The Monroe Doctrine warned people to not interfere with western hemispheres affairs.Represented nationalism, and greatly influenced American foreign policy. Later allowed for a justification of the sphere of control.
Spheres of influence
Area of one country under control of another country, both politically and economically.
A group of anti-imperialist who came together. Believed expansion was against consent of the governed and the principles of liberty. Opposed the idea of war with the US with Spanish trying to win Cubas freedom from Spain.
Open door policy
US foreign policy statement to china trying to create more trade opportunities. Also allowed to expand trade markets for an increase in goods.
Russo Japanese war
Russia and Japan were fighting over Korea [imperialist ambitions], Roosevelt held peace negotiations
Highlighted the gruesome facts about the meat packing industry, in hopes of achieving change by drawing attention to it.
Pure Food and drug act
A law that called for the inspection of meat products and wouldn't allow the selling of adulterer foods and lethal medicines.
The main goal of the NAACP was to get rid of racial discrimination. Gain rights for African Americans. Got grandfather clause ruled unconstitutional.
The direct election of senators by the voters instead of election by state legislatures.
Improved levels of production and worker productivity. Created by Henry Ford to help companies.
Allowed the imposition of income taxes.
Federal reserve act
created banks that allowed for money to be lent out. The First Central banking system since 1836.Had power to print money.
Response to sinking the Sussex ship. Promised that no attacks would be made without warnings. Germany soon retracted this pledge and went back to unrestricted warfare.
People faced fines/imprisonments for obstructing war efforts. Upheld with Schenck v. US. First amendment rights may be limited. Punished people for aiding the enemy.
Provided Filipino independence and universal male suffrage.Puerto Ricans were granted some rights and established a Senate and House in PR.
Americans grew afraid of communist, radicals and foreigners are targeted
fine/imprisonment to discourage sale of war bonds or disparage military, govt, or constitution
National war labor board
A group of representatives from business and labor in hopes of settling disputes between workers and employers. Settled labor difficulties that might hinder on the war efforts.
treaty of Versailles
Created to solve problems that arose from World War 1. Demanded that Germany dismantle the military and give land to Poland and also made them pay reparations.
Federal Marshalls raided suspected radicals homes and radical headquarters.
Enforced the 18th amendment. prohibiting the sale of alcohol.
League of Nations
Assembly with seats for all nations. The US didn't want to join the league because it took away self-determination and congress couldn't decide on if they should go to war.
Sacco & Venzetti
1921 court case involving poor anarchist italian immigrants. Convicted of murder because the people who did it looked Italian. The verdict reflected anti-immigrant anti-radical ideas.
blossoming of African American culture in NYC Harlem, showed pride and cultures of African Americans
Teapot dome scandal
Harding administration scandal in which a secretary profited from secret leasing to private oil companies of government oil reserves.
Plan to revive German economy, US loans money and would then be payed back through reparations. Attempt to pay off the damages of world war 1.
Trial about the teaching of evolution in a classroom, in rural areas showed fundamentalism.
triumph of the 1920s peace movement, linked 62 nations in the "outlawry of war"
Stock market failed, One of the signs leading to the Great Depression.
Loss of vegetation, soil became dust and eroded mainly because of unsuitable farming conditions or droughts.
Hawley Smoot tariff
A high tariff made during the Great Depression. that was placed on imported goods. Originally made to assist farmers but was soon the highest protective tariff.
Repealed 18th amendment..each state has the power to ban the making and selling of alcoholic beverages within its borders.
Good Neighbor policy
Withdrawal of American military from foreign places in hope of improving international relations and bringing together the Western Hemisphere
Changed the date in which the terms of president, Vice President, senators and representatives start to finish.
FDR, increased power of the state and the states intervention in US social and Economic life
social security act
made sure there was retirement payments for enrolled workers at the age of 65.
insurance collection of payments throughout career= Monthly payments to people over 65 years, unemployed, disabled, single moms
Spanish civil war
War between US, Cuba and Spain. Cuba gained independence and US annexed Puerto Rico, Guam, and Phillipines
called for positive endeavors to quarantine aggressors by economic bans... opposed by isolationists
Fair Labor standards act
Regulated minimum wage and the maximum amount of hours for interstate commerce... outlawed labor by children by children under 16
Secret research and development done by the US for an atomic bomb... success granted US bombs that helped win war with Japan
Hitlers attempt to ensure German supremacy... discriminated among a lot of different people had concentration camps with barbaric camps
Pearl Harbor act
Japanese military attacked a US naval base and killed many... soon after the US declared war [Germany and Italy attacked US as well] ... only way to prevent anarchy
Lend Lease act
US would lend weapons to overseas countries who would finish the job of the fighting and keep war overseas from the US
Four Freedoms speech
FDR proposed 4 points of fundamental freedoms humans everywhere should enjoy
like FDR 4 freedom speech, agreement between America and Britain but not an alliance, gave freedom of trade and seas, no territory change and right of people to chose their government
Battle of Midway
4 day battle where US was victorious in the end and regained control of the central pacific
FDR, Stalin and Churchill agreed to go to war with Japan after an allied victory. Agreed on invasion of France.
million troops stormed Normandy beaches and started to retake France, WW2 turning point.
was formed in order to start conversations between nations to prevent further world wars
FDR, Stalin and Churchill agreed in surrender of Nazi Germany... Russia agreed to declare war on Japan, and in return USSR concession in Manchuria and territories lost in Russo-Japanese War