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Unit 5: Between the Wars

  • Frances Willard

    Frances Willard
    Frances Willard was born on September 28, 1839. She was an American educator, temperance reformer, and women's suffragist. She became the founded the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. Frances Willard died on February 18, 1898.
  • Clarence Darrow

    Clarence Darrow
    Clarence Darrow was born on April 18, 1857. He was an American lawyer and leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union. Clarence Darrow successfully managed to defend many criminal trials, he also did not believe in God. He died on March 13, 1938.
  • William Jennings Bryan

    William Jennings Bryan
    William Jennings Bryan was born on March 19, 1860. He was an American orator and politician from Nebraska, and a dominant force in the populist wing of the Democratic Party. William Jennings Bryan stood 3 times as a presidential canidate of the United States. He died on July 26, 1925.
  • Henry Ford

    Henry Ford
    Henry Ford was born July 30, 1863. He was an American industrialist and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production. Henry Ford founded the motor company, Ford, in June 16, 1903. He died on April 7, 1947.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt

    Franklin D. Roosevelt
    Franklin D. Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882. He was an American statesman and political leader. Franklin D. Roosevelt served as the President of the United States from 1933 to 1945. He died in April 12, 1945.
  • Eleanor Roosevelt

    Eleanor Roosevelt
    Eleanor Roosevelt was born on October 11, 1884. She was an American politician, diplomat, and activist. Eleanor Roosevelt served as the longest-serving First Lady of the United States. Holding her position from March 1933 to April 1945. Eleanor Roosevelt died on November 7, 1962.
  • Tin Pan Alley

    Tin Pan Alley
    Tin Pan Alley was the name given to the collection of songwriters and music publishers in New York City. Their music was very popular in America throughout the late 19th centuty and early 20th century.
  • Marcus Garvey

    Marcus Garvey
    Marcus Garvey was born on August 17, 1887. He was a Jamaican political leader, publisher, journalist, and entrepreneur. Marcus Garvey served as a proponent of the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements. He died on June 10, 1940.
  • Dorothea Lange

    Dorothea Lange
    Dorothea Lange was born on May 26, 1895. She was an influential American documentary photographer and photojournalist. Her best and widley known pieces of work come from the Depression-era, where she worked for the Farm Security Administration. Dorothea Lange died on October 11, 1965.
  • Langston Hughes

    Langston Hughes
    Langston Hughes was born on February 1, 1902. He was an American poet, social activist, novelist, and playwright. An early novel of his, Not Without Laughter, won the Harmon gold medal for literature in 1930. Langston Hughes died on May 22, 1967.
  • Charles A. Lindbergh

    Charles A. Lindbergh
    Charles A. Lindbergh was born on February 4, 1902. He was an American aviator, author, inventor, military officer, explorer, and social activist. Charles A. Lindbergh made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927. He died on August 26, 1974.
  • Federal Reserve System

    Federal Reserve System
    The Federal Reserve System was founded on December 23, 1913. It is the central banking system of the United States. It was created in order to regulate banking problems.
  • The Great Migration

    The Great Migration
    Took Place from the 1910's to 1970. The Great Migration was the relocation of 6 million African Americans out of the rural South and into the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West.
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
    The Harlem Renaissance took place from 1919 to 1929. It was an explosion of Black Culture in Harlem.
  • 1st Red Scare

    1st Red Scare
    The 1st Red Scare lasted from 1919 to 1920. There was a massive fear of Bolshevism and Anarchism. Many concerns at the time raised paranoia in Americans.
  • Social Darwinism

    Social Darwinism
    Social Darwinism was a 19th century theory that claim to apply biological concepts of natural selection and survival of the fittest to sociology and politics. Many people in America went against this, for religion was a major deal.
  • Prohibition

    Prohibition lasted from 1920 to 1933. It was the banning of sale, production, importation, and transportation of alcoholic beverages. Prohibition was soon put to an end because of the rise in crimes and violence.
  • Jazz Music

    Jazz Music
    Jazz Music became increasingly popular in the 1920s. It tied it's way in with the Harlem Renaissance. One of the earliest most popular jazz music composers was Louis Armstrong.
  • Warren G. Harding's "Return to Normalcy"

    Warren G. Harding's "Return to Normalcy"
    In May 14, 1920, Warren G. Harding's slogan was "Return to Normalcy". This phrase ultimatley helped him win the Republican Debate for presidency.
  • Tea Pot Dome Scandal

    Tea Pot Dome Scandal
    The Tea Pot Dome Scandal took place from 1921 to 1922. It was a bribery incident that took place during President Warren G. Harding's time in office.
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

    Scopes Monkey Trial
    The Scopes Monkey Trial ended on July 21, 1925. Formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes, was a trial held against a substitute high school teacher for teaching about evolution.
  • Stock Market Crash "Black Tuesday"

    Stock Market Crash "Black Tuesday"
    Black Tuesday, the greatest stock market crash in United States history, occured on October 29, 1929. Huge masses of people surrounded Wall Street where more than 16 million shares were traded.
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    The Great Depression lased from October 29, 1929 to 1939. Nations worldwide went into great economic depression around the 1930s. Many people believe that the reason for the United States to have undergone this was because of the stock market crash of October 1929.
  • The Dust Bowl

    The Dust Bowl
    The Dust Bowl took place from 1931 to 1939. It was the result of bad farming practices and resulted in massive catastrophic dust storms. Located primarily in Texas and Oklahoma.
  • 20th Amendment

    20th Amendment
    The 20th Amendment was ratified in January 23, 1933. The amendment decided how long a federal government would run. It also contained details on what plan would be taken should the president die in his term.
  • Tennesse Valley Authority

    Tennesse Valley Authority
    TVA was founded in 1933. Its purpose was to provide electricity to the people. TVA was founded at the height of the Great Depression as a New Deal.
  • The New Deal

    The New Deal
    The New Deal began on March 4, 1933 and lasted until 1937. Proposed by Presiden Roosevelt, the New Deal was a series of domestic programs enacted in the United States. All meant to help with the country's economy.
  • "Relief, Recovery, Reform"

    "Relief, Recovery, Reform"
    "Relief, Recovery, Reform" occured on March 6, 1933. This was a Bank holiday in which all banks closed. "Relief, Recovery, Reform" was a part of the New Deal created by President Roosevelt.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
    FDIC was founded on June 16, 1933. It is a United States government corporation providing deposit insurance to depositors in US banks. It was founded as a New Deal durring the Great Depression.
  • 21st Amendment

    21st Amendment
    The 21st Amendment was ratified December 5, 1933. It ended the prohibition of alcohol which many men so greatly desired.
  • Securities and Exchange Commission

    Securities and Exchange Commission
    SEC was founded on June 6, 1934. It was established in order to regulate the commerce in stocks, bonds, and other securities. It was founded as a New Deal during the Great Depression.
  • Social Security Administration

    Social Security Administration
    SSA was founded on August 14, 1935. This agency administers Social Security, a social insurance program consisting of retirement, disability, and survivors' benefits. It was founded as a New Deal during the Great Depression.