APUSH - Unit 7 (1890-1945) - Part 3 By kkenziepaige 1906 The Churches of Christ were organized Fundamentalism was rapidly growing in the Baptist Church and the Churches of Christ. 1909 The NAACP was founded It became one of the nation's leading black rights organizations in the twentieth century 1913 Congress passed the Sixteenth Amendment It allows Congress to levy an income tax 1913 President Wilson set an income tax of 1% on incomes above $ 3,000 It increased to as many as 77% in 1917 1919 The "Red Scare" begins This encouraged a nativist or anti-immigrant frenzy. 1919 The 18th Amendment was ratified. It banned the manufacture and sale of "intoxicating liqours." 1920 The Republican National Convention meeting in Chicago. The Republicans nominated Warren G. Harding against Calvin Coolridge for the 1920 US presidential election. 1920 Jazz music begins it's rise to popularity. Jazz spread to dance halls and other venues, heavily influencing the people and culture of this time period. 1920 The Lindy Hop was a popular dance. It was named for the pilot Charles Lindburgh's first solo flight and was the first dance to include swinging the partner into the air. 1920 The term 'flapper' was first used. A flapper was used to describe the women of the time. 1920 Baseball's Negro National League was formed. This shows the societal separation between the blacks and whites during this time period. 1920 50 new Broadway musical premieres in one season. This began the decade of Broadway's prime years. 1920 The Democrats have a meeting in San Fransisco. The Democrats nominated James M. Cox for the 1920 US presidential election with Franklin D. Roosevelt as his vice president. 1920 Harlem became the capital of black America. It attracted black intellectuals and artists from across the country and the Caribbean. 1920 Sinclair Lewis published Main Street. It told the story of a woman's unsuccessful war against provincialism. 1920 Scott F. Fitzgerald published This Side of Paradise. It was a hit for the young who had dreams of becoming things like flappers. 1920 1920 US presidential election. It was heavily influenced by the aftermath of World War I. 1920 The federal Volstead Act was initiated. It closed every tavern, bar and saloon in the United States. 1921 Economic Recession. Without political interference, it was allowed to fix itself and was over within 18 months. 1922 Herbert Hoover passed the Fordney-McCumber Act. The average duty on nonfree goods was raised from 38.5% to nearly 60% 1923 Louis Armstrong earned his first recorded solo on "Chimes Blues." African Americans heavily influenced the popular jazz music of the time p 1924 1924 US presidential election. President Coolridge won the election in a landslide. 1924 The National Origins Act was passed. It was an extremely restrictive immigration law that immigration quotas that set excluded some people and favored others. 1925 The Scopes Monkey Trial. John Scopes was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act for teaching evolution. The idea of evolution goes against some religions. 1925 Fitzgerald publishes The Great Gatsby. It told the story on the illusionary American ideal of a self-made man. 1925 Marcus Garvey gets arrested. His organization showed the anger and lack of hope that many blacks felt about their place in American society. 1926 The Department of Agriculture estimated that the nett migration in favor of the cities was over one million people. The population was moving from rural areas to urban ones. 1926 Ernest Hemingway published The Sun Also Rises. I have told of spiritually numb American expatriates in Europe. 1927 Chinese imports to the US were at the one billion dollar level. They increased at about 30% per year. 1928 1928 US presidential election. It was won by Herbert Hoover. 1929 Ernest Hemingway published A Farewell to Arms. This novel explained his war experience. 1929 The United States stock market crashed. Stock prices collapsed completely. 1929 Stock prices collapsed completely. The stock market crash of 1929 was a big factor in the start of the Great Depression. 1930 Herbert Hoover passed the Hawley-Smoot Tariff. It turned out to be the highest protective tariff in the nation's peacetime history. 1932 African Americans voted by a large majority for the Democratic presidential candidate, Franklin Roosevelt. Many political parties often tried to sway the African Americans, but the blacks continued to be a major force in the Democratic Party. 1933 The Emergency Banking Relief Act was passed. It sought to re-instill investor confidence and stability in the banking system. 1933 The Beer and Wine Revenue Act was passed. Roosevelt signed the Act in order to levy a federal tax on alcoholic beverages. This would raise federal revenue to get our country out of the Great Depression. 1933 The Unemployment Relief Act was passed. This provided grants for municipal public works projects. 1933 The Federal Emergency Relief Act is passed. It provided authorization of the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA). 1933 The Agricultural Adjustment Act was passed. It reduced crop surplus, therefore raising the value of crops. 1933 The Tennessee Valley Authority Act was passed. It provided flood control for the Tennessee River and made it more navigable. 1933 The Federal Securities Act was passed. It was the first major federal legislation to regulate the offer and sale of securities. 1933 The Home Owner's Refinancing Act was passed. It helped those in danger of losing their homes during the Great Depression. 1933 The National Industrial Recovery Act was passed. It was an attempt to stimulate economic recovery after severe deflation. 1933 The Glass-Steagall Banking Reform Act was passed. It limited commercial bank securities, activities, and affliations. 1934 The Dust Bowl begins. In response, the federal government created the Soil Conservation Service formed in 1935 to promote farm rehabilitation. 1934 The Indian Reorganization Act was passed. It was used to deal with the status of Native Americans. 1934 The Gold Reserve Act was passed. It required all gold held by the Federal Reserve be given to the United States Department of Treasury. 1934 The Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act was passed. It allowed the negotiation of trade agreements between the United States and other countries. 1937 The Dust Bowl ends. Dust storms wreaked havoc such as choking cattle and driving 60% of the population from the region.