shlieffen Plan put into effect
    On 2nd August 1914, the Schlieffen Plan was put into operation when the German Army invaded Luxembourg and Belgium. However, the Germans were held up by the Belgian Army and were shocked by the Russian Army's advance into East Prussia. The Germans were also surprised by how quickly the British Expeditionary Force reached France and Belgium.
  • Ottoman-Germany alliance formed

    Ottoman-Germany alliance formed
    The alliance was created as part of a joint-cooperative effort that would strengthen and modernize the ailing Ottoman military, as well as provide Germany safe passage into neighboring British colonies.
  • Germany invades Belgium

    Germany invades Belgium
    Germany invades Belgium, which is said to be another factor in the beggining of World War 1
  • Japan declares war on Germany

    Japan declares war on Germany
    An alliance with the Entente Powers and played an important role in securing the sea lanes in the South Pacific and Indian Oceans against the German Kaiserliche Marine.
  • Britian delclares war on germany

    Britian delclares war on germany
    On this day in 1939, in response to Hitler's invasion of Poland, Britain and France, both allies of the overrun nation declare war on Germany. The first casualty of that declaration was not German—but the British ocean liner Athenia, which was sunk by a German U-30 submarine that had assumed the liner was armed and belligerent. As for Britain's response, it was initially no more than the dropping of anti-Nazi propaganda leaflets—13 tons of them—over Germany. They would begin bombing German ships
  • The First Battle of Marne Begins

    The First Battle of Marne Begins
    The Battle of Marne was a First World War battle fought from 5–12 September 1914. It resulted in an Allied victory against the German Army under Chief of Staff Helmuth von Moltke the Younger. The battle was the culmination of the German advance into France and pursuit of the Allied armies which followed the Battle of the Frontiers in August, which had reached the outskirts of Paris.
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    Battle of Marne

    The battle of marne was the first key battle of World War 1 which was won by the allies, it led to the "Race to the Sea". it wss the first time trench warfare had been used on the western front
  • The First Battle of Marne rages on

    The First Battle of Marne rages on
    The counterattack of six French field armies and the British Expeditionary Force along the Marne River forced the German Imperial Army to abandon its push on Paris and retreat north-east, leading to the "Race to the Sea" and setting the stage for four years of trench warfare on the Western Front. The Battle of the Marne was an immense strategic victory for the Allies, wrecking Germany's bid for a swift victory over France and forcing it into a drawn-out two-front war.
  • Australian forces take possesion of German New Guinea

    Australian forces take possesion of German New Guinea
    Australia's early involvement in the Great War included the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force landing at Rabaul and taking possession of German New Guinea at Toma.
  • The First Battle of Marne ends

    The First Battle of Marne ends
    Over two million men fought in the First Battle of the Marne and c. 500,000 were killed or wounded. French casualties totalled 250,000 men, 80,000 killed. Charles Péguy was killed while leading his platoon's attack at the beginning of the battle. British casualties were 13,000 men, 1,700 killed. The Germans suffered 250,000 casualties. No future battle on the Western Front would average so many casualties per day. This would ultimantly lead to the demise of the schleiffen plan.
  • Royal Australian Navy destroys the German raider SMS Emden.

    Royal Australian Navy destroys the German raider SMS Emden.
    the German light cruiser SMS Emden attacked the British cable station on Direction Island and was engaged several hours later by HMAS Sydney, an Australian light cruiser. The battle was the first single ship action fought by the Royal Australian Navy. Glossop used his speed and the superior range of his guns to stay out of reach of the German guns and avoided further damage and casualties. Meanwhile, his own gunners gradually found their marks, inflicting sustained and increasingly accurate fire
  • Australian troops land in gallipoli

    Australian troops land in gallipoli
    On 25 April 1915 members of the Australian Imperial Force landed at Gallipoli together with troops from New Zealand, Britain, and France. This began a campaign that ended with the evacuation of troops on 19 and 20 December 1915. Following Gallipoli,
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    Australians and the Gallipoli Campaign

    The reason's for the Gallipoli Campaign was for the British to be able to capture the Ottoman Empire Capital and also they wanted to secure their trading route with Russia. Then with the secure trading route with Russia, British forces would be able to supply Russia with ammunition, resources and reinforcements. This then would hopefully win the war for the allied nations and stop the German and Austria-Hungary forces on the Western front. the nature of Gallipoli warfare was trench warfare.
  • the Gallipoli Campaign ends

    the Gallipoli Campaign ends
    Athough the Gallipoli Campagin ended in military defeat, with troops having to be evacuated, it was still a success for the ANZACS. Australia was no longer a country made up of convics, we were an important part of society.
  • Battle of Verdun begins

    Battle of Verdun begins
    A major military engagement of World War I, the Battle of Verdun was a ten month long ordeal between the French and German armies. The battle was part of an unsuccessful German campaign to take the offensive on the western front. Both the French and German armies suffered incredibly with an estimated 540,000 French and 430,000 German casualties and no strategic advantages were gained for either side.
  • Unrestricted submarine warfare begins

    Unrestricted submarine warfare begins
    Unrestricted submarine warfare is a type of naval warfare in which submarines sink vessels such as freighters and tankers without warning, as opposed to attacks per prize rules.
  • USA delclares war on germany

    USA delclares war on germany
    At 8:30 on the evening of April 2, 1917, President Wilson appeared before a joint session of Congress and asked for a declaration of war against Germany in order to "make the world safe for democracy." On April 4, Congress granted Wilson's request. America thus joined the carnage that had been ravaging Europe since 1914. Germany's renewal of unrestricted submarine warfare and the revelation of a proposed German plot to ally with Mexico against the US prompted Wilson's action.
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    Hundred Days Offensive

    The Hundred Days Offensive was the final period of the First World War, during which the Allies launched a series of offensives against the Central Powers on the Western Front from 8 August to 11 November 1918, beginning with the Battle of Amiens. The offensive essentially pushed the Germans out of France, forcing them to retreat beyond the Hindenburg Line, and was followed by an armistance.
  • Germany's navy mutinied

    Germany's navy mutinied
    The Kiel Mutiny was triggered by secret German Navy plans to launch a final suicide attack upon the British Royal Navy as the war reached its conclusion. Although the mutiny eventually spread across Germany and ended in revolution it was initiated by sailors attached to the High Seas Fleet.
  • World War 1 ends

    World War 1 ends
    World War 1 ends due to the signing of the treaty of Versailles
  • Germany signed an armistice with the Allies

    Germany signed an armistice with the Allies
    The armistice between the Allies and Germany – also known as the "Armistice of Compiègne" after the location it was signed – was the agreement that ended the fighting in western Europe that comprised the First World War. It went into effect at 11 a.m. on 11 November 1918, and marked a victory for the Allies and a complete defeat for Germany, although not technically a surrender.
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated

    Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated
    Kaiser Wilhelm II was de facto head of Germany during World War One. When World War One broke out in August 1914 Wilhelm was emperor with great power. When the war ended it ended for Wilhelm with a self-imposed exile. Wilhelm was forced to abdicate and went into exile in the Netherlands. Attempts by the victorious allies to extradite and try him for war crimes came to nothing. With Adolf Hitler's rise to power after 1933, Wilhelm had hopes of being restored but they came to nothing and he died o
  • Battle of Verdun ends

    Battle of Verdun ends
    The Battle of Verdun is considered to be one of the most brutal events of World War I, and the site itself is remembered as the "battlefield with the highest density of dead per square yard."
  • Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire

    Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire
    The restoration of the 1876 constitution and the reconvening of the Ottoman parliament marked the beginning of the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. This era was dominated by politics.