By sofía.
  • Industrial Revolution beggining

    Industrial Revolution beggining
    It was a process of mainly techonological and economical, but also social, transformation which started in Great Britain.
    It was the biggest change since the Neolithic, marking and inflection point in history.
  • Watt's steam engine

    Watt's steam engine
    In 1764, James Watt was asked to repair the Newcomen steam engine, but he observed that it was inefficient because of the big amount of steam it wasted. He improved this machine, with the help of Matthew Boulton, during the next years until 1790.
  • Independence of the US

    Independence of the US
    After a long war and a defeat at Yorktown, Britain recognised the colonies' independence and George Washington became the first president of the United States in 1789
  • French Revolution

    French Revolution
    It is a period that lasts 10 years and it's divided into three phases: The Constitutional Monarchy (1789-1792), The Social Republic (1792-1794) and The Conservative Republic (1794-1799)
  • Napoleon Empire

    Napoleon Empire
    It takes place from 1804 to 1815. During this time, Napoleon tried to conquest Europe and was crowned emperor by the Pope. One of the of the most famous battles is The Austerlitz in 1806. French troops seemed unstoppable, but eventually Napoleon was sent into exile on Saint Helena, where he died
  • The War of Independence

    The War of Independence
    It started as a popular revolt wich spreaded rapidly across the country. The people was angry because of the French occupation. It ended in 1813, with the Treaty of Valençay and Ferdinand VII as king
  • Spanish- American Independence

    Spanish- American Independence
    A series of wars that took place in American territories of Spain. They were the people who wanted the independence against the people who were in favor of the Spanish monarchy. The independists won, so new countries appeared and Spain lost a lot of its territories.
  • Luddism

    It was a movement headed by English artisans against industrialisation. They were the first workers to protest and to do it they destroyed machinery. They were called the Luddities and they believed that the machinery was responsible for low wages and unemployment.
  • The Constitution of Cádiz

    The Constitution of Cádiz
    It is known as "La Pepa", and it was the first constitution of Spain and one of the most liberal of that time. It was officially in force for two years, until the return of Ferdinad VII to the crown
  • Congress of Vienna

    Congress of Vienna
    The Congress of Vienna established the ideological principles of the Restoration, like legitimacy of the absolute monarchs or the denial of national sovreignty. It was made up by the powers that defeated Napoleon
  • Ferdinand VII

    Ferdinand VII
    It was also called "The Desired", he was son of Charles IV and ascended to the throne after the Tumult of Aranjuez. In fact, he only was king that year during a few months, because Napoleon overthrew him and put his brother, Joseph, as king. In 1814, he came back, abolished the Constitution of Cádiz and became a monarch until his death
  • 1820 Revolution

    1820 Revolution
    It was the first revolutionary cicle in Europe after the napoleonic wars and it's ideological axis were liberalism and nacionalism
  • The Liberal Triennium

    The Liberal Triennium
    It started with the pronouncement of Riego, which made Ferdinand VII accept the Constitution of Cádiz. It was a revolucionary moment, but ended with in 1823, when Ferdinand VII abolished the Constitution, disolved "Cortes" and restablished an absolut monarchy
  • First Trade Union

    First Trade Union
    The First Trade Union united workers in the same field. It was created due to the reapeal of the laws prohibiting workers' associations in England.
  • Stephenson's locomotive

    Stephenson's locomotive
    It used a steam engine to generate continuous motion of the wheels. This locomotive could carry more passengers and goods in less time and at a lower cost, which boosted and helped many aspects, like trade.
  • 1830 Revolution

    1830 Revolution
    The movement began in France when Charles X was overthrown in July 1830. Louis Philipe became the new constitutional monarch. Absolutism was replaced by liberal political systems governed by a constitution
  • Isabella II

    Isabella II
    She came to the throne when she was just 3 years old, but mother took the regency until she was 13. Before that, a war for the succesion of the throne started, because the crown was disputed by her uncle Charles and her. It was teh Carlist War. During her reign, Spain transitioned from and absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy
  • 1848 Revolution

    1848 Revolution
    It is also called " the Spring of Nations" and showed how countries under the control of empires wanted to pursue the idea of nationalism and the creation of new liberal goverments
  • Communist Manifesto

    Communist Manifesto
    It was written in 1847 by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. It had 23 pages and recognised the communists as a political force in Europe, presenting their concepts, purposes and tendencies. It reflects the previous funds to marxism.
  • First International

    First International
    The First International is an association whose founders were among the most powerful British and French trade-union leaders of the moment. It was made up of labour leaders and it was founded in London. Its official name is "International Working Men’s Association". It dissolved in Philadelphia in 1876.
  • Italina unification

    Italina unification
    The liberal monarchy of Piedmont-Sardinia satrted the unification process in 1859. In 1861, Victor Manuel II of Savoy was proclamed king of Italy and the nwely unified state established its capital in Rome
  • German unification

    German unification
    In 1861, the first moves to the unification were made as Wilhem I became king of Prussia and made Otto von Bismarck chancellor. Prussia declared three wars ( to Austria, Denmark and France) and was victorious in all of them, making the unifictaion possible. Wilhem I was proclaimed Kaiser of the Second German Empire
  • I Republic

    I Republic
    It was the political form of goverment in Spain until January 1874, when a coup led by Genral Pavía disssolved the "Cortes" and made Genral SErrano head of state.
  • The bourbon restoration

    The bourbon restoration
    It was characterized for an institutional stability and the construction of a liberal model of State, which emerged from the Industrial Revolution. It was based in four pillars: king, "Cortes", Constitution and "turn" (meaning the change of goverments in a pacific way).
  • Bloody Sunday

    Bloody Sunday
    It was a massacre by the Russian Imperial Garde against group of workers led by priest Gapon. They marched to the czar's Winter Palace to make their demands. Up to 200 people were killed.
  • Balkan Wars

    Balkan Wars
    There were two wars in the Balkan States. The Ottoman's Empire lost its territories in Europe after 624 years. In the First Balkan War, Greece, Serbia, Montenegro and Bulgaria declared war upon the Ottoman Empire and defeated it,In the Second Balkan War, Bulgaria fought against the four countries of the first war and an attack from Romania
  • First World War

    First World War
  • February Revolution

    February Revolution
  • October Revolution

    October Revolution
  • Teatry of Brest-Litvsk

    Teatry of Brest-Litvsk
  • Teatry of Versailles

    Teatry of Versailles
  • League of Nations

    League of Nations