Vietnam War By downiebrowine52 May 7, 1954 Vietnamese forces occupy French command post in Dien Bien Phu Period: Jan 1, 1959 to Dec 31, 1959 North Vietnamese form a group to create a supply route from North Vietnam to Vietcong forces in South Vietnam Period: Oct 31, 1961 to Dec 1, 1961 President John F. Kennedy orders more help for the South Vietnamese government Dec 11, 1961 American helicopters arrive at docks in South Vietnam with 400 U.S. personnel, to fly and maintain aircraft. Jan 1, 1962 Operation Ranchhand begins The goal of Ranchhand is to clear vegetation alongside highways, making it more difficult for the Vietcong to conceal themselves for ambushes. Jan 12, 1962 Operation Chooper Helicopters flown by U.S. Army pilots ferry 1,000 South Vietnamese soldiers to sweep a stronghold near Saigon. America's first combat missions against the Vietcong. Jan 2, 1963 The Vietcong's 514th Battalion and local guerrilla forces ambush South Vietnamese Army's 7th division. Period: Apr 1, 1964 to Jun 1, 1964 American air power in Southeast Asia is massively reinforced. Jul 30, 1964 South Vietnamese commandos attack two small North Vietnamese islands in the Gulf of Tonkin. Aug 4, 1964 The captain of the U.S.S. Maddox reports his vessel has been fired at, and an attack is imminent. Aug 7, 1964 The U.S. congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. Period: Oct 1, 1964 to Oct 31, 1964 China, North Vietnam's neighbor and ally, successfully tests an atomic bomb. Nov 1, 1964 Vietcong mortars shell Bien Hoa Air Base near Saigon. Period: Jan 1, 1965 to Feb 7, 1965 Vietcong forces mount a series of attacks across South Vietnam. Feb 7, 1965 A U.S. helicopter base in South Vietnam is attacked by NLF commandos. Feb 10, 1965 A Vietcong-placed bomb explodes in a hotel in Qui Nonh, killing 23 American servicemen. Feb 13, 1965 President Johnson authorizes Operation Rolling Thunder. Mar 2, 1965 The first bombing raids of Rolling Thunder are flown. Apr 3, 1965 An American campaign against North Vietnam's transport system begins. Apr 7, 1965 U.S. offers North Vietnam economic aid in exchange for peace, but the offer is rejected. May 11, 1965 2,500 Vietcong troops attack Song Be, a South Vietnamese capital. Jun 10, 1965 At Dong Xai, a South Vietnamese Army district headquarters and American Special Forces camp is overrun by a Vietcong regiment. Jun 27, 1965 General William Westmoreland launches the first purely offensive operation by American ground forces in Vietnam. Period: Sep 1, 1965 to Oct 1, 1965 After the North Vietnamese Army attacks a Special Forces camp at Plei Mei, the U.S. 1st Air Cavalry is deployed against enemy regiments that identified in the vicinity of the camp. Nov 17, 1965 66th North Vietnamese Regiment moving east toward Plei Mei encounter and ambush an American battalion. Jan 8, 1966 U.S. forces launch Operation Crimp. Deploying nearly 8,000 troops, Period: Feb 1, 1966 to Mar 1, 1966 Hoping for head-on clashes with the enemy, U.S. forces launch four search and destroy missions in the month of February. Mar 5, 1966 272nd Regiment of the Vietcong and 9th Division attack a battalion of the American 3rd Brigade at Lo Ke. Period: Apr 1, 1966 to May 1, 1966 In Operation Birmingham, more than 5,000 U.S. troops, backed by huge numbers of helicopters and armored vehicles, sweep the area around north of Saigon. Period: May 20, 1966 to Jun 1, 1966 In late May 1966, the North Vietnamese 324B Division crosses the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) and encounters a Marine battalion. Jun 30, 1966 On Route 13, American forces are brutally assaulted by the Vietcong. Period: Jul 1, 1966 to Jul 31, 1966 Heavy fighting near Con Thien kills nearly 1,300 North Vietnamese troops. Sep 14, 1966 Operation Attleboro, the U.S. 196th Brigade and 22,000 South Vietnamese troops begin a search and destroy sweeping through Tay Ninh Province. Period: Oct 1, 1966 to Nov 1, 1966 The Vietcong's 9th Division, having recovered from battles from the previous July, prepares for a new offensive. Period: Dec 20, 1966 to Jan 1, 1967 By the end of 1966, American forces in Vietnam reach 385,000 men, plus an additional 60,000 sailors stationed offshore. Period: Jan 1, 1967 to May 1, 1967 Two North Vietnamese divisions, operating out of the DMZ that separates North and South Vietnam, launch heavy bombardments of American bases south of the DMZ. Jan 8, 1967 American forces begin Operation Cedar Falls, Feb 21, 1967 240 helicopters sweep over Tay Ninh province, beginning Operation Junction City. Apr 24, 1967 American attacks on North Vietnam's airfields begin Period: May 1, 1967 to Jun 1, 1967 Air battles rage over Hanoi and Haiphong. Period: May 20, 1967 to Jun 1, 1967 In the Central Highlands of South Vietnam, Americans intercept North Vietnamese Army units moving in from Cambodia. Period: Sep 1, 1967 to Nov 1, 1967 In Hanoi, as Communist forces are building up for the Tet Offensive, 200 senior officials are arrested in a crackdown on opponents of the Tet strategy. Jan 21, 1968 A shattering barrage of shells, mortars, and rockets slam into a Marine base at Khe Sanh. Jan 31, 1968 Vietcong units surge into action over the length of South Vietnam. Feb 23, 1968 Over 1,300 artillery rounds hit the Marine base at Khe Sanh and its outposts. Mar 6, 1968 While Marines wait for a massive assault, NVA forces retreat into the jungle around Khe Sanh. Mar 11, 1968 Massive search and destroy sweeps are launched against Vietcong remnants around Saigon and other parts of South Vietnam. Mar 16, 1968 In the hamlet of My Lai, U.S. Charlie Company kills about 200 civilians. Mar 22, 1968 Without warning, a massive North Vietnamese barrage slams into Khe Sanh. Apr 8, 1968 U.S. forces in Operation Pegasus take over Route 9. Period: Jun 1, 1968 to Jul 1, 1968 General Westmoreland approves the abandonment and demolition of Khe Sanh. Nov 1, 1968 After 3 1/2 years, Operation Rolling Thunder comes to an end. Jan 1, 1969 Nixon takes office as President of the U.S. Feb 1, 1969 Nixon authorizes Operation Menu, the bombing of North Vietnamese and Vietcong bases within Cambodia Feb 22, 1969 Assult and artillary teams attack american bases all over South Vietnam, killing 1,140 americans Apr 1, 1969 U.S. combat deaths in Vietnam exceed to more men killed in the Korean War Jun 8, 1969 President Nixon meets with South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu on Midway Island in the Pacific, announces that 25,000 U.S. troops will be withdrawn immediately Apr 29, 1970 South Vietnamese troops attack into Cambodia, pushing toward Vietcong bases. Feb 8, 1971 In Operation Lam Son 719, 3 South Vietnamese divisions drive into Laos to attack 2 major enemy bases. Jun 1, 1971 Spraying of Agent Orange continues in Vietnam. Jan 1, 1972 Only 133,000 U.S. servicemen remain in South Vietnam. Mar 30, 1972 Massed North Vietnamese Army artillery open a shattering barrage, targeting South Vietnamese positions across the DMZ. Apr 1, 1972 North Vietnamese soldiers push toward the city of Hue, which is defended by a South Vietnamese division and a division of U.S. Marines. Apr 13, 1972 An assault spearheaded by tanks, NVA troops manage to seize control of the northern part of the city. Apr 27, 1972 Two weeks after the initial attack, North Vietnamese forces again battle toward Quang Tri City. Jul 19, 1972 With U.S. air support, the South Vietnamese Army begins a drive to recapture Binh Dinh province and its cities. Dec 13, 1972 Peace talks between the North Vietnamese and the Americans breakdown. Dec 18, 1972 By order of the president, a new bombing campaign starts against the North Vietnamese. Jan 8, 1973 North Vietnam and the United States resume peace talks in Paris. Jan 27, 1973 All warring parties in the Vietnam War sign a cease fire. Mar 1, 1973 The last American combat soldiers leave South Vietnam Jan 1, 1974 North Vietnamese have rebuilt their divisions in the South, and have captured key areas. Aug 9, 1974 Nixon resigns as President Dec 26, 1974 The 7th North Vietnamese Army division captures Dong Xoai. Jan 6, 1975 NVA take Phuoc Long city and the surrounding province. Mar 1, 1975 A powerful NVA offensive is unleashed in the Central Highlands of South Vietnam. Mar 1, 1975 Another NVA offensive sends 100,000 soldiers against the major cities of Quang Tri, Hue and Da Nang. Mar 25, 1975 Hue, South Vietnam's third largest city, falls to North Vietnam Apr 1, 1975 Five weeks into its campaign, the North Vietnamese Army has made stunning gains. Apr 29, 1975 U.S. Marines and Air Forces begin a massive airlift. Apr 30, 1975 Two U.S. Marines are killed in a rocket attack at Saigon's Tan Son Nhut airport. Last Americans to die in the Vietnam War.