1 Fought between England and France. 2 Fought over control of North American territories. 3 The start of the war was a result of indians led by George Washington killing a french officer.
Treaty of Paris 1763
1Ended the French and Indian War, 2 England was determined the victor of the war. 3 France loses all of its North American claims. England claims all land west to the mississippi river, and North through Canada.
Procolamtion of 1763
This prevented Colonist from moving West of the Appalchian Mountains. 2. Created to stabilize relations between the Native Americans and the British Empire. 3. This became the first problem between the colonist and "mother" england. The colonist didnt like being told what to do.
Sugar Act of 1764
This was a tax on sugar and molasses. 2. After the tax had begun, usually only the wealthy could afford sugar. 3. The colonist boycotted sugar untill the tax was abolished.
Quartering Act of 1765
Gave british troops the right to stat in any of colonist house whenever the pleased. 2. This saved Britian lot of money . 3. Colonist thought of it as paying british for the protection of their troops.
Stamp Act 1765
Tax on all paper goods ( paper, playing cards, etc..). 2. This led yet another boycott from the furious colonist. As a result of the boycott the british parlament repealed the tax.
1.Tax on all household items. 2. The britsh thought it was the right thing to do. 3.It was eventually repealled due to the boycott of all british products.
Writs of assistence 1767
Allowed british officials to search any ship at any time. 2. This angered the colonist because they felt as if their privacy was being invaded. 3. James Otis fought aginst the british to stop the Writs but was later voided.
British troops opened fire on colonial protestor's. 2.No one know's why the first shots were fired.3. John Adams defended the soldiers in court.
1.Tax on tea. 2. Designed to improve the number of tea sold from the East India Company.3. Led directly to the Boston Tea Party.
Boston Tea Party
1.Colonist dressed up as indians and dumped tea into the boston harbor. 2. Exactly 342 chests of tea were split open and thrown in the harbor. 3. This led to the Intolerable acts
1.Banned town hall meetings and blockaded the harbor.2. This led to the beginning of the first contental congress. 3.this angered the colonist very much and enough to the point were the Revoloutionary War started
First Continental Congress
1.Banned all trade with england. 2. Began training troops. 3. All states but england sent delagates.
Battle of Lexington 1775
First battle of the revoloution. 2.4,000 british troops fought 70 miltiamen. 3.No one knows who fired the first shots
After the militamen retreated, it was a series of guerrila warfare tactics against the british. 2. Over half of the 4000 british troops was wiped out. 3. If it weren't for the renforcments the british recieved midway through the journey they would have all died.
1.Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold led the charge to fort ticonderoga. 2. They attacked during the night and the British had no choice but to surreneder. 3. This victory gave the Patriots a huge advantage in artillery.
2nd Continental congress
Met in Philidelphia for the 2nd continental congress. 2. Created the Olive Branch petition but was sent back. 3. Appointed George Washington ahead of the Continental Army.
Battle of Bunkerhill
General William Prescott led his men atop Breed's hill overlooking boston. 2. General Prescott told his men "don't fire till you see the whites of their eyes". 3. The americans were forced to retreat after killing over 1000 bitish troops.
1.Thomas Paine wrote a pamplet persuding Americans to look towards independence. 2. It's considered one the most influential pamplets in history. 3. This is one the main reasons the continetal army got as much support as it did.
Declaration of Independence
Thomas jefferson wrote the Declaration off of early day philosiphers (John Locke) ideas. 2. On July 4th all of the states signed Declaration except new York. 3. From then on July 4th is known as our independence day.
Battle of New York
The British wanted to capture New York which was the headquarters Continental Army. 2. The British captured New York inflicting many casualties. 3. General George Wasington bearly escaped captivity.
Battle of Trenton
General Washington crossed the frozen Delaware River and launced a surprise attack on the hessians. 2. He took over 800 hessians prisoner. 3. They didnt lose a single man
Battle of Princeton
Just over a week over the victory at Trenton Wasington leads another surprise attack at princeton. 2. Washinton's army captured another 300 british troops. 3. This was the only major battle they would win till Saratoga.
Battle of Saratoga
General Horatio Gates defeated england in a tactic where they were strongest. 2. General Burgoyne surrendered his entire army to the Americans. 3. After this victory Ben Franklin persuaded the French and Spanish to join the americans alliance.
This is the site of where the American army took refuge all winter long. 2. 1/4 of all Washingtons men died of sickness. 3. They're only kind of shelter were old tents.
Battle of YorkTown
1.This was the final battle of the revoloution. 2. The French navy cornered the British Army and they were forced to surrender. 3. General Cornwallis signed the treaty ending the war.
Treaty of Paris
1.The treaty had been discussed for 2 years. 2. This officially gave the americans they're independence. 3. It also ended the American Revoloution.