world war 1 timeline of main events

  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria

  • Period: to

    World war 1

  • austria-hungry declared war on serbia

  • germany declares war on russia

  • germany ivades belgium

  • Germany declare war on france

  • Period: to

    western front

  • Britian declare war on germany

  • Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia.

  • Serbia declares war on Germany.

  • Period: to

    the great retreat

    also known as the Retreat from Mons. it is the long withdrawal to the River Marne by Allied forces on the Western Front after their defeat by the Imperial German Armies at the Battle of Charleroi and the Battle of Mons
  • first battle at marne

    lasted til 12 september
  • battle of ypres

    ypres was a strategic position.
    in October and November 1914. The German and Western Allied attempts to secure the town from enemy occupation.
  • second battle of ypres

    21 April – 25 May 1915 the battle was fought for control of the strategic town.
    allies 70 000 killed, wounded or missing
    german empire 35,000 killed, wounded or missing
  • first use of gas

    first use of chlorine gas on the western front
  • Period: to

    invasion of gallipoli

    the ANZACs invaded the ottoman empire (turkey)
  • battle of lone pine

    the ANZACs invading the ottoman empire (turkey)
  • battle of verdun

    battle of vedun was the longest battle of WW1 lasting from 21 february 1916 to 16 December 1916.
    the germans thought that it would change the course of the war if the french lost enough men in that battle. they fought they would try to protect the fort to the last man.
    the French lost over 360,000 and the Germans nearly 340,000.
  • battle of jutland

    The Battle of Jutland was a naval battle fought by the Royal Navy's Grand Fleet against the Imperial German Navy's High Seas Fleet.
  • battle of the somme

    the British Army had suffered 420,000 casualties including nearly 60,000 on the first day alone.
    The French lost 200,000 men
    the Germans nearly 500,000
  • battle of fromelles

    irst major battle fought by Australian troops on the Western Front. the attack was meant to pull german solders from the somme to be put more south.
    The 5th Australian Division suffered 5,533 casualties
    the 61st British Division suffered 1,547.
    The German casualties were little more than 1,000.
  • The United States declares war on Germany.

  • first battle of bullecourt

    An attack was launched on Bullecourt by the 4th Australian and 62nd British Divisions. The attack was hastily planned and mounted and resulted in disaster. Due to uncertainty as to how far they had advanced, supporting artillery fire was withheld, and eventually the Australians were hemmed in and forced to retreat. The two brigades of the 4th Division that carried out the attack, the 4th and 12th,
  • second battle of bullecourt

    the battle lasted from 3 may 1917 - 17 may 1917
    The Australian 2nd Division (5th and 6th Brigades) and the British 62nd Division attacked.
    The Australians penetrated the German line but met determined opposition which frustrated the envelopment plan. Drawing more and more forces in.
    Germans withdrew from the remnants of the village
  • Third battle of ypres

    A.K.A battle of passchendaele.
    the battle was fought from 31 July to 10 November 1917.
    the battle was fought to advance to Torhout–Couckelaere to close the German-controlled railway running through Roeselare and Torhout.
  • new russian ruler

    The Bolsheviks successfully overthrow the Russian government during the 1917 Russian Revolution.
  • armistice between russia and central powers

    The armistice agreed upon between the new Russian government and the Central Powers goes into effect.
  • treaty of brest litovsk

    Russia signs the Treaty of Brest Litovsk, which is a peace treaty between Russia and the Central Powers.
  • second battle of marne

    The Second Battle of the Marne was the last major German Spring Offensive on the Western Front. The German attack failed when an Allied counterattack led by French forces and including several hundred tanks overwhelmed the Germans, inflicting severe casualties. The German defeat marked the start of the relentless Allied advance.
  • German Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates and flees Germany

  • armistice signed

    the treaty was signed to end the war