Unit 7 (1800-1945) - Part 2 (Progressive Era)

  • Woman's Christian Temperance Union

    Woman's Christian Temperance Union
    Combated the influence of alcohol on families and society.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    Was designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly its monopolistic practices.
  • How the Other Half Lives

    How the Other Half Lives
    Published by Jacob Riis, it documented the squalid living conditions in New York City slums in the 1880s.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    Backed by Pres. Roosevelt, it outlawed monopolistic business practices, particularly those of the Northern Security Company.
  • National American Woman Suffrage Association

    National American Woman Suffrage Association
    Formed to advocate in favor of women's suffrage in the U.S.
  • Ida B. Wells

    Ida B. Wells
    Black journalist who led an anti-lynching crusade..
  • Anti-Saloon League

    Anti-Saloon League
    Promoted National Prohibition in the U.S.
  • Eugene V. Debs

    Eugene V. Debs
    Socialist party's founder and presidential candidate for five terms.
  • John Dewey

    John Dewey
    Formulated progressive education with "learning by doing" principles.
  • Robert La Follette

    Robert La Follette
    Established a strong personal following as the governor who won the passage of the "Wisconsin Idea" -- a series of progressive measures that included a direct primary tax, tax reform, and state regulatory commissions.
  • Square Deal Policy

    Square Deal Policy
    Policy based on three ideas: protection of the consumer, control of large corporations, and conservation of natural resources.
  • Anthracite Coal Strike

    Anthracite Coal Strike
    Coal miners were granted a 10% wage increase and hour reductions in working days.
  • Lincoln Steffens

    Lincoln Steffens
    Unmasked the corrupt alliance between big businesses and municipal government with "The Shame of the Cities."
  • Elkins Act

    Elkins Act
    The Interstate Commerce Commission was granted greater authority to stop railroads from granting rebates to favored customers.
  • Department of Commerce and Labor

    Department of Commerce and Labor
    Short-lived Cabinet department that was concerned with controlling the excesses of big businesses.
  • Ida Tarbell

    Ida Tarbell
    Muckraker who wrote a serious about The History of the Standard Oil Company. Set a standard for the deluge of muckraking that followed.
  • Northern Securities Antitrust

    Northern Securities Antitrust
    In Northern Securities Co. v. United States, the Supreme Court held that a holding company formed to create a railroad monopoly violated the Sherman Antitrust Law.
  • The Jungle

    The Jungle
    Upton Sinclair book that described in horrifying detail the conditions in the Chicago stockyards and meatpacking industry.
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    Pure Food and Drug Act
    Forbade the manufacture, sale, and transportation of adulterated or mislabeled food and drugs.
  • Meat Inspection Act

    Meat Inspection Act
    Provided that federal inspectors visit meatpacking plans.
  • Triangle Shirtwaist Fire

    Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
    Opened the nation's eyes to poor working conditions.
  • Progressive (Bull Moose) Party

    Progressive (Bull Moose) Party
    Formally the Progressive Party, it was a dissident political faction that nominated Theodore Roosevelt as its pres. candidate.
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    Required that all U.S. senators be elected by popular vote.
  • Underwood Tariff

    Underwood Tariff
    Substantially lowered tariffs for the first time in 50 years.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Federal Reserve Act
    Provided the nation with a safer, more flexible, and more stable monetary and financial system.
  • Clayton Antitrust Act

    Clayton Antitrust Act
    Strengthened the provisions for the Sherman Antitrust Act for breaking monopolies.
  • Federal Trade Commission

    Federal Trade Commission
    Took action against any "unfair trade practice" in every industry except banking and transportation.
  • Margaret Sanger

    Margaret Sanger
    Advocated birth-control education, which eventually became Planned Parenthood.
  • Keating-Owen Child Labor Act

    Keating-Owen Child Labor Act
    Sought to prohibit the sale in interstate commerce of goods produced by factories that employed children under 14.
  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
    Imposed the federal prohibition of alcohol.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    Extended the right to vote to women.