American revolution

American Revolution21

By LikaG
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    The British and French had many conflicts in the past and this new conflict between land in the Americas reignited those conflicts and there were in a state of war. The French fought with the Indains against the british because the French wanted to be friends with the locals, so it could be easier to ingage in fur trade. The French lost the war and all their territorty.
  • Writ of Assistance

    Writ of Assistance
    The royal governor of Massachusetts permitted the use of the writs of assistance, which was a general search warrant that allowed British officials to search any colonial ship or building they believed to be holding smuggled goods and the didn't need evidence.
  • John Locke’s Social Contract

    John Locke’s Social Contract
    Every society is based on a social contract—an agreement in which the people consent to choose and obey a government so long as it safeguards their natural rights. If the government violates that social contract by taking away or interfering with those rights, people have the right to resist and even overthrow the government.
  • Treaty of Paris of 1763

    Treaty of Paris of 1763
    Ended the French and Indian War against England, by France giving up their land to the Spanish and English. France manage to regain a few territories in small islands east of what is now Mexico.
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    King George III issued the proclamation of 1763 that forbid colonist to settle past the Appalachian mountains. He did so because he wanted to have some sort of peace with the Indians after the seven years of war, but Americans ignore it and settle there.
  • Sugar Act and colonist response

    Sugar Act and colonist response
    New tax on molasses imported from non-British isles which was the same as the Molasses Act but the tax was reduced by half. It didn't really effect the colonist, but they still made a big deal out of it. They formed organizations, protests, and confronted the Government directly by sending letters to the parliment.
  • Stamp Act & colonists response

    Stamp Act & colonists response
    This act placed a tax on documents and printed items. It was the first tax that affected colonists directly because it was on goods and services. The colonist defied the law together and Boston shopkeepers, artisans, and laborers organized a secret resistance group called the Sons of Liberty to protest the law in public and the assemblies stated it wasn't fair because no one in the parliment represents the colonists. And Philadelphia agreed to a boycott of British goods.
  • Sons of Liberty is formed & Samuel Adams

    Sons of Liberty is formed & Samuel Adams
    Samuel Adams was one of the founders of the sons of liberty, led protest in Boston against taxes. The sons of liberty harassed Stamp Act workers and attack royal governers sometimes.
  • Declaratory Act

    Declaratory Act
    It asserted Parliament’s full right “to bind the colonies and people of America in all cases whatsoever". It probably made the English feel more in control.
  • Townshend Acts & colonists response and Why they were repealed

    Townshend Acts & colonists response and Why they were repealed
    It taxed goods that were imported into the colony from Britain, and tea. The colonist made daring protests and pushed the colonists and Britain closer to war. The Townshend Acts were repealed because they were costing more to enforce than they would ever bring in.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    A mob gathered in front of the Boston Customs House and taunted the British soldiers standing guard there. Five colonist were killed or mortally wounded, and the colonist labled it a massacre
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Because of the Tea Act was passed, the colonist attacked three English ships, disguised as Indians and dumped out 18,000 pounds of tea.
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    It granted the company the right to sell tea to the colonies free of the taxes that colonial tea sellers had to pay and it seemed to be the last straw for the colonist, they protestest dramatically. Colonist dressed as Indians, went to three british ships and dropped out 18,000 pounds of tea into the sea. Known as Boston Tea Party.
  • Intolerable Acts – all 3 parts

    Intolerable Acts – all 3 parts
    Allowed British soldiers to live in colonist homes, closed Boston harbor, and appointed General Thomas Gage as new governor of Massachusetts. Governor Gage put Boston under martial law to keep the peace. These laws were past as a punishment to the colonist.
  • First Continental Congress meets

    First Continental Congress meets
    Delegates from all the colonies except Georgia met in Philadelphia to discuss issues with Britian and the colonies. They defended the colonist right to fight back if Britian used force on them. They made a declaration of colonial rights.
  • Midnight riders: Revere, Dawes, Prescott

    Midnight riders: Revere, Dawes, Prescott
    They stay up at night and see if there is any new news, like how scouts in army camps, warn them of an enclosing enemy. They warned about the British coming to Concord.
  • Battle of Concord

    Battle of Concord
    The 700 british troops came to Concord, but didn't see anyone so they started to march back to Boston. Between 3,000 and 4,000 minutemen had assembled, and fired on the marching troops from behind stone walls and trees.
  • Battle of Lexington

    Battle of Lexington
    General Thomas Gage ordered 700 troops to march from Boston to nearby Concord, Massachusetts, and to seize illegal weapons. The troops told the line of 70 minutemen on village green to drop their weapons and leave, but they didn't drop there guns but did leave. There was a gun shot, then the British started shooting and there was 1 british casualty and 8 deaths and 10 minutemen injured. It was first battle and it lasted 15 minutes.
  • Minutemen

    Civilians soldiers that weren't trained, but pledged to fight in a minutes notice, very helpful in revolution. Fought in most battles of the revolution.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    Colonial leaders called the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia to debate the next moves for war. The loyalties that divided colonists sparked endless debates at the Second Continental Congress.
  • Continental Army

    Continental Army
    Congress agreed to recognize the colonial militia as the Continental Army and appointed George Washington as its commander.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Battle of Bunker Hill
    Gage sent 2,400 British soldiers up the hill. The colonists held their fire until the last minute and then began to mow down the advancing redcoats before finally retreating. By the time the smoke cleared, the colonists had lost 450 men, while the British had suffered over 1,000 casualties.The Battle of Bunker Hill is one of the deadliest battle of the war.
  • Olive Branch Petition

    Olive Branch Petition
    Letter to King George III, from members of the Second Continental Congress, which was the last attempt by the moderate party in North America to avoid a war of independence.
  • Loyalists and Patriots

    Loyalists and Patriots
    Very few loyalist, which were people who were still loyal to England, and Patriots were colonist fighting against the British. They were supporters of independence.
  • Publication of Common Sense

    Publication of Common Sense
    It was 50 pages written by Thomas Paine and he attacked King George and the monarchy. He laid it all out and said what the Americas should do.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Thomas Jefferson was the author of the Declaration of Independence. The people have natural rights to life, liberty, and property. When a government fails to protect those rights, it is not only the right, but also the duty of the people to overthrow that government. In its place, the people should establish a government that protects those rights. Basically states the reasons the British colonies of North America sought independence. It was adopted in July 1776.
  • Redcoats push Washington’s army across the Delaware River into Pennsylvania

    Redcoats push Washington’s army across the Delaware River into Pennsylvania
    Took place in New York, British had many troops. merceniers that added to about 32,000 troops. Many battles lost.
  • Washington’s Christmas night surprise attack

    Washington’s Christmas night surprise attack
    At about 11pm Washington luanched his attack in Trenton, New Jersey. It gave more hope to the colonist and was the start of their winning streak to end the war.
  • Saratoga

    The patriots fought against british forces led by Burgoyne. Burgoyne didn’t realize that his fellow British officers were preoccupied with holding Philadelphia and weren’t coming to meet him. The colonist won the battle by surrounding Burgoyne and forcing him to surrender.
  • Valley Forge

    Valley Forge
    The patriots were desperately low on food and supplies and fought to stay alive at winter camp in Valley Forge. More than 2,000 men died but the rest stayed.
  • French-American Alliance

    French-American Alliance
    The 1778 alliance between the Kingdom of France and the United States during the American Revolutionary War. After the Saratoga victory.
  • Friedrich von Steuben and Marquis de Lafayette

    Friedrich von Steuben and Marquis de Lafayette
    Friedrich von Steuben is a Prussian captain and talented drillmaster,helped to train the Continental Army on Feb 23, 1778. Lafayette lobbied France for French reinforcements in 1779, and led a command in Virginia in the last years of the war (he was a foreign military leader).
  • British victory in South

    British victory in South
    Towards the end of 1778, a British expedition easily took Savannah, Georgia because of their suprise attack and their army was 9:35. The greatest victory in the war was at Charles Town, South Carolina, in May 1780 becuase they captured 3,000 patriots and a great quantity of weapons and supplies with the loss of 250 killed or wounded soldiers. The british army that had 10,000 troops.
  • British surrender at Yorktown

    British surrender at Yorktown
    French supported the colonist and cornered the Britished. The british troop unknowingly went in a trap when they camped in York town because later French ships blocked the sea and the colonist with some French troops blocked the land .
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    Peace treaty between the United States and Britain that ended the American Revolutionary War. It was signed on September 3, 1783. The Congress of the Confederation ratified the treaty on January 14, 1784 (Confirmed it).