This was the first meeting by women to discuss women's rights. Women at this meeting split over the of the issue of the 14th and 15th amendments.
Suffragist leaders convinced state legislatures to grant women the right to vote. They achieved victory first in the territory of Wyoming.
Susan B. Anthony and other women attempted to vote 150 times in then states and the District of Columbia to test the !4th amendment, which declared that states denying their male citizens the right to vote would lose congressional representation.
Supreme Court Decision
The Supreme Court ruled in 1875 that women were indeed citizens- but then denied that citizenship automatically conferred the right to vote. This happened after Susan B. Anthony and other women attempted to vote 150 times in ten states and the District of Columbia.
United with NWSA after women split over the 14th and 15th amendment, which granted equal rights including the right to vote to African American men, but excluded women.
Carrie Chapman Catt
She was Susan B. Anthony's successor as president of NAWSA, she served from 1900 to 1904 and resumed the presidency. When she returned to NAWSA she concentrated on 5 tactics:.
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
Dangerous conditions, low wages, and long hours led many female industrial workers to push for reforms. Their ranks grew after 146 workers, mostly young women, died in a fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory in NYC.
New NAWSA Tactics
(1) painstaking organization; (2) close ties between local , state, and national workers; (3) establishing wide base of support; (4) cautious lobbying;(5) gracious,ladylike behavior.
More Radical Tactics
Lucy Burns and Alice Paul formed their own more radical organization, The Congressional Union. They pressured the federal government to pass a suffrage amendment. Alica Paul had organized her followers to mount a round-the-clock picket line around the White House.
Congress passed the 19th amendment , granting women the right to vote. The amendment won final ratification in August 1920- 70 years after women had first convened and demanded the right to vote at the Seneca Falls convention in 1848.