-Britain won the French and Indian War, this treaty officially ended the war.
- Britain clamied all land east of the Mississippi river.
- This war was very costly for the British.
- British colonist began to settle in the Ohio river valley, were the Native americans lived.
- The Native Americans responded by attacking to British forts.
Proclamation of 1763 (Britain Prohibits Move)
Britsih did not allow colonist to settle west of the appalation mountains.
-British sent troops out to prevent settlers from crossing the mountains, so they did not upset the indians.
-The British goverment goverment was angry that the colonist did not want to pay for protection.
This was the first time that the colonist had felt hostility towards the British goverment.
-This act taxed suger and mollassus, any thing else sweet.
-This slowly became a problem to the colonalist.
-King Goerge set this law, to pay off the war.
-Britain needed money to pay off the war so they made the stamp act.
-This act taxed letters and what not, to have a stamp that had the tax they had payed.
-This slowy became a problem because the coins they had to pay with, werent so common.
-The colonist began organizing boycotts.
Writs of Assitance
The goverment got into peoples bussnies, because they passed Writs of Asitance.
This lead customs officers could search ships at will, looking for any smugled goods.
This lead only few affected, but it slowly lead into a problem for the colonist.
Britain needed money for the war, It lead to the townsheds act.
This act taxed various household items.
The colonist boycotted.
Britain wanted to save money.
So they passed this act in which colonist had to provide food, and housing for the british soldiers.
The colonist hated it, but little could be done.
Colonist would always taunt the british soliders, which one day got out of hand.
A roit between the colonist and British soliders, had broke out.
Sam Adams used this opportunity to whip up anti-british feelins.
Boston Tea Party
The colonist did not like the Tea act.
So they dumped 90,000 pnds. of tea into the boston harbor.
The goverment was angry so they created the intolerbole act.
-British king needed money so they could pay of war,so they stopped the tea trade.
-Samuel Adams started a drive to form committees of correspondence.
-The result was the Boston Tea Party.
-This act ment the colonist could not hold town meetings, so the Port of Boston was closed.
- This lead to the the first Continental Congress.
- This made the colonies begin to unify.
First Coninental Congress Meets
The first Continental Congress meetss in Philadelphia, all except Gorgea.
They decited to ban all trade with England, until Acts were repealed.
-So each colony was called to began training troops.
-Benedict Arnold, led a portion of his militia across the half-mile width of Lake Champlain to the base of the fort.
-the next morning his men rushed into the fort demanding its surrender.
-Taken by surprise, the British surrendered.
Battles of Lexington
This battle were one of the first battles of the Revolution War.
April 19, 1775, 700 british troops march into Lexington, this is were the first shot of the war was shot.
-"SHOT HEARD AROUND THE WORLD!"
-This lead to battle of Concord.
2nd Continental Congress
-Americans battled Britain in New york.
- They all agreeded to form Continental Armyand Goerge Washington was chosen to be the leader.
-This lead to Ft.Ticonderoga.
Battle of Concord
British marched to Concord and destroyed milita supplies.
This battle was 4,000 mulita men vs. 700 troops.
This lead to the 2nd Continental of Congress.
-British drove the Americans from Charlestown peninsula it was with hard loss.
- 2,400 British troops against 1,500 Americans.
- This made the king extend the blockade, the mulita was able to push the British out of Boston.
Declaration of Independence
-Thomas Jeffeson was chosen to compose this document.
- This document was written in 2 weeks,on 4th of July.
-This document was based on the philosophyof John Adams, unalienable rights.
Battle of New York
All the fighting had shifted to the middle colonies, the British wanted to capture New York.
-British attacked Washingtons army on long island and inflincted heavy causalities, Washington avoided capture and retreated into Pennsilvana.
The British occuped New York for the rest of the war.
-Thomas Paine wrote Common Sence. He was a englishman, he said to cut england trade off, others will trade.
-Common Sence increased support for aerican independence.
- This lead to the declaration of independence.
Battle of Trenton
-Goerge Washington launched a surprise attack, crossing the deleware river.
-He captured over 800 hesian prisoners with-out losing one man.
-This lead to the battle of Princeton.
Battle of Princeton
-Washington captures another 300 british soliders at princeton, New Jersey.
-This was only a month after the battle of trenton.
-But soon after Washington lost a battle at Brandywine and Germantown.
Battle of Saratoga
British genral Burgoyne planned to cut off new england from the rest of the colonies.
-Danial Mogan and the colonist had other ideas.
-American genral Horatio Gates surrounded Burgoynes remaining forcesat saratoga.
-Burgoyne surrendered his entire army to the americans.
-Benjamin F. helped negotiate the Treaty of Alliance with France and Spain.
This battle was a major turning point.
Winter at Valley Forge
-Washington and his men spent long cold winters through 1777-1778 in valley forge pennsylvania.
-The american troops were despate need of food and wam clothing.
- French Volenteer Marquis d lafayette, hlpd donate mony and train the continental army.
-Spanish Bernardo de galvez helped colonist by defeating the british in several battle in louisianna and flordia.
-John Paul Jones steered his burning ship into british warship Serapis, shoughting "I have not yet begun to fight!"
Genral Lord Cornwallice moved his men to virgina and waited.
-The time was right Washington to set the ultimate trap. Jame Armisead (a alave) was a double spy and gave Washington infromation.
-Washington would lead a three week attack on the British.
He traped Cornwallice, they surrendered, and the americans won there Independence.
Treaty of Paris
Great Britain reconized the United States as an independent nation.
-United States gained all land east o Mississippi river.
U.S agreed to return all property taken from the loyalist.