Unit 2

By T.John3
  • French and Indian War

    .British vs. French
    .George Washington attacked French Fort Duquesne
    .Attack was unsuccesful
    .Began the War
  • Treaty of Paris 1763

    .ended the French and Indian War
    .Britain claimed all land east of the Mississippi River
    .war was costly $$$
    .colonists began to settle in Ohio River Valley
    .Natives responded by attacking colonists
  • Proclamation of 1763

    .colonists were not allowed to settle west of Appalachian Mts
    .sent troops to protect colonists and prevent colonists from crossing over
    .British angry that colonists didn't want to pay for protection
    .1st time colonists had hostility towards Mother England
  • Sugar Act

    .1st tax on colonial goods
    .Helped Britain to pay of war dept
    . a.k.a the Molasses Act
  • Stamp Act

    .Passed tax on all official paper goods
    .cards, wills, deeds, etc
    .also used to pay off British war dept
  • Quartering Act

    .Established to save the British gov't money
    . Allowed soldiers the right to exoect room and board from colonists
  • Townshned Act

    .Placed import taxes on British exports
    .Lead, paint, paper, glass, tea, etc.
    .used to pay off British war dept
  • Writs of Assistance

    .allowed British troops to search ships and houses for smuggled goods
    .British did not want American colonists to trade with anyone unless through them
    .hoped to keep direct trade between colonies and England
  • Boston Massacre

    .5 colonists killed by British regulars
    .protest had formed
    .British started to fire
    .Crispus Attucks among the killed
  • Tea Act

    . designed to prop up the East India Company which was floundering financially and burdened with eighteen million pounds of unsold tea
    .tea shipped from England directly to colonies
    .undercut the business of local merchants
  • Boston Tea Party

    . arranged by the Boston Sons of Liberty
    .raided British cargo ships dressed as Indians
    .crates of tea were dumped into the harbor
  • Intolerable Acts

    .as result of Boston Tea Part
    .shipped tea directly from England to America
    .supposeed to lower tea prices
    .banned town hall meetings
    .shut down Boston Harbor
  • 1st Contiental Congress

    .drafted the Olive Branch to Petition
    .tried to find a way to make peace with Great Britain and to repeal Intolerable Acts
    .Petition was rejected by the King
  • Concord

    .MinuteMen retreated to Concord
    .British wanted to destroy militia's weapons
    .militia men grew to 400 men
    .British retreated
  • Lexington

    .first battle of the Revolutionary War
    .8 colonists were killed
    .77 MinuteMen waited
    .Midnight Ride warned the colonists
  • 2nd Continental Congress

    .created the Continental Army with George Washington as their general
    .authorized the printing of money
    .Olive Branch Petition as final attempt at peace
  • Fort Ticonderoga

    .surprise attack on the British in the morning
    .less than a hundred militiamen
    .first actual battle of the Revolutionary War
  • Bunker Hill

    .1500 British soldiers against American soldiers on the hill
    .Americans were low on supplies
    ."Don't shoot until you see the whites of their eyes!"
    .British victory but with with more British casualties than American
  • Common Sense

    .by Thomas Paine
    .small phamplet
    .created to increase favor of the American Revolution
    .gained support for the Revolution
  • Battle of New York

    .British wanted to capture New York City
    .attacked Washington's army and inflicted heavy casualties
    .British occupied New York for the rest of the war
  • Declaration of Independence

    .declared America a free and independent nation
    .5 parts:
    .Part 1- Preamble
  • Battle of Trenton

    .Surprise attack on Hessian and British troops
    .Americans outnumbered the enemy
    .Colonel Rahl surrendered to the Americans
  • Battle of Princeton

  • Battle of Saratoga

    .Turning point of the Revolutionary War
    .American victory
    .led France and Spain to be our aliies
  • Winter at Valley Forge

    .Geargoe Washington and his troops waited out the winter
    .low on supplies
    .1/3 of his army died of starvation and frostbite
  • Battle of Yorktown

    .last major engagement of the war
    .General Cornwallis was trapped on a penninsula by French and Americans on land, French by sea
    .3-week siege
    .Americans won
  • Treaty of Paris 1783

    .ended the Rev. War
    .the U.S independent
    .established U.S boundries
    .U.S recieved rights to fish off Canada's Atlantic Coast
    .each side repays dept owed to eachother
    .British returned any enslaved persons they captured
    .Congress would recomend that colonies return any property seized from loyalists