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Warfare Timeline

By kdawg43
  • 3000 BCE

    Bow and Arrow

    Bow and Arrow
    Ancient Egyptians adopted archery and used it for hunting, and/or warfare. The bow is a bent and curved form of wood that had a strong string tied to both ends. The arrows were held against the string, so that when pulled back and released, the arrow would pierce the subject that was shot at.
  • 3000 BCE

    Horses Being Domesticated

    Horses Being Domesticated
    Having horses presented many advantages. When horses were domesticated, it allowed people to have more speed and movement in battle. The people could travel further, and escape enemies as well.
  • Period: 1519 BCE to 1525 BCE

    Spanish Conquest of the Aztec Empire

    Hernan Cortes led a group of Spanish conquistadors, and they overthrew the Aztec Empire. Cortes helped old enemies of the Aztec people defeat them. This victory became one of the most important events in Spanish colonization of the Americas.
  • Period: 499 BCE to 449 BCE

    Greco Persian Wars

    The Greco Persian Wars were a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire and Greek city-states. These conflicts started in 499 BC and ended in 449 BC. The Athenians had built an Empire and won over the Persians.
  • Period: 431 BCE to 404 BCE

    The Peloponnesian War

    This ancient Greek war was fought by the Delian League (led by Athens) and the Peloponnesian League (led by Sparta). The War was won by Sparta, when Athens surrendered.
  • 300 BCE

    The Development of the Trebuchet

    The Development of the Trebuchet
    The Trebuchet was developed in China, and is an ancient war machine. This machine is a medieval device used for siege warfare. Trebuchets hurled large stones/boulders, and/or other missile-like objects.
  • Period: 264 BCE to 146 BCE

    Punic Wars

    The Punic Wars was a series of three wars, which was between Rome and Carthage. These were huge, major wars at the time, and were known to be the biggest battles for a long time. All three wars were won by Rome.
  • 904

    Invention of Gunpowder

    Invention of Gunpowder
    Gunpowder was invented in China during the 9th-Century. It spread quickly through Eurasia by the end of the 13th-Century. Gunpowder was first used in warfare around the year 904 A.D.
  • Period: 1095 to 1492


    The Crusades was a series of religious wars, which were sanctioned by the Latin Church. This occurred in the medieval period. There were campaigns that aimed to recover Holy land from Muslim rule.
  • 1300

    Development of the First Hand Cannon

    Development of the First Hand Cannon
    The hand cannon was created in China and was widely used throughout the 13th-Century. Europe then adapted using the hand cannon in the 14th-Century and used it until about the 1560s. This is the first true firearm to be made. Powder was put in the cannon, and was lit by matches, red-hot iron rods, and/or smoldered wood. There were rocks, pebbles, arrows, and spherical objects used as projectiles. Not too long after, they were replaced by iron balls from the late 14th-Century and 15th-Century.
  • 1300

    Invention of the Longbow

    Invention of the Longbow
    The longbow was created by the Celts around 1180. This weapon wasn't used in warfare until the 1300s. The English used this bow, which was approximately 6 feet tall and was 5/8 inch wide. The wood was strong and gave the archer a longer draw.
  • Period: 1337 to 1453

    One Hundred Years War

    This war was a series of conflicts waged by the House of Plantagenet-rulers of the Kingdom of England- towards the French House of Valois. Both sides drew many allies into the war. This battle was to see who ruled France, and at the end, France ended up winning back many areas they lost to Britain.
  • Period: to

    Thirty Years War

    This war was primarily fought in Central Europe and was one of the most destructive wars in human history. The war resulted in 8 million deaths, due to: military engagements, violence, famine, and plague. Germany, France, Spain, and Sweden were involved in the war, but Germany was split into many territories and Netherlands got independence from Spain.
  • Period: to

    English Civil War

    A chain of civil wars were occurring between the Parliamentarians, and the Royalists. These wars were based from political beliefs, such as principally over the manner of England's governance.
  • The Development of the Flintlock Musket

    The Development of the Flintlock Musket
    The flintlock muskets were developed and used by European armies in warfare between 1660 and 1840. This musket is a muzzle-loaded, smoothbore, long gun, and was loaded with a round lead ball. People used the flintlock musket to also hunt.
  • Development of the Submarine

    Development of the Submarine
    The original sketch of the submarine was by Leonardo da Vinci in 1515. In 1578, a man named William Bourne drafted the first design for the craft. The first successful submarine was built by Cornelius Drebbel in 1620. The first submarine to be used in warfare was the craft Turtle during the Revolutionary War. On the day of September 7th, 1776, the Americans used a submarine craft and attempted to place a time bomb on a British flagship.
  • Period: to

    Napoleonic Wars

    Napoleon I lead the French Empire and its allies against many European powers. These wars were caused by the French Revolution and were officially won by the group of allies: Great Britain, Russia, Prussia, Austria, and the Portuguese.
  • Development of the Revolver Handgun

    Development of the Revolver Handgun
    The revolver was created in 1835, by Samuel Colt. He submitted a British, and American, Patent number (number 138) on February 25, 1836. His first production models were made on March 5th of that year. The guns were then used in ways of warfare, hunting, and/or duels.
  • Period: to

    The Taiping Rebellion

    This rebellion consisted of political and religious upheavals. Throughout this time period, the rebellion irreversibly altered the Qing dynasty. This was known as a successful uprising and was a big part of China's awakening.
  • Development of the Machine Gun

    Development of the Machine Gun
    The first rapid-fire guns were the gatling guns. They were used in the Civil War. They depended on an operator to crank out the bullets. The first machine gun was developed by Hiram Maxim in 1835. This gun used a recoil system that fired up to 500 rounds per minute.
  • Period: to

    The American Civil War

    The American Civil War was a war fought in the United States, between the North and the South. The war was caused by arguments of what type of government the United States should have, and arguments about whether or not they can have slaves.
  • The Invention of the First Iron-Clad Warship

    The Invention of the First Iron-Clad Warship
    The first Iron-Clad Warship was launched by the French Navy. The British responded by developing and launching an Iron-Clad Warship in 1860. Both nations had at least 16 Iron-Clad Warships that were either in service, or in development by 1862. The first battle an Iron-Clad was used in was on the dates March 8th, 1862 and March 9th, 1862. This battle was between France and Great Britain.
  • Period: to

    Boxer Rebellion

    There was a Chinese secret organization, and that organization didn't agree with the spread of Western and Japanese influence there. This organization was called the Society of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists and led an uprising to prevent the spread of those influences.
  • Development of the First Fighter Aircraft

    Development of the First Fighter Aircraft
    The U.S. developed the first military aircraft in 1909. Italy also created a military aircraft in 1911. They developed and used a variety of types in reconnaissance, photo-reconnaissance, and bombing roles during the Italo-Turkish War. The Italo-Turkish War was the first war that ever used military aircraft. The first war airplane ever entered into World War 1 was used to observe enemy activity.
  • Period: to

    World War I

    World War I was the first global war to occur in history. A vast majority of the countries took part in this war, because there are so many countries who have allies. The allies were brought into the war to defend for their friended countries. The war was triggered by the assassination of the Austrian archduke, Franz Ferdinand and his wife.
  • The Development of the First Tank

    The Development of the First Tank
    The first prototype was launched on September 6th, 1915 by England. It weighed 14 tons, and had issues. England then launched other developed tanks on September 15th, 1916 in battle. Many broke down during the battle, but nearly a third of them succeeded in breaking through.
  • Period: to

    Russian Civil War

    This war tore Russia apart for three years. The different parties all had different point of views on how Russia should be ran. There were militias, communists, and monarchists. The communists won and established Russia's government as so.
  • Period: to

    World War II

    This was another global war, which contained a vast majority of the World's countries. There were two opposing military alliances: the Axis and Allies. This war started when Germany invaded Poland, which lead France and Britain to declare war on the nazi country. Eventually, the battle started pulling in more allies.
  • The Use of the First Atomic Bomb

    The Use of the First Atomic Bomb
    During World War II, an American B-29 bomber dropped the world's first atomic bomb over Japan's city, Hiroshima. This explosion caused around a total of 140,000 deaths.
  • Period: to

    Cold War

    The Cold War was a time period of geopolitical tension. This war was between the Soviet Union and the United States. The tension was caused by the Soviet Union's satellite states, and the United States with their allies after World War II. The United States and the Soviet Union had a space race, but The Soviets accomplished that first. The United States completed a journey to the moon before the Soviets did though.
  • The Development of the AK-47

    The Development of the AK-47
    Design work on the AK-47 began in 1945 and was created by Mikhail Kalashnikov. The Soviet Union Military decided to take and use the AK-47s for battle.
  • When The First Hydrogen Bomb Was Tested

    When The First Hydrogen Bomb Was Tested
    There were a series of thermonuclear tests conducted by the United States in November 1952. This was operation IVY and took place on the small Pacific Island of Elugelab at Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands. The explosion was successful.
  • Period: to

    Rwandan Genocide

    The Genocide against the Tutsi was a bloodbath. There was a mass slaughter of the Tutsi, Twa, and moderate Hutu in Rwanda. The genocide took place during the Rwandan Civil War.
  • Period: to

    Second Congo War

    This war began in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This war shared some of the same issues as the first war. The war was driven by the trade in conflict minerals, among other things. The war ended when the Transitional Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo took power.
  • The Development of the M.O.A.B. (Mother Of All Bombs

    The Development of the M.O.A.B. (Mother Of All Bombs
    The MOAB was first tested on the date of March 3rd, 2003 on Range 70 located at Eglin Air Force Base in Florida. It was tested again on the 21st of November in the year of 2003. Since 2003, there are 15 bombs that have been manufactured at the McAlester Army Ammunition Plant in McAlester, Oklahoma. This bomb is the most powerful bomb used in combat as measured by the weight of its explosive material.