World War 1

  • Archduke Ferdinand assassinated

    Archduke Ferdinand assassinated
    On his way to visit some of his attendants in the hospital after being injured in a failed assassination attempt, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophia assassinated by a Serbian terrorist named Gavrilo Princip. This was the first spark in the fireworks known as World War I.
  • Archduke Ferdinand

    Archduke Ferdinand
    He was the heir to Austro-Hungarian Empire. So he was a pretty important guy. But a lot of people wanted him dead. They wanted him to die so they could break off Austria-Hungary’s south-slave provinces so they could combine into Yugoslavia.
  • Period: to

    World War 1

  • Austria-Hungary declares war

    Austria-Hungary declares war
    Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
  • Russia announces full mobilization

    Russia announces full mobilization
    In support of Serbia in their war against Austria-Hungary, Russia announces full mobilization of her army. This is just Russia being a good ally and supporting Serbia.
  • Germany declares war

    Germany declares war
    In retaliation to Russia mobilizing her army and supporting Serbia, Germany officially mobilizes her armed forces. Germany also declares war on Russia in retaliation mobilizing her army.
  • War declared on France

    War declared on France
    Germany declares war on France
  • Belgium attacked

    Belgium attacked
    Germany declares war on Neutral Belgium. Then invades France with a right flanking move designed to defeat them quickly. As a result of this invasion, Britain declares war on Germany.
  • Austria-hungary declares war on Russia

    Austria-hungary declares war on Russia
    Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia!!! AHHH
  • First Trenches were dug

    First Trenches were dug
    The first trenches of the western front are dug. This was important because the majority of the battles were fought in trench wars. Trenches were used mainly for defensive purposes.
    http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/chapters/ch2_overview.html
    http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/chapters/ch1_trench.html
  • Christmas Truce

    Christmas Truce
    There was an unofficial truce between the soldiers.
  • Total War

    Total War
    At the beginning of this year the war became a total war.
    http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/chapters/ch2_war.html
  • Submarine Blockade

    Submarine Blockade
    Germany’s continues it’s aggressive naval policy, and Kaiser Willhelm proclaims the North Sea a war zone. With this proclamation all merchant ships, including those from neutral countries, were liable to sunk without warning.
  • Nine Month Battle

    Nine Month Battle
    The allies begin a nine-month battle for the Turkish peninsula of Gallipoli. The British and French were stout on capturing the Ottoman capital of Istanbul, also referred to as Constantinople, and secure a sea route to Russia. This attempted capture of Gallipoli was the first step in this operation.
  • Nicholas Takes Command

    Nicholas Takes Command
    After ruling Russia for 11 years, Tsar Nicholas takes command of the Russian army. This will in some terms destroy their army because of how aggressive he is in his military strategy.
  • Tsar Nicholas

    Tsar Nicholas
    Started his rule of power in 1894, he would then be in power until his abdication. He helped Russia go from a great power to an economy that struggled greatly. He had a wife, a son (next in line to the throne), and four daughters. He lived well while his country struggled, which made them not like him that much and finally pushed him to abdicate.
  • Allies Withdraw

    Allies Withdraw
    After nine months of battling for the Turkish Peninsula of Gallipoli, the allies withdraw their troops in defeat. The allies still ascertain their goal of capturing the capital of the Ottoman Empire in Constantinople.
  • British Conscription

    British Conscription
    Britain establishes conscription laws. These laws are the equivalent of our “draft” in the US. Britain is short on military servicemen and this is the only way that they can add to their forces.
  • Battle of Verdun

    Battle of Verdun
    The largest and longest battle of the war, the Battle of Verdun, is fought. It is the first total war with little to no trenches because of bombardments. The battle was fought to a draw with an estimated one million casualties.
  • Wilson Warns Germany

    Wilson Warns Germany
    President Wilson publicly warned Germany to not continue with their unrestricted submarine warfare policies.
  • Woodrow Wilson

    Woodrow Wilson
    He was the 28th president of the United States. He was the leader of a new world order and was the one to decide for the United States to enter World War 1. He would say that the reason for entering the war was to make the world “safe for democracy.” He was also a part of the “big four.”
  • Battle of Jutland

    Battle of Jutland
    The largest and most important naval engagement, the battle of Jutland, is fought in the North Sea of near Jutland, Denmark. It was the only full-scale clash of battleships in the war. With a combined 250 combat ships, the battle claimed 8,600 lives, and wounded over a thousand.
  • End of Battle of Jutland

    End of Battle of Jutland
  • Battle of the Somme

    Battle of the Somme
    Another large scale battle, the battle of Somme, had one million casualties. The allies barraged the German troops with over 100,000 shells per day. After weeks of this, the allies left the trenches going towards the Germans in no-mans land thinking that they had been defeated. The Germans took this opportunity to bring out their heavy machine guns and destroy everything in front of them. The allies ended making no overall advances.
  • End of the Battle of the Somme

    End of the Battle of the Somme
  • End of the Battle of Verdun

    End of the Battle of Verdun
  • Rasputin assassionated

    Rasputin assassionated
    After riots and inner conflict in allied Russia, the drunkard monk Rasputin is finally murdered by relatives of the tsar. They finally succeed in doing this after trying to poison him, and even shoot him, both times failing to kill him.
  • Rasputin

    Rasputin
    Known as the “Holy Man.” He was chosen to be a supreme mystic at court; because how he was able to heal the Tsars son. But Rasputin was everything but the “Holy Man” because he was a raging alcoholic and a sexoholic. He was always involved in sexual engagement because he thought that being exhausted from prolonged sex was the best way to get close to God.
  • Nicholas Abdicates

    Nicholas Abdicates
    A few months after Rasputin’s assassination, Tsar Nicholas II was forced to abdicate his throne. This happened after his army joined rioting workers that were demanding socialist reform. He and his family were currently being held waiting on a decision from the leaders.
  • Strike

    Strike
    After the failed offensive at Chemine des Dames, and the overall lack of allied success, over half a million French soldiers go on strike. This obviously reduces Frances military power, as the soldiers blatantly refuse to continue the offensive.
  • Wilson Declares War

    Wilson Declares War
    Despite President Wilson’s hope to stay neutral in that war, he asks for congress for a formal declaration of war on Germany. He did this in retaliation to Germany sinking the ship Lusitania, in which 1,198 civilians, including 128 Americans died.
  • French Launches Offense

    French Launches Offense
    The allied French forces launch a large scale offensive at Chemine des Dames. This attack was relatively unsuccessful with 250,000 friendly casualties. The worst part was they only advanced roughly 500 yards.
  • Selective Service Act

    Selective Service Act
    The United States, low on military power itself, passes the Selective Service Act. This allows the Federal Government to select individuals and enlist them in the armed forces. This is the draft.
  • End of Strike

    End of Strike
  • First Wave

    First Wave
    With our full involvement in the war, America’s first Expeditionary Force lands in France. Our involvement in the war helped Germany’s decision to surrender. It was not necessarily our in-battle success, but they realized how fast we could move large amounts of troops across the Atlantic and onto the battle field.
  • Third Battle of Ypres

    Third Battle of Ypres
    Another large scale battle with minimal results, the Third Battle of Ypres, also known as Passchendale, has over 700,000 casualties on both sides. This battle still ends with no breakthrough on the western front.
  • First Shot

    First Shot
    After being transported from America to France, the first American shots were fired in trench warfare. American Generals witnessing the killing of millions of allied forces led them to bring a new military strategy into effect. They tried to get troops to be more aggressive and mobile by moving into no-man’s land. Almost by design, the German machine gun completely wasted troops in no-man’s land.
  • Overthrow

    Overthrow
    The large lower class party of Bolshevik socialists overthrows the Russian government. This leads to the rise of communism in Russia. Which later turns out to be unsuccessful, who knew?
  • Vladimir Lenin

    Vladimir Lenin
    He was the man that led the Russian October revolution in 1917. He was the leader of the Bolshevik party and he established the first Communist government. He achieved this by overthrowing the Provisional government. Lenin actually changed his name in his younger years because he was running from the secret police. Vladimir had said that he would make the government pay for killing his brother and that’s what motivated him to become a revolutionist.
  • End of Third battle

    End of Third battle
  • Armistice

    Armistice
    The new Socialist government, led by Trotsky, signs an armistice, or temporary cease-fire, with Germany. This action could be taken one of two ways. The allies get angry with their ally not fighting, or they are pleased that we are moving closer to peace negotiations.
  • 14 Points

    14 Points
    President Woodrow Wilson brings forth his fourteen points. These can be best described by him, who calls them “a program for a world without imperialism or secret treaties, where self-determination and democracy would flourish, and where the voices of weak nations would be heard as loudly as those of the strong.”
  • First of Five

    First of Five
    In retaliation to America’s involvement in the war, Germany launches the March Offensive, which was an attempt to win the war in a hurry by a blitzkrieg offensive. Germany’s blitzkrieg basically consisted of them concentrating and mobilizing all their forces in an attempt to drive back Britain before the majority of American troops arrived in the trenches.
  • German Shells Land

    German Shells Land
    Germany sends shells that land on Paris.
    http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/chapters/ch3_overview.html
  • Germans Stopped

    Germans Stopped
    Germans are stopped by American forces on the banks of the Marne near Paris.
  • Tsar Family Killed

    Tsar Family Killed
    After being held by the Russian government, former Tsar Nicholas II, his family, and members of his political party are murder by the Bolsheviks. They were murdered after rumors of attempts to rescue them and insert them back into power.
  • Wilson Agrees

    Wilson Agrees
    President Wilson agrees to co-operate with Allies in sending volunteer troops into Russia.
  • Counter Offensives

    Counter Offensives
    After a long battle, the allied counter offensives on the Somme in France push the German army back and into a retreat. This victory is rejoiced as it is one of the first signs of allied victory.
  • Break Through

    Break Through
    One of the largest fortified areas for the German was the Hindenburg Line. This was one of the main points the allies needed to breech to have a fighting chance in this war. And on September 27th, they did this and captured the Knoll, Gillemont Farm, and Quennement Farm.
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates

    Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates
    After mutiny in some ranks of Germany’s imperial navy, Kaiser Willhem comprehends abdicating Germany’s throne thinking that he would still retain the Prussian Kingship. He is forced to abdicate without retaining control over any country.
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II

    Kaiser Wilhelm II
    Kaiser Wilhelm II was Germany’s last Kaiser. He strongly believed in making Germany’s military the strongest military in the world. The biggest thing that he wanted to do was make
    Germany’s navy equal to Britain’s royal navy. After the archduke was assassinated he helped push Austria-Hungary to seek revenge on Serbia. This helped start the First World War.
  • War Ends

    War Ends
    With no real progress being made on either side, the allies and Germany decide to sign an armistice. This was made possible by Kaiser Willhelm’s abdicating of the German throne. The armistice was signed on the 11th hour on the 11th day of the 11th month in 1918.
  • Wilson sets Sail

    Wilson sets Sail
    Following the armistices, a peace conference was set in Paris. President Woodrow Wilson on this day left for this conference via sailing. This conference involved diplomats from over 32 countries and nationalities, and was set up to discuss the latter armistices.
  • Home Sweet Home

    Home Sweet Home
    Demobilization of the armies. Millions of people get to return home to their families.
    http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/chapters/ch4_war.html
  • Military Intervention

    Military Intervention
    Allies military intervention in Russia is secretly agreed to.
  • Peace Treaty

    Peace Treaty
    The Treaty of Versailles is signed by German delegates and allies. The Treaty of Versailles was the only one of the treaties that ended the war. This treaty was only to end the war between the allied powers and Germany, the other Central Powers were dealt with in separate treaties.
    http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/chapters/ch4_hatred.html
  • Lloyd George

    Lloyd George
    An intelligent child that went on to do very well in school, he went onto college and became a lawyer. He joined the liberal party and was always involved in elections. He was a part of the “big four” and played a major role in the Peace Conference. To a large extent Lloyd basically shaped the final agreements that the conference came up with.
  • Vittorio Orlando

    Vittorio Orlando
    Vittorio Orlando was an Italian diplomat and a great political figure. He was also Italy’s prime minister during the ending of World War One. The Fourth member of the “big four” he wanted territorial concessions. But was unable to obtain them, he then left the conference early because of it.
  • George Clemenceau

    George Clemenceau
    He was the French prime minister twice. One term before the war and another one starting in November, 1917. As a part of the “big four” he wanted to completely humiliate Germany. He was actually unsatisfied with the agreements through the whole process and even afterward.