An Italian explorer sailing for Spain who believed that Asia (India) could be reached by sailing west from Europe. His first voyage was in 1492, wherein he discovered North America (Caribbean islands) and named it the West Indies. He will make four voyages to the new world without fully realizing what he had discovered.
James town was the first setlement in america. It was settled in 1607,it serves as the capital of virgina. They had a hard first year, they didnt prepare for winter so many died due to this.
This is where james town started theb became cololina. Later it slip into north and south carolina, this was mainly due to salvery. They were very into agriculture.
This is where poeple from the mayflower came from england to find america. This is the 2nd sussesful colonie. They made a town and lived with the native americans, they both showed each other diffrent ways of living.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
One of the original 13 colinies. This was a group of puritans that came over from england in the 1630s. They created thier govenment and a lifestyle, the puritans wanted religous freedom.
New England Colonies
This was a small group of puritans that seprated from the church, They arrived in plymouth with the mayflower and would be later establish New hamshire, conneticut, and Rhode island.
New york was created by james the duck of york. The dutch had settled and had been living there before it became new york, they stayed put when james claimed the land.
The middle passgae is where enslaved africans were forced to come to america. They took the passage that we used to trade guns, clothing, brass, and more.
The great awakening is when a religous reviel happened between in the 1720-1740s. This was a huge deal because many poeple didnt want to be apart of the church and they belived they didnt need to be forced. The christans wrnt around a tried to get people to come back,
French and Indian war
The French and indian war started in 1756 and ended in1763. This is known as the 7 year war. We where expanding towards the ohio river valley, this is when we ran into an issue with people already settled. the french and the indians worked together to fight the british.
The Stamp act is the first way the colines tried to make revinue, this was the first idea of taxation. This was where you had to have a stamp to mail an item or even have paper, the stamp would cost money and that goes back into the country.
The boston massacre is where a crowd of poeple went after british troops in Boston. The bostians, were throwing thigs at the troops and yelling. They did this because britsh made a townshed act, this had a lot of bcklash. the british killed many
Boston tea Party
The boston tea party happened in 1773. Tea had come over from the british and american colinist threw them into the harbor. The americans were protesting taxastion on tea.
Battles of Lexington and Concord
This was the beginning of the american revlution. Americans wanted their freedom from british. They met in Lexington and has a Battle.
The American Revolution was from 1775- 1785. This was the war of indepdence from britan. The british wanted to keep controlling the 13 collines and the poeple didnt like it so they faught to be thier own country.
Declaration of Independance
The decleration of indepnce was written july 4th 1774. This document annouced the sepration of the colonies and Great britan. The document faught that we had the rights to be our own states.
This is where the army was stationed during the american revolution. They made encampment grounds for during the war in philidelphia. They had a rough winter with his troops.
Battle of Yorktown
This is where lord charles and his army surrenderd to Gorege washington. This was the last mojor battle in the american revolution.
Articals of Confederation
Gives the cogress rights to regulate ferign affairs, postal servise, borrow money and the value of the coin. This was addopted by the congress in 1777. This was the first constatuion it didnt work.
A meeting to adress the weaknesses in the govenment. They talked about amending the articals of coferation. They tried to make a new contutution.
Bill of Rights
The first 10 commandment of the US. It states the equality of american citezens. The bill of right has legal force.
United states purchached land from france. This land was the western half of the missipi basin. United states purched about 3 cents per acre.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
A US govermnet led expedition. They send lewis and clark and more ment to go explaore beyond the missipi river, after the louisianan purchace.
This was a "railroad" that was created pre civil war for slaves to escape their owners. They would leave and take this path that has safe houses and more on the way.
War of 1812
War between britain and the US. due to britains violation of maritime rights. This war ended with a tready.
This is where some states wanted to ban slavs and otheres didnt this created the divide between the north and south. They created the line to keep it equal but that didnt work.
United States presidential election of 1824
The presidential election where Adam was john Adams was elected by the House but lost the majorty vote.
This is when we got our indpendece from britain and got very behind in industral products so we had a huge boom in indusries. Our ecomy started to grow rapidly. "Farm to factory"
Indian Removal Act
This is where idian tribes were removed from the government. they were given their own plots of land called reservations. They were being pushed out of their land when settlement moved west.
Battle of the Alamo
The war of texas and mexico. Texas was fighting for their indepencdence form mexico.
This was the war due to texas trying to get their independece from mexico. This resulted in a war where america tried to claim the grande rio.
California Gold Rush
Many people started moving west looking for fortun. Many people went looking for gold and this was the huge start to gold mines.
comprimise of 1850
This is the effort to deal with the issues with slaves. They passed 5 diffrent bills, that made the diffrence between slaves and free states.Califonria was trying to get into the union, they wanted to ban salves and this caused a uproar.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
This is a book that is writen about a man who enslaved. This book is all about slavery, how it felt, what it looked like. This made the south mad because they didnt think it looked as she decribles it in the book.
Dred Scott decision
He felt that he wasnt being treates right. He tries to sue the courty. The congress rules that he connot be a us citizen becasue he was a slave at point.
This was the begging od Lincon, he wasnt known. He ran to be sentor in illianos. He went againsnt douglas in debates and showed who he was.
This is a small civil war that was fought in the US. this was due to pro slaves states and antislave states. Kansas was becoming a new state and they were trying to decide the who would take control.
This is the begging of the civil war, states started to bale from the states. This is when south carolina broke off and started civil war.
Battle of Gettysburg
This is where the south had a crushing defete of the south. The North started to win. It was a 4 day battle. This is the turing point of the war.
Speech given by Abraham Lincon. This speech was followed after a 2 hour speech. His was only 275 words it was quick and had many contraversal opions.
This is half way through the war. This is when lincon signs a paper freeing all the slaves. This makes every black person free and a united states citezen.
Confederate States of America
The 11 states that are slaves states wanted to be free from the union. They didnt want to be part of the government and tried to get away.
Battle of Appomattox Court House
This is one of the final battle of the civil war. This was right before the union gave up and coensides with the north.
The 11 southern states wanted freedom from the government. This creates a war this war went from 1860-1865. the union trying to leave finally gave up and stayed with the Uited states.
This was the movemnt to end slavery. This movment wanted to give slaves freedom, States slowly started to abolish slavery and made them free states.
This is when we started to expand our land. We started to colinise towards the west. These people felt like they had to move west for god. They thought they had to move.