Unit 11 Key Terms

  • Anti-War Movement

    is a social movement, usually in opposition to a particular nation's decision to start or carry on an armed conflict, unconditional of a maybe-existing just cause.
  • Federal Housing Authority

    The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) is a United States government agency created as part of the National Housing Act of 1934. It insured loans made by banks and other private lenders for home building and home buying.
  • Chicano Movement

    extension of the Mexican American Civil Rights Movement which began in the 1940s with the stated goal of achieving Mexican American empowerment.
  • War Powers Act

    also known as the First War Powers Act, was an American emergency law that increased Federal power during World War II.
  • Vietnam

    With an estimated 90.3 million inhabitants as of 2012, it is the world's 13th-most-populous country, and the eighth-most-populous Asian country. The name Vietnam translates as "South Viet", and was officially adopted in 1945.
  • Potsdam Conference

    The Potsdam Conference was held at Cecilienhof, the home of Crown Prince Wilhelm Hohenzollern, in Potsdam, occupied Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945. (In some older documents it is also referred to as the Berlin Conference of the Three Heads of Government of the USSR, USA and UK Participants were the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States. The three powers were represented by Communist Party General Secretary Joseph Stalin, Prime Ministers Winston Churchill
  • Domino Theory

    existed between the 1950s to 1980s, promoted at times by the United States government, which speculated that if one state in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect.
  • Great Society

    was a set of domestic programs in the United States announced by President Lyndon B. Johnson at Ohio University and subsequently promoted by him and fellow Democrats in Congress in the 1960s.
  • OPEC

    the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. Its mission is to secure a return to oil investors and an economic supply of oil to consumers.
  • Lyndon B. Johnson

    Lyndon Baines Johnson, often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States, a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President of the United States.
  • Gulf of Tonkin

    body of water located off the coast of northern Vietnam and southern China. I
  • Affirmative Action

    Affirmative action, known as positive discrimination in the United Kingdom, refers to policies that take factors including "race, color, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or national origin" into consideration in order to benefit an underrepresented group "in areas of employment, education, and business"
  • Head Start

    The Head Start Program is a program of the United States Department of Health and Human Services that provides comprehensive education, health, nutrition, and parent involvement services to low-income children and their families.
  • Roy Benavidez

    Master Sergeant Raul Perez Benavidez was a member of the Studies and Observations Group of the United States Army. He received the Medal of Honor for his actions in combat near Lộc Ninh, South Vietnam on May 2, 1968
  • Tet Offensive

    The Tet Offensive was a military campaign during the Vietnam War that was launched on January 30, 1968 by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnam against South Vietnam, the United States, and their allies. It was a campaign of surprise attacks that were launched against military and civilian command and control centers throughout South Vietnam, during a period when no attacks were supposed to take place.
  • Vietnamization

    Vietnamization was a policy of the Richard M. Nixon administration during the Vietnam War, as a result of the Viet Cong's Tet Offensive, to "expand, equip, and train South Vietnam's forces and assign to them an ever-increasing combat role, at the same time steadily reducing the number of U.S. combat troops.
  • Richard Nixon

    Richard Milhous Nixon was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974, when he became the only president to resign the office.
  • Tinker v. Des Moines

    was a decision by the United States Supreme Court that defined the constitutional rights of students in U.S. public schools.
  • 26th Amendment

    The Twenty-sixth Amendment (Amendment XXVI) to the United States Constitution bars the states and the federal government from setting a voting age higher than eighteen.
  • Title IX

    Title IX is a portion of the Education Amendments of 1972, Public Law No. 92‑318, 86 Stat. 235 (June 23, 1972), codified at 20 U.S.C. sections 1681 through 1688, U.S. legislation also identified its principal author's name as the Patsy Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act
  • The Fall of Saigon

    The Fall of Saigon (or Liberation of Saigon) was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front on April 30, 1975.
  • Abby Hoffman

    Abbot Howard "Abbie" Hoffman was a political and social activist who co-founded the Youth International Part. died 1989
  • NAFTA

    The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America.
  • Escalation

    Escalation is the process of increasing or rising, derived from the concept of an escalator.
  • Draft

    For a discussion of British and American spelling differences