Yorktown surrender 1781 granger

History Unit 2 12/11/16

  • Stamp Act Protest

    After the Stamp Act was passed the colonist grew angry because the British were taking every coin they had worked for. Once all colonist had enough of the Stamp Act they decided to unite together and deft against the British.This is when the secret rebellion group called "The Sons of Liberty" has been created with Samuel Adams as one of its main founders. The Sons of Liberty had began to harass tax collectors, stamp agents, etc. this caused all stamp agents to quit their jobs.
  • Stamp Act

    The stamp act forced all colonist to buy paper with special stamps for all legal documents license newspaper and flips in almanacs and playing cards and dice. This caused all the colonist to lose a lot of money, which caused them to get angry and start a rebellion. The colonist who do not follow the Stamp Act had to go to court were they could be convicted. this also made the colonist very angry.
  • Stamp Act congress meeting

    Delegates all meet up in New York, but only delegates from 9 colonies. This is when they issued a " Declaration of Rights and Grievances" which basically said that Parliament couldn't pass taxes because the colonist were not represented in the Parliament . Now for the first time since moving to the new world, all colonies decide to finally work in union rather than individuals.
  • Stamp act resolution

    Individual colonial assemblies confronted the Stamp Act measures, this is when Virginia's found solutions that were produced by the lawyer Patrick Henry. This resolution said how only the colony the colonist live in can tax them. This eased the colonist anger a little but they were still aggravated that Britain is stealing the money they work night and day for.
  • No more Stamp act = Declaratory act

    Parliament has decided to repeal or take back the Stamp Act because the colonist were getting out of hand with all the rebelling. But Britain passed the Declaratory act to show to the colonist that they (Britain) is indeed still in charge of them . The Declaratory act gave Parliament the right to bind colonies and create new laws as they wish to whenever they want to.
  • The Townshend Act

    1 Year after the Stamp Act was repealed Charles Townshend and the government found another devious way to collect money from the colonist. They decided to tax them indirectly which means they tried taxing the colonist by imported goods. This became known as the Townshend act, which caused the colonist to outrage, and express themselves in another rebellion by refusing to buy imported goods and make their own goods and boycott.
  • Smuggling

    John Hancock had smuggled wine into the colonies without paying custom taxes. This caused the custom agents to get irritated and decided to retaliate by posting 2,000 British soldiers whom wore red coats so they later got the name "Redcoats" in the colonies.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    people gathered in front of the custom House in Boston. They mocked and teased the redcoats. After a while the began to throw snow and stones at the soldiers provoking them. After being told not to shoot the soldiers shot at the crowd of colonist killing 5 of them. According to the newspaper Crispus Attucks was the first to die. (Attucks was a man with African and Native ancestry.)
  • Boston Tea Party // Tea Act

    Boston Tea Party // Tea Act
    A group of colonist from the rebellion group "sons of liberty" decided to dress up Native Americans and dump all of Britain imported tea into the ocean because the colonist were so outraged with everything being taxed and expensive. The Tea Act was passed so the company could sell tea with out taxes to save them from bankruptcy but the colonist still didn't like it, instead of buying cheaper tea they dumped all of it in the ocean and this became known as the Boston tea party
  • Intolerable acts//Quartering acts

    King George III was furious with the destruction of all the tea in the colonies. So in 1774 parliament passed the intolerable act. These acts were to punish the colonies such as shutting down the harbor, and placing redcoats within the colonist homes (known as quartering acts). Lastly Massachusetts was appointed new governor of that colony. These series of actions caused the colonist to snap, or get extremely mad.
  • Concord and Lexington

    General Gage sent men to Concord to follow up on the rumor that weapons might have been stored in a barn and empty buildings, and private homes. once the snow cleared up General Gage decided to go down Lexington road down to Concord to destroy every bit of weapons there is in the town.
  • Common Sense by Thomas Paine

    Thomas Paine has written a pamphlet that basically explained his own revolt against King George III and basically attacks King George III. This Pamphlet has been getting in the minds of a lot of colonist, making them become patriots and turn against the king.
  • Paul Revere

    In the night of April 18, Paul revere, William Daves, and Samuel Prescott spread the word of any redcoats, soldiers, Common British were headed up to Concord. They rang church bells and shot guns to warn the Colonist that the regulars were coming. Revere was able to talk to John Adams and John Hancock before the British came and told them to go through the back through the forest. Revere was captured but soon released when the British realized colonist were waiting for them in Lexington.
  • Lexington

    Once the British arrived in Lexington They warned the minutemen. Shots began to fly and it caused all the non-injured or dead minutemen to runaway int terror. The Battle of Lexington lasted a total of 15 Minutes.
  • Battle at Bunker Hill

    This was an intense battle between 2,400 redcoats, and colonist. The British were sweating and the colonist were actually keeping the fight going. The first attempt the militia one, the second attempt the redcoats made the militia one, but lastly the third attempt the redcoats won. Only because the militia ran out of ammo. (Bunker Hill was also known as Breed hill Which is its actual name.)
  • Olive Branch petition

    The Olive Branch Petition was the colonies the Second Continental Congress' way of trying to form a peaceful and reunited relationship between the colonies and British. They wanted to return to the former harmony between them but King George refused because of all the Bloodshed, which made him extremely angry. In return King George officially announced the rebellion and has ordered a naval blockade of the entire coast of the colonies.
  • Father Vs. Son

    Benjamin Franklin had a son named William. Benjamin was a patriot ( someone who supports independence for soon to be America) while his son was a Loyalist ( someone who was loyal to the British King.) On August 2 , William wrote a letter to Lord Dartmouth which said who side he was on.
  • Moving the War

    The British had retreated down to the middle states from Boston. Their plan was to take over and win the rebellion by concurring New York city.
  • Declaration of Independence

    delegates had to vote anonymously to decide if they wanted America to be free/independent. The actual document was written by Thomas Jefferson who was a Virginia lawyer. After announcing Americas Independence and read to all the colonist in Philadelphia state house which is now known as the Independence hall. The document and announcement gave all patriots a sense of pride, rush, and anxiety.
  • Defeat in New York

    This was the summer when General William Howe and Admiral Richard Howe joined together and sailed towards New York harbor with the largest British force ever (32,000 soldiers including German mercenaries.) German mercenaries are soldiers you pay to fight for you. (Aka hessian). General Washington as rallied 23,000 men to defend New York, but he was outnumbered.
  • Merry Christmas

    General Washington risked everything this night by having 2,400 men row across the freezing cold Delaware river in the middle of the storm. At 8 a.m the troops has killed 30 hessian and took 918 captive because they were all too drunk to fight back so it was an easy victory. 8 days later the troops won again against the British in Princeton.
  • Reenlist

    December 31, 1776 was the date that all of Washington men were enlisted to fight in the war until. He had fewer that 8,000 men because most of them died or got deserted. He desperately needed a victory to give his army a reason on why they should keep fighting against the British army.
  • Battle of Saratoga

    The Continental Army surrounded Burgoyne at Saratoga. This lose for the British cause them to change up their entire fighting strategy. They started to to keep all of their men close to the coast where they had the big guns and bases so they can resupply. That is also where they kept their British fleets. This battle was a victory for the continental army.
  • Continental army transformation

    The snow started to clear and the weather got nicer which really made the army happy. They started to train and they had help from Friedrich von Steuben who is a Prussian captain whom volunteered to help whip Washington men into shape. They started to become for effective and skilled in being a fighting force.
  • The British move south

    After the defeat at Saratoga, they decided to go south to find more loyalist support and take over there colonies. Within a few days their expedition took over and started to command Georgia again. They started to slowly conquer everything North such as Charles town in South Carolina. Their army as gain tons of Africans whom escaped patriot slaves and decide to help the British conquer the colonies again.
  • Assistance

    Marquis de Lafayette was an idealistic french aristocrat who also volunteered to help out the Continental army in their road to independence. He was also known as very brave, and intelligent. He was only 20 years old at the time and he led a command in Virginia during the last years of the war.
  • Continental army retaliate

    General George Washington has sent General Greene down south to distract and harass Cornwallis as he attempts to take over all the lower colonies. General Greene split up his army into 2 groups, and sent one to South Carolina to reclaim it under General Daniel Morgan. The British expected the outnumbered American army to run away but they stayed and fought back. General Daniel Morgan won the battle which angered Cornwallis.
  • The British Surrender at Yorktown

    The British Surrender at Yorktown
    6,000 French landed in Rhode island, and join forced with the Americans. Lafayette plan was to surround Cornwallis because they received word they he will be traveling on the peninsula also known as Yorktown. Once Cornwallis realized he was greatly outnumbered by 17,000 men he was forced to raise the white flag and surrender October 17, 1781. the French and american accept the the surrender 2 days later.
  • Seeking peace

    After the American army as one, 4 nations decided to negotiate and talk about the peace, looking out for their own interest. These four nations for the United States, France, Britain, and Spain. America wanted independence, France supported America but were afraid of them growing too strong, Britain didn't want to loose full custody of America, lastly Spain want to gain a little land in America.
  • Treaty of Paris

    All delegates signed the treaty of Paris. this treaty has given America its full independence, it also set boundaries for the land and set boundaries for the new nation. which will soon in the future cause more trouble.