Jill Presents: How to Not Suck at Understanding the Cold War

  • Tehran Conference

    <a href='http://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/tehran-conf' U.S. President FDR, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran, Iraq to discuss military strategies against the Nazis and Japanese. A second offensive would begin at the Eastern Front to help the Soviets fight the Nazis, while the British and the Americans decided to invade northern France (Operation Overlord) by May 1944.
  • Period: to

    The Cold War: 1943-1975

  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference Stalin agrees to join in the war against Japan in exchange for a sphere of influence in Manchuria.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Churchill, Stalin, and President Harry Truman discuss splitting Germany into 4 areas of Allied control. Truman also threatened Japan with "prompt and utter destruction" unless they declared an unconditional surrender.
  • Start of the Vietnam Conflict

    Start of Vietnam Following the end of World War 2, France tried to regain control of Vietnam, then known as French Indochina. This starts a 9 year war for control of the country.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshal Plan Secretary of State George C. Marshall calls for a plan to reconstruct Europe following World War 2. His plan involves modernizing Europe's industrial equipment, increasing economic cooperation, agriculture and energy production, creating a monetary system, and removing trade restrictions.
  • Israel

    Following the genocide of the Jewish population during World War 2, the United Nations authorizes the creation of Israel near Palestine. Both the United States and the Soviet Union agree to establish this country.
  • Marshall Plan Approved

    Congress approves the Marshall Plan and allows over $12 billion towards rebuilding Europe. They approved the plan in order to keep and increase our interest and influence in Europe, stop the spread of Communism, and rebuild their economy.
  • Israel's Independence

    Israel declares its independence and becomes its own nation. 5 Arab countries immediately invaded the new nation to destroy it, but Israel is victorious.
  • South Korea

    The Republic of South Korea, also known as South Korea, is founded under a democratic government. Seoul is declarerd the capital city of South Korea and has a relation with the UInited States.
  • North Korea

    In response to the creation of the democratic South Korea, the Korean People's Democratic Republic, or North Korea, is founded with a Communist government. Pyongyang is declared the capital city of North Korea.
  • NATO

    The United States and 10 Western European countries (Belgium, the U.K., Canada, Denmoark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, and Portugal) agree to form an alliance in which if one member was attacked, it would be considered an attack on all. West Germany, Turkey, Greece, and Spain later joined the organization.
  • China becomes Communist

    The People's Republic of China is officially established after the Communists, led by Mao Zedong, win the Chinese Civil War. The United States refuses to recognize the new Communist government, and insists the real Chinese government was in Taiwan, resulting in strained relations.
  • Korean War Starts

    Communist forces from North Korea seeking to unify the country push South Korean forces to Pusan.
  • U.S. Troops join the Korean War

    After North Korea invades South Korea, the U.N. agrees to send troops to help the South Korean army, most of whom came from the United States. General MacArthur invades Inchon and sends the North Korean forces back to North Korea.
  • Stalin's Death

    Stalin dies of a massive heart attack. Following his death, Nikita Khrushchev becomes premier of the Soviet Union and peace negotiations in Korea take a more positive turn.
  • End of Korean War

    After 3 years of fighting and stalled negotiations, an armistice is signed to end the Korean War. Both North and South Korea were still separated at the 38th Parallel. This is the first time that the U.S. doesn't win a global conflict.
  • France pulls out of Vietnam

    France withdraws Following the defeat of the French Parachute Regiment by the North Vietnamese at Dien Bien Phu, France withdraws its troops from Vietnam.
  • Splitting up Vietnam

    Splitting Vietnam It was decided to split Vietnam into two countries at the 17th Parallel. The northern half of Vietnam became known as the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, which had a Communist government and was led by Ho Chi Minh. The southern half of Vietnam became known as the Republic of Vietnam, which had a democratic government and was led by Ngo Dinh Diem.
  • SEATO

    SEATO SEATO is formed by the U.S., France, the U.K., New Zealand, Australia, the Phillipines, Thailand and Pakistan. The purpose was to prevent the spread of Communism in the Southeast Asia area, yet only 2 Southeast Asian countries are involved. SEATO had many problems, such as langauge barriers and no way to send military troops or gain information.
  • Warsaw Pact

    In response to NATO, the USSR forms the Warsaw Pact with Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, East Germany, Poland, Romania, and Czechoslovakia, promoting "friendship, cooperation, and mutual assistance" to those involved.
  • Cuban Revolution

    The Cuban people revolt and overthrow their government.
  • Fidel Castro

    Fidel Castro becomes the premier of Cuba and later its dicator. Castro aligns himself as a Communist and nationalizes U.S. businesses, causing the U.S. to declare Cuba an enemy.
  • Kennedy's Inaguration

    John F. Kennedy is elected President of the United States. In his inaugural address, he challenges Americans to join a "global alliance...to fight tyranny, poverty, disease and war."
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    A U-2 flight over Cuba reveals the presence of nuclear weapons and air missile batteries in Cuba.
  • Cuban Blockade

    In order to prevent nuclear war with the Soviet Union, President John F. Kennedy orders a naval blockade on Cuba to stop the USSR from bringing missile and other equipment into Cuba.
  • Nixon is Elected President

    Richard Nixon is elected President of the United States, beating Lyndon B. Johnson's Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey. He campaigned with a "secret plan" to end the war in Vietnam.
  • Cambodian Invasion

    President Nixon orders the secret bombing of Cambodia to destroy any Communist bases in the country as the first real test of Vietnamization. This generates extremely negative reactions to this invasion.
  • Vietnamization

    Vietnamization President Nixon reveals his "secret plan" to win the Vietnam War: Vietnamization. His plan incorporated most of the actual fighting being done by the South Vietnamese forces with U.S. support, and intended to improve and modernize the South Vietnamese armed forces' ability for pacification and combat operations.
  • Kent State

    Kent State Following the Cambodian Invasion, an anti-war demonstration at Kent State University in Ohio turns violent when the Ohio Naional Guard shoots at the crowd, killing 4 students and wounding 8. This event causes many colleges and universities nationwide to close and pushes Nixon to quickly withdraw the U.S. forces from Vietnam.
  • Nixon visits China

    President Nixon visits China in an attempt to re-establish relations. He visited for numerous reasons, including pressure from the U.N. to allow China to be a permanent member, taking advantage of the country's bad relations with the Soviet Union, and needing good press coverage for re-election.
  • U.S. Withdraws from Vietnam

    After decades of fighting, a ceasefire was reached. The U.S. withdrew their troops from Vietnam
  • End of Vietnam War

    Almost immediately after the U.S. withdrew its troops, the North Vietnamese invaded South Vietnam. The war officially ends when the North Vietnamese capture the South Vietnamese capital of Saigon and rename it Ho Chi Minh City. This reunites the country under a Communist country and is the first real loss for the United States.