World War 1

By papisa
  • Triple Alliance

    Triple Alliance
    In May 1882, Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy formed the Triple alliance and kept this agreement going up to World War.
    (Unknown date)
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    German New Guinea

    The first European to visit what is known today as Indonesia/New Guinea in the early 1500s was the Portuguese and the Spanish. During this period the importance of the northern shore of New Guinea was not notice for many ships passing along.
    (Unknown date and month for the start and the end)
  • Triple Entente

    Triple Entente
    In the time before the First World War, Great Britain, France and Russia were allies even though there was no signed agreement between them.
  • First battle of Ypres

    First battle of Ypres
    During the War, there were three battles fought around the Ypres salient. The first was in 1914 the BEF tried to stop a very quick advance made by the Germans.
    (Unknown date and month)
  • Francis Ferdinand assassinated

    Francis Ferdinand assassinated
    In the morning of 28th of June 1914
    Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie were traveling through Sarajevo, the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina in a motorcade
    A Serbian nationalist assassinated Francis and his wife while they were travelling.
    On the anniversary of the 1389 battle of Kosovo, the Archduke was warned of possible assassination plot but ignored the warning and had a tour around the capital.
  • Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia

    Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia
    On 28th July 1914, one month to the day after Archduke Ferdinand and his wife were assassinated by a Serbian in Sarajevo, Austria-Hungary announces war on Serbia and this was more or less the beginning of World War 1.
  • Germany and Russia declared war on each other

    Germany and Russia declared war on each other
    On 1st August 1914, four days after Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Russia and Germany declared war on each other as well. After this France prepared for a major war, which became known as the “Great War”. The result of this war was absolutely devastating, more than 20 million soldiers and other people died and many places in Europe were destroyed.
  • Germany declared war on France

    Germany declared war on France
    On the 3rd of August 1914, Germany then declared war on France. This meant that Germany was at war with France and Russia. This was a plan that Alfred von Schlieffen had developed when he was chief of staff.
  • The start of World War 1

    The start of World War 1
    World war 1 started on 4th August 1914 because Germany and Britain declared war. The Australian government and Andrew Fisher promised to fully support Britain. Lots of people in Australia and other countries were very pleased when World War 1 started.
  • Battle of Tannenberg

    Battle of Tannenberg
    The Tannenberg battle was the first major battle in World war 1 on the eastern front, between Germany and Russia.
  • Start battle of Marne

    Start battle of Marne
    On September 4 1914, the German army moved quickly through Belgium and northern France, making the French army panic. French and British soldiers were sent there and they managed to stop the German troops. After that the war became a very slow battle between the armies fighting from trenches in the ground.
  • Gallipoli

    At 2:30 am on the 25 April 1915 an Australian submarine went into the Dardanelles to upset communications in the Turkish navy. At the same time Anzac troops were sailing towards Gallipoli.
  • Sinking of Lusitania

    Sinking of Lusitania
    On 1st of May 1915 the Lusitania sailed from New York going to Liverpool. After it was sunk people thought that America would join in the war. But this didn’t happen for 2 years.
  • Secound battle of Ypres

    Secound battle of Ypres
    The second was in 1915, and this was the first time the Germans used poison gas.
    (Unknown date and month)
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    Battle of Verdun

    The Battle of Verdun was the greatest and longest in world history. The battle began on 21 February 1916 and ended on 19 December 1916, which result in an estimated 700,000 casualties (dead, wounded and missing). The battlefield was very small (less than 10 kilometers square) but it was a battle that neither wanted to loose.
  • Battle of Jutland

    Battle of Jutland
    The battle of Jutland was the only important battle at sea in World War 1. Even though the British navy lost many ships and men, the German navy lost the battle and was not able to carry out any other sea battles.
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    Battle of Somme

    The battle of Somme began on 1st July 1916 and ended in November 1916. It became known as the worst part of World War 1 and showed that trench warfare had no affect on the war except to kill many many soldiers.
    (Unknown date for the end of Somme battle)
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    Battle of Fromelles

    The first major battle fought by Australian troops on the Western front was the Fromelles. It was intended to distract the German’s troops away from the Somme battle that was going to the south. The battle started with a 7 hours attack by the Australians using big guns but this meant they lost any hope of surprise on the German troops who had a good position in their trench. The Australians did manage to capture a few German trenches but the German fought back and the Australian had to withdraw.
  • United States entered war

    United States entered war
    When World war started the United States tried to remain neutral. It didn’t want to allow other countries to have any affect on American politics. However America eventually joined World War 1 because of numbers of event.
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    Battle of Vimy Ridge

    In the Vimy Ridge all four Canadian divisions fought together on the same battlefield for the first time in the Great War. They showed great bravery and won a fantastic victory.
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    Battle of Passchendaele

    Battle of Passchendaele was officially known as the third Battle of Ypres. It was infamous not only the numbers of casualties but also for the mud.
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    Battle of Cambrai

    The Battle of Cambrai started in November 1917 and lasted until December 1917, and was very important. It was the first battle where lots of tanks were used, together with large guns and aircraft. This meant that the battles were no longer fixed in one place like in trench warfare.
    (Unknown date for the start and the end of Cambrai battle
  • Secound battle of Marne

    Secound battle of Marne
    In 1918 the German army won some battles and this meant they were able to reach the Marne again. Sadly this was exactly where they were 4 years before that. Hundreds of thousands of soldiers have died just to get back to the same place.
    (Unknown date and month)
  • The end of World War 1

    The end of World War 1
    On 17th October 1918 was the day that the final Allied push towards the German Border began. This caused Turkey to surrender at the end of October and Austria–Hungary on November 3.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    After the World War one ended, the treaty of Versailles was the peace settlement that was signed with Germany at the Palace of Versailles near Paris. The British Prime Minister and the Presidents of America and France were there to sign the treaty. Lots of countries wanted the treaty to destroy Germany but others like Britain were not so sure.
  • The League of Nations

    The League of Nations
    The League of Nations was formed after the First World War and many countries were member although America never joins. It was formed so that argument between countries could be settled without going to War. President Woodrow Wilson had suggested as part of an overall plan as peace in Europe.
    (Unknown date)