Vietnam War Timeline

  • Domino Theory coined- Eisenhower - inlight of Vietnam

    Domino Theory coined- Eisenhower - inlight of Vietnam
    The domino theory was a Cold War policy that suggested a communist government in one nation would quickly lead to communist takeovers in neighboring states, each falling like a row of dominos.
  • Geneva Accords

    Geneva Accords
    US troops guarding communist captives in the Korean War violated the Geneva convention on treating prisoners of war and regarded them as "oriental cattle", a confidential British report concluded.
  • Assassination of Diem

    Assassination of Diem
    His brutal treatment of the opposition to his regime alienated the South Vietnamese populace, notably Buddhists. In 1963 he was murdered during a coup d'état by some of his generals.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    On August 7, 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, authorizing President Johnson to take any measures he believed were necessary to retaliate and to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia.
  • LBJ ordered 1st troops to Vietnam

    LBJ ordered 1st troops to Vietnam
    President Lyndon B. Johnson announces that he has ordered an increase in U.S. military forces in Vietnam, from the present 75,000 to 125,000. Johnson also said that he would order additional increases if necessary.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    At the end of the Tet Offensive, both sides had endured losses, and both sides claimed victory. The U.S. and South Vietnamese military response almost completely eliminated the NLF forces and regained all of the lost territory.
  • My Lai Massacre

    My Lai Massacre
    The angry and frustrated men of Charlie Company entered the Vietnamese village of My Lai. "This is what you've been waiting for "search and destroy - and you've got it," said their superior officers. A short time later the killing began.
    The My Lai Massacre was an incident that occurred when American soldiers killed more than 500 unarmed South Vietnamese citizens in the village of My Lai. Thaun and her children were just among just six people who survived in the ditch.
  • Nixon’s Vietnamization policy

    Nixon’s Vietnamization policy
    The administration introduced the policy of "Vietnamization," a program designed to shift the responsibility of the war from the U.S. to the South Vietnamese, allowing the United States to gradually withdraw its troops from Vietnam.
  • Nixon sends troops into Cambodia

    Nixon sends troops into Cambodia
    In order to buy time with the American people, Nixon began to withdraw forces from Vietnam, meeting with South Vietnam's President Nguyen Van Thieu on Midway Island on June 8, to announce the first increment of redeployment. From that point on, the U.S. troop withdrawal never ceased.
  • Kent State shooting

    Kent State shooting
    On May 4, 1970, members of the Ohio National Guard fired into a crowd of Kent State University demonstrators, killing four and wounding nine Kent State students. The impact of the shootings was dramatic. At the end of a criminal investigation, a federal court dropped all charges lead against eight Ohio National Guardsmen for their role in the Kent State students' deaths.
  • Hard Hat Riot

    Hard Hat Riot
    In response to flag desecration within the anti-war movement and perceived rejection of returning veterans, it started around noon when around 400 construction workers and around 800 office workers attacked around 1,000 demonstrators affiliated with the student strike of 1970.
  • Nixon’s Christmas bombing

    Nixon’s Christmas bombing
    The bombings continued until December 29, which at the time the North Vietnamese agreed to resume the talks. A few weeks later, the final Paris Peace Treaty was signed and the Vietnam War came to a close, ending the U.S. role in a conflict that seriously damaged the domestic Cold War consensus among the American public.
  • Paris Peace Accords

    Paris Peace Accords
    The settlement included a cease fire throughout Vietnam. The United States agreed to the withdrawal of all U.S. troops and advisors (totaling about 23,700) and the dismantling of all U.S. bases within 60 days. In return, the North Vietnamese agreed to release all U.S. and other prisoners of war.
  • War Powers Act

    War Powers Act
    Was an act that checked and limited the power of the president by requiring the approval of congress to put American troops in combat areas.
  • Saigon Falls

    Saigon Falls
    The loss of the battle of Saigon also marked the fall of South Vietnam entirely. Effectively, the fall of Saigon ended the Vietnam War for all parties invovled and led to the reunification of the country under the communist government of the North.