American History ll

  • Fort Sumter (The War Starts)

    Fort Sumter (The War Starts)
    There were 7 states that had been seceded from the union. The first one was South Carolina. They had demanded they leave because they are no longer apart of the U.S. Major Robert Anderson and his men didn’t want to leave, they refused to. And so Lincoln gives them food and clothes, then that causes the South to begin firing on the fort. Finally the U.S. soldiers backed down and left Fort Sumter. It became the first victory of the South. It wasn’t a battle but it was the start of the war.
  • The Battle of Antietam

    The Battle of Antietam
    It was the “bloodiest single day of the war”. This battle was Souths first attempt to invade the north the union soldiers had found a paper of Lee’s military plans. It had been three major areas that they’ve fought in. The battle was a draw but it was still counted as a northern victory because the south retreated. It was between 20,000 to maybe 25,000 casualties.
  • End of War (Appomattox)

    End of War (Appomattox)
    General Lee had registered that he had no choice but to surrender to General Grant. They had met in Wilmer McLeans home to make the defeat official. General Grant took Lees surrender kindly and let them keep their possessions and horses.
  • Freedmen Bureau

    Freedmen Bureau
    They were the ones who provided food, clothes, jobs etc. The northern abolitionist had risked their lives to help southern freedmen. The scalawag was a name given to the southern who supported the shift in Congress and army they had a allied with the carpetbaggers also known as Northerners who took part in regions and political economic rebirth.
  • The Grandftaher Clause

    The Grandftaher Clause
    This was the day that you could use the grandfather clause. This clause allowed whites to vote, but not slaves. If they used this clause they wouldn't have to take the literacy test but in order for you to use it, your grandfather or father would've had voted in his time.
  • America bought Alaska from Russia

    America bought Alaska from Russia
    William Seward who was secretary of state had bought Alaska from Russia. They spent 72 million dollars for Alaska. it was two cents an acre. Americans referred to this purchase as "Seward Icebox" because they thought Alaska was a wasteland. The check was issued on August 1, 1868.
  • Johnson’s Impeachment

    Johnson’s Impeachment
    Johnson replaced generals in the field who were pitying to the radical reconstruction. The house impeached him later on before drawing up charges by 126 to 47 but it was up to the Senate. It was an 11 week trial. He was one vote short so he stayed and finished his term, he turned out to be a weak president who can’t disobey Congress orders.
  • Transcontinental Railroad

    Transcontinental Railroad
    The first completion of the transcontinental railroad. The two railroads, The Union Pacific Railroad and The Central Pacific Railroad were met from thePromontory Point, Utah. Both President Stanford and Durant of both railroads swung at the last gold spike.
  • The Barbed Wire

    The Barbed Wire
    Joseph Glidden had wanted to invent something with wire so that the cattles wouldn't roam free anymore so after he had gotten a patent for a new invention that he said was a new improvement. It was a wire that was twisted with another short wire with spikes. Later on, after he had invented the Barbed Wire everyone had started using them and it became popular.
  • Compromise of 1877

    Compromise of 1877
    Rutherford B Hayes became president on this day. He got elected by the Southern States. Hayes takes away soldiers and deserts the situations of southern black politics.
  • Standard Oil Trust

    Standard Oil Trust
    John D Rockefeller had formed the Standard Oil Trust controlling almost all oil production, processing, marketing, and transportation in the United States.
  • The Brooklyn Bridge

    The Brooklyn Bridge
    The Brooklyn Bridge was opened on this day. It was the longest bridge in the world. They didn't know when it was gonna end. It was designed by John Roebling. His son's wife was involved in finishing the bridge when they couldn't. She was the first to cross the bridge all the way.
  • Statue of Liberty

    Statue of Liberty
    The Statue of Liberty was dedicated on this day. This Statue was a sign of friendship between America and France. It was also a gift because of the 100 year anniversary of the American Revolution. The Statue of Liberty was designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, a French artist. He thought it was a good "gateway to America".
  • The Wounded Knee

    The Wounded Knee
    On this day the U.S. Army’s Cavalry had surrounded a bunch of Ghost Dancers and a Lakota Sioux chief, near Wounded Knee Creek, they wanted them to submit their weapons. When they were doing that a fight broke out between an Indian and a U.S. soldier there were shots fired. It was referred to as a battle but it was just a tragic and not so important massacre.
  • The First Person through Ellis Island

    The First Person through Ellis Island
    Annie Moore was the first immigrant to enter United States through Ellis Island. She had to go through a whole process but in the end she still made it. She was given a ten-dollar gold piece, a silver coin, and a five-dollar gold piece before she made it to her parents.
  • Plessy vs Ferguson

    Plessy vs Ferguson
    The Supreme Court was a landmark that had made the decision "separate but equal" The case was from an 1892 incident in which Homer Plessy train passenger had refused to sit in a car for blacks.
  • Sinking of the Maine

    Sinking of the Maine
    This day there was an explosion where the battleship U.S.S. Maine in the Havana, Cuba harbor was sinking killing 260 members. Spain had been accused of this action.
  • The End of The Spanish American War

    The End of The Spanish American War
    This day was the end of the Spanish American War. To stop this war they had a treaty with Paris and in the end, gave Cuba its independence and also cede important Spanish possessions to the U.S. They gave them control of Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philipines. Spain had received $20 million dollars. The US was recognized as a world power.
  • War in Philipines

    War in Philipines
    The war started on this day because the Filipinos were furious with the U.S. for not giving them the independence they wanted. That is why Emilio Aguinaldo and his troops had wanted to fight against the U.S. The war had ended after two years in 1901.
  • The Ships Manifest/Ellis Island

    The Ships Manifest/Ellis Island
    The ships manifest was very important. there were passengers that had been given manifest tags so the inspectors could easily find their information. After that they would just get the bags checked to look for any thing suspicious then they were brought to ellis island.
  • Theodore Roosevelt for President

    Theodore Roosevelt for President
    After Mckinely died Roosevelt became president six weeks after. He was known to be the youngest president at the time. He made the office look better to the public eye.
  • NAACP Started

    NAACP Started
    NAACP is National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Their goal was to have full equality among the races in court and their system. There was a number of African Americans and prominent white reformers that were formed. The NAACP was really succeeded they had 6,000 members.
  • The Bull Moose Party

    The Bull Moose Party
    The convention delegates nominated Taft and unhappy republicans came together to create a third party called the progressive party and nominated Roosevelt. Its nickname was The Bull Moose party.
  • The Women Suffrage Parade

    The Women Suffrage Parade
    On this day, it was the official program for when the protest began against the political organization, that women are excluded from. It was also a non-violent protest.
  • World War l Began

    World War l Began
    This was the day World War l began also known as "The Great War." It was after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, this is that ignited the war. there were central powers involved like, Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Ottoman Empire. There had also been Allies which were France, U.S., Great Britain, Italy, and Japan. Germany was the first to declare war with the allied countries.
  • New Women's Party went to picket the White House

    New Women's Party went to picket the White House
    The New Women's Party lasted about six days and they took banners, posters, etc. They had wanted to demand the right to vote as women. They wanted to come peacefully as well.
  • America joined The Great War

    America joined The Great War
    It took a lot of convincing for America to join the war. All America wanted to do was stay out of people's problems but until Germany started telling them to pick a side and if they didn't choose wisely they would sink all American ships and they also gave them the Zimmerman note America picked the allies and provided a lot of power.
  • The Battle of Belleau

    The Battle of Belleau
    This battle was an attempt for U.S. forces to get ahead of Germany. It was the first large scale battle that American soldiers had been through. It ended later on with the allies winning but there was also 10,000 of soldiers injured, dead, or missing.
  • End of World War l

    End of World War l
    This day was when the central powers were tired of fighting and wanted a treaty with the allies. Which was the treaty of Versailles, signed between both sides. The treaty ended with Germany having land taken away from them, Germany's military dismantled, Germany had to make payment to the countries that were harmed, and Germany was to take all the blame. America ended up as a world power, became a creditor nation, and the citizens were isolated by European issues.
  • The 19th Amendment

    The 19th Amendment
    On this day was when the 19th amendment became a part of the U.S. Constitution. Tennessee was the last to ratify it and the 36th state. The passage is, "The right of citizens if the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or by any state on account of sex."
  • Bootleggers Smuggling

    Bootleggers Smuggling
    These people were known for smuggling in liquor. These groups of people smuggled through the Caribbean and Canada, they were the cause of the 18th amendment to be repealed. They got so much attention that the crime gangster Al Capone was encouraged to be the famous bootlegger that smuggled liquor.
  • Scopes Trial

    Scopes Trial
    There was a law that didn’t allow evolution to be taught. Obviously John Scopes didn’t listen so he went against the law. There was a promise from ACLU to always defend teachers so scopes got a very good lawyer on this day he was fined $100.
  • Ku Klux Klan

    Ku Klux Klan
    The KKK was a big group of members who were to preserve the U.S. for white native born Protestants. On this day they went parading in Washington D.C. They were a group of members that targeted a lot of people.
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    The stock market crashed there were $26 billion lossed and the stock values dropped. Many people panicked and they wanted to sell their stocks as quick as possible so they wouldn’t lose their investments. This event was a system of the Great Depression not a cause.
  • The Smoot Harley Tariff Act of 1930

    The Smoot Harley Tariff Act of 1930
    This act was mad to raise U.S. imports up to 50% they believed it would make Americans buy more goods and keep them employed.
  • The Revenue Act of 1932

    The Revenue Act of 1932
    This act was created by President Hoover and was for income tax increase. Hoover hoped this act would help the government spending but this decision became a fail and a disaster. It took money from people which made them reduce their spending.
  • Bonus Army Protest

    Bonus Army Protest
    This was the day the veterans had protested for not getting their bonus and they were also evacuated with tanks and cavalry. Only four veterans were killed.
  • The Dust Bowl Beginning

    The Dust Bowl Beginning
    There was a dust storm that had damaged a lot of states. By having farmlands the Dust storm became worst, with the loose soil and high winds it helped damage more. Almost 2.5 million people lost their homes which caused them to travel around the United States walking on lonely roads.
  • Alaska became a state in America

    Alaska became a state in America
    President Eisenhower signed the proclamation admitting Alaska to the U.S. After the stroke of noon Alaska was gonna be a state in America since everything had already been taken care of.
  • Hawaii became a state In America

    Hawaii became a state In America
    Hawaii was signed off to America as the 50th state. American plantation owners overthrew the queen and got the U.S. to annex. America thought it would be a great port way and they also wanted their naval base.
  • Election of 1872

    Election of 1872
    There was a presidential election and Grant was to be re-nominated in 1872 in the Republican national convention. But he was attacked as a fool then later died after the election. So the votes had been divided between the other five candidates.