The American Revolution - Norton

  • End of the French and Indian War

    End of the French and Indian War
    The Treaty of Paris ended the French and Indian War. The
    French received all land from the Mississippi River west, while the British received all land from the Mississippi River east.
  • No Taxation without Representation

    No Taxation without Representation
    King George the third issued the Proclamation of 1763. This was made so King George could keep colonists east of the Application Mountains to maintain peace with the Native Americans. He also kept control of the fur trades while controlling westward expansions. Parliament needed revenue, so now all the old taxes and new taxes are enforced. Colonists smuggled to avoid these taxes. To enforce the laws of taxes George Grenville authorized the Writ of Assistance.
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    Grenville lowered the taxes on molasses, in hopes to stop smuggling. The Sugar Act and other laws violated the colonist rights. Such as, trial by jury, innocent until proven guilty, and being secure in their homes without British soldiers barging in. James Otis who was a Boston lawyer stated " No parts of [England's colonies] can be taxed without their consent ... every part has a right to be represented."
  • Opposition to the Stamp Act

    Opposition to the Stamp Act
    Basically the Stamp Act made it so all printed items were stamped to prove that the tax was paid. So, Patrick Henry and the House of Burgess passes a resolution to the Stamp Act stating they have the right to create taxes. Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty burned effigies of unpopular tax collectors in Boston. The Stamp Act Congress sent parliament a message so they can tax themselves. British goods were boycotted and the colonist repealed the Stamp Act. The solution was the Declaratory Act.
  • Town Shed Act

    Town Shed Act
    Parliament passed the Town shed Act on imported goods , before they came into the colonies. Such as; tea, glass, and paper. The colonist were mad about any tax. So, the Daughters of Liberty encouraged boycotts to protest. They wanted to be able to wear local fabrics instead of imported.
  • Trouble in Massachusetts

    Trouble in Massachusetts
    The colonist were protesting and were on the verge of rebellion. Red coats were sent to Boston by Parliament. The colonist were convinced that British laws violated colonial rights. England sent an army to take control of the colonial cities.Now, the Redcoats were poor men and stole from local shops which lead into fights with the Colonists.
  • The Boston Massacre

    The Boston Massacre
    A street fight started between Bostonian's and Soldiers. The Bostonian's state " We did not send for you. We will not have you here. We will get rid of you, we'll drive you away". The Townspeople threw sticks and stones. They would shout "Fire if you dare!" at the British. The Redcoats were nervous and ended up shooting 5 colonist. One of the men was Crispus Attucks. They called this fight the Boston Massacre.
  • Spreading the News

    Spreading the News
    The colonial leaders used the Boston Massacre as propaganda. Samuel Adams put posters up that described the Massacre as "a slaughter of innocent Americans by blood thirsty redcoats". The colonist had bigger boycotts on British goods. Parliament stopped the Town shed Act on all imported goods except on tea. So the colonist only boycotted tea. The Boston Committee of Correspondence. This group spread information through the colonies and they were the ones to make the call against the British.
  • Crisis in Boston

    Crisis in Boston
    The Colonist almost shut down the British East India Company because the Colonist refused to buy tea, because of this Parliament passed the Tea Act. This made it so some taxes were removed on tea but not all and this made the Colonist mad because they didn't want to pay any. Colonist started a boycott and vowed to stop the ships from unloading the tea. The Daughters of Liberty said "We'll part with are tea".
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    Three British ships loaded with tea arrived at Boston Harbor. The royal Governor ordered the men to unload the tea. At 12:00 a.m. on December 16th, 1773 Colonist dressed as Native Americans and threw all 342 chests of tea into the harbor. This was named the Boston Tea Party.
  • The Intolerable Act

    The Intolerable Act
    King George the third was losing control over the colonies. He stated "We must either master them or totally leave them to themselves". Parliament passed the Coervives Act. This forces the colonies to let the British Soldiers live among them.
  • A Meeting in Philadelphia

    A Meeting in Philadelphia
    55 delegates gathered in Philadelphia to set up a group to represent the colonies. They named this group the Continental Congress. 12 out of 13 of the delegates from each state showed. Georgia was in a war. Some of these leaders were Samual Adams, Jon Adams, John Jay, George Washington, Richard Henry Lee, and Patrick Henry. Patrick Henry stated at this meeting "The distractions between Virginians, Pennsylvanians, New Yorkers, and New Englanders are no more. I am not Virgin, but an American."
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    Manumission was the right for slave owners to give their slaves freedom. This was one of the most popular ways slaves were freed. During 1776-1778 John Dickinson freed his slaves, he was the only founding father to do that at the time.
  • Thomas Jefferson writes the DOI

    Thomas Jefferson writes the DOI
    Thomas Jefferson was chosen by Congress to write the first copy of the DOI. The reason they wrote the DOI was that they wanted to be free from the British.
  • Battles of Trent and New Jersey

    Battles of Trent and New Jersey
    It was a small battle which was very effective. Almost two-thirds of the Hessians ere captured by the Americans
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    State Constitutions

    Popular Sovereignty - states the government can function and exist only with the consent of the governed. Limited Government - the government only had so much power, it limited their ability to create laws without the consent of the people. Civil Rights and Libertys - There were certain rights the government had to respect, 7 of the state constitutions held the Bill of Rights. Separation of Powers, Checks, and Balances - Each government had 3 branches, which could restrain each other.
  • Howe captures Philadelphia

    Howe captures Philadelphia
    Howe toke over Philidephia in 1777. He captured Philidehia in hopes of bringing the loyalist together. The Americans lost the battle which led to the British capturing their capital
  • American and British Battle of Saratoga

    American and British Battle of Saratoga
    This battle was a major win for the Americans which boosted their spirt. The results caused the French, Spanis, and Dutch to fight alongside them against Britain.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    This was created by the Second Continental Congress. They made this because they needed to create some sort of structural government.
  • Congress prohibits enslaved people imported to the US

    Congress prohibits enslaved people imported to the US
    No new slaves were allowed to be imported into the United States. This was a United Staes Federal law. The northern states had no use for slaves and they convinced others to free them.
  • Winter at Valley Forge

    Winter at Valley Forge
    11,000 soldiers were positioned to Vally Forge. Many died because of diseases, not enough food, hypothermia, and much more. The one thing that kept them going was General George Washington. He reminded them what they were fighting for.
  • Spain Declares war on Great Britain

    Spain Declares war on Great Britain
    Spain declared war on Britain because Spain was an ally of France, and France is an ally to the Americans. Spain provided resources to the Americans and because of allies with them. They helped the Americans financially.
  • John Paul Jones & Serapis

    John Paul Jones & Serapis
    John Paul Johns was known for being the father of the Navy. He sided with the colonist and joined the Continental Navy. His greatest achievement was defeating the British warship the Serapis.
  • British forces capture Charles Town

    The British won this battle because the Americans surrendered. This was a significant win because the Britsh now have control over the south.
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    Plans for first Fed. Tax

    Robert Morris attempted to help raise the taxes in 1781-1783. He did this so the government could stay alive and help financially.
  • British surrender at Yorktown

    The French defeated a fleet of Britsh solders. The Britsh surrendered the Continental Army and gave up any chance they had at winning the Revolutionary war.
  • Treaty of Paris

    The treaty of Paris was a Peace treaty between America and Britan.
  • Spain closed lower Mississippi River to American Western Settlers

    Spain closed the lower Mississippi river to stop shipping. They did this because they did not want anything to do with Britian.
  • The Ordinance of 1785

    The Ordinance of 1785 was land divided into 36 pieces, which they would sell to farmers. each piece was 640 acres by 640 acres. Each acre was $1.
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's rebellion was when farmers were fighting against the government because the government taxed important trades and exported trades because they were failing as a government.
  • Convention

    This convention was when the 55 delegates decided how America was going to be governed.
  • The North West Ordinance

    The Noth West Ordinance was taking the land from the North West and having 60,000 population in each area. If they had enough people they would be able to create new states.
  • Singing of the Constitution

    This was when the last member of the Continental Convention signed the draft of the constitution.
  • Delaware fist state to approve Constitution

    A meeting in Dover in Battell's Tavern they had officially made Delaware the first state to ratify the constitution.
  • New Hampshire ratifies Constitution

    New Hampshire was the 9th state to ratify the constitution, which officially ended the Articles of Confederation.
  • The Land Act

    The land act made it possible for people to buy land from the Northwest territory directly from the federal government. They could also pay for their land in chucks of time