U.S History

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    American Civil War

    The American Civil War was a civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865, fought between northern states loyal to the Union and southern states that had seceded to form the Confederate States of America. The principal cause of the war was the status of slavery in the United States, especially in the territories
  • • Homestead Act

    •	Homestead Act
    1862 law stating that any U.S. citizen could occupy 160 acres of government land in the west and if the settler improved the land after 5 years, they could keep the property
  • • 13th Amendment

    •	13th Amendment
    The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. The amendment was passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified by the required 27 of the then 36 states on December 6, 1865, and proclaimed on December 18
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    Reconstruction (1865-1877)

    The Reconstruction era, the period in American history that lasted from 1865 to 1877 following the American Civil War, marked a significant chapter in the history of civil rights in the United States.
  • • 14th Amendment (1868)

    •	14th Amendment (1868)
    The 14th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified on July 9, 1868, and granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included former slaves recently freed
  • •• Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    ••	Transcontinental Railroad Completed
    Transcontinental Railroad (1869) provided faster and more efficient overland service. east to west
  • • Industrialization BeginsTo Boom

    •	Industrialization BeginsTo Boom
    Industrialization was when people started building factories and manufacturing
  • • 15th Amendment (1870)

    •	15th Amendment (1870)
    Passed by Congress February 26, 1869, and ratified February 3, 1870, the 15th amendment granted African American men the right to vote. ... For more than 50 years, the overwhelming majority of African American citizens were reduced to second-class citizenship under the “Jim Crow” segregation system.
  • • Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall

    •	Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall
    An American politician most notable for being the "boss" of Tammany Hall, the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in the politics
  • • Telephone Invented

    •	Telephone Invented
    1876–1877, that a new invention called the telephone emerged. It is not easy to determine who the inventor was both Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray
  • • Reconstruction Ends

    •	Reconstruction Ends
    The Reconstruction era was the period in American history that lasted from 1863 to 1877
  • • Jim Crow Laws Start in South (1877)

    •	Jim Crow Laws Start in South (1877)
    Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States
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    The Gilded Age

    Era in late 19th century U.S. history that seemed alright on the outside but was politically
    corrupt with serious social problems internally. The term was derived from writer Mark Train’s 1873 novel the
    Gilded Age which he implied that the period was glittering gold on the surface but unethical/dishonest
  • • Light Bulb Invented

    •	Light Bulb Invented
    Edison had built his first high resistance, incandescent electric light. It worked by passing electricity through a thin platinum
  • • 3rd Wave of Immigration

    •	3rd Wave of Immigration
    Early immigration (1700s–1850): Immigrants from western and northern Europe arrived in great numbers for economic, political, and religious reasons. Germans and Irish, in particular, came to the United States in the 1830s and 1840s.
  • • Pendleton Act

    •	Pendleton Act
    he Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act is a United States federal law passed by the 47th United States Congress
  • • Dawes Act

    •	Dawes Act
    An act to remove native Americans from their land and make them do white traditions
  • • Interstate Commerce Act

    •	Interstate Commerce Act
    The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 is a United States federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly its monopolistic practices.
  • • Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth

    •	Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth
    The 'Gospel of Wealth' was an article written by Andrew Carnegie in 1889. Carnegie, a steel magnate, argued that very wealthy men like him had a responsibility to use their wealth for the greater good of society.
  • Chicago hull house

    Chicago hull house
    1.Hull House was a settlement house in Chicago, Illinois
    2.co-founded in 1889 by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr.
    3. Located on the Near West Side of the city, Hull House opened to serve recently arrived European immigrants.
  • • Klondike Gold Rush

    •	Klondike Gold Rush
    The discovery of gold in the northwestern U.S
  • • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    •	Sherman Anti-Trust Act
  • How the Other Half Lives

    How the Other Half Lives
    A publication by photojournalist
    Publicated by Jacob Riis
    Documented the filthy living conditions in New York City tenements and slums in the 1800s
  • Influence of Sea Power Upon History

    Influence of Sea Power Upon History
    1.argued that sea power was the key to military and economic expansion.
    2.The book was an instant classic that proved highly influential in both American and foreign circle
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    Progressive Era

    1.Supported wide spread social activism
    2.supported political reform in the US
    3.Mainly the cause was to fix the problems of the US
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    Type of government that seeks to increase its size, either by forcing (through war) or influencing (through politics) other countries to submit to their rule.
  • • Homestead Steel Labor Strike (1892)

    •	Homestead Steel Labor Strike (1892)
    1862 law stating that any U.S. citizen could occupy 160 acres of government land in the
    west and if the settler improved the land after 5 years, they could keep the property
  • • Pullman Labor Strike

    •	Pullman Labor Strike
    To gain workers rights because of the abuse of hours of work and low wages.
  • • Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

    •	Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
    Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537, was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal"
  • Annexation of Hawaii

    Annexation of Hawaii
    1.Annexed 1897
    2. Hawaii was a country at the beginning
    Was annexed by president Mckinney
  • Spanish American War

    Spanish American War
    898 military conflict between the U.S. and Spain that took place in Cuba, an island in the Caribbean that was controlled by the Spanish. The war began when the USS Maine, an American naval ship, was blown up in Havana Harbor. The war only lasted one year and the U.S. won. This resulted in the U.S. gaining temporary control of Cuba and ownership of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines from the Spanish.
  • Open Door Policy

    Open Door Policy
    1.U.S. foreign policy in 1899, under which ALL nations (America and Europe) would have equal opportunities to trade in China
    2.ons used it as a form of imperialism to control China. This led to anti-Western sentiments/feelings in China such as the Boxer Rebellion.
    3. Christian uprising that took place in China between 1899 and 1901 which was motivated by proto-nationalist sentiments and opposition to Western colonialism and associated Christian missionary activity.
  • Assasination of President Mckinney

    Assasination of President Mckinney
    William McKinley was the 25th president of the United States from 1897, until his assassination in 1901
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    Theodore Rosevelt

    was an American statesman, conservationist, naturalist, historian and writer, who served as the 26th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909. President during the Proggresive Era. Policies included included regulation of railroad rates and pure foods and drugs; he saw it as a fair deal for both the average citizen and the businessmen. Sympathetic to both business and labor, Roosevelt avoided labor strife, most notably negotiating a settlement to the great Coal Strike of 1902.
  • Panama Canal U.S. Construction Begins

    Panama Canal U.S. Construction Begins
  • The Jungle

    The Jungle
    A 1906 novel
    Written by Upton Sinclair
    Portrayed the harsh conditions and exploited lives of immigrants in Chicago
    readers were more concerned with his exposure of health violations and unsanitary practices in the American meatpacking industry.
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    Pure Food and Drug Act
    Consumer Protection law
    It was enacted by US congress
    purpose to ban foreign and interstate trade in contaminated or mislabeled food and drug products
  • Model - T

    *Ford Model T- Using assembly line, Henry Ford mass-produce affordable automobiles

    1.Civil Rights organization
    2.formed in 1909 to advance justice for African Americans
    3. Founder W.E.B Du Bois
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    William Howard Tarft

    William Howard Taft was the 27th president of the United States and the tenth Chief Justice of the United States, the only person to have held both offices. He was a republican He was committed to the expansion of U.S. foreign trade
  • 16th Amendment

    Congress can collect a federal income tax from the people.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    1.Signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson
    2.allows the U.S. government to issue federal notes U.S. dollars
    3. Which causes s legal tender in order to provide the nation with a safer, more flexible, and more stable monetary and financial system.
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    Woodrow Wilson

    Woodrow Wilson was an American politician and academic who served as the 28th president of the United States from 1913 to 1921. A member of the Democratic Party led America through World War I and crafted the Versailles Treaty's "Fourteen Points," the last of which was creating a League of Nations to ensure
    world peace moral diplomacy replaced the dollar diplomacy of William Howard Taft, which highlighted the importance of economic support to improve bilateral ties between two nations.
  • 17th amendment

    Establishes the popular election of United States Senators by the people of the states
  • • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    •	Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    *Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand- Serbian nationalist shot heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne in 1914
  • • Trench Warfare, Poison Gas, and Machine Guns

    •	Trench Warfare, Poison Gas, and Machine Guns
    *Trench Warfare- Fighting where two sides fight each other from opposing trenches (long narrow ditches)
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    World War I

    World War I was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
  • • Sinking of the Lusitania

    •	Sinking of the Lusitania
    British ocean liner carrying Americans that was sunk off the coast of Ireland by German U-Boats in 1915
  • National Parks

    National Parks
  • • Zimmerman Telegram (

    •	Zimmerman Telegram (
    1917 message British intercepted from the German government to the Mexican government offering German support if Mexico declared war against the U.S. and offered to return land Mexico had lost to the U.S
  • • Russian Revolution

    •	Russian Revolution
    Uprising by the Bolsheviks that destroyed the Tsarist (Czar) autocracy and led to the rise of communism and the Soviet Union in Russia
  • • U.S. entry into WWI

    •	U.S. entry into WWI
    U.S. Entry into World War I, 1917. On April 2, 1917, President Woodrow Wilson went before a joint session of Congress to request a declaration of war against Germany
  • • Battle of Argonne Forest

    Last major battle of WWI. It stretched along the entire Western Front and was fought from September 26, 1918 until the Armistice of November 11, 1918 (a total of 47 days).
  • • Armistice

    *Armistice (1918)- Ceasefire! Formal agreement of warring parties to stop fighting
  • • Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points

    The Fourteen Points was a statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I. The principles were outlined in a January 8, 1918, speech on war aims and peace terms to the United States Congress by President Woodrow Wilson.
  • • Treaty of Versailles

    *Treaty of Versailles (1919)- Blamed Germany for WWI and demanded exorbitant reparations from the them
  • 18th Admendmentt

    Made the sale and consumption of alcohol illegal in the United States. It was later repealed by the 21st Amendment.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    Women suffrage
  • • President Harding’s Return to Normalcy

  • • Harlem Renaissance

    •	Harlem Renaissance
    A period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished such as the poetry produced by Langston Hughes
  • • Red Scare

    •	Red Scare
    Caused hysteria and Intense fear of communism and other politically radical ideas in America
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    Roaring 20s

  • • Teapot Dome Scandal

    •	Teapot Dome Scandal
    -- Harding Administration secret leasing of oil-rich public land to private companies in return for money and land. Public angry because of corruption in government
  • • Joseph Stalin Leads USSR

    •	Joseph Stalin Leads USSR
    oseph Stalin during the Russian Revolution, Civil War, and the Polish–Soviet War. Joseph Stalin was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953. In the years following Lenin's death in 1924, he rose to become the leader of the Soviet Union.
  • • Scopes “Monkey” Trial

    •	Scopes “Monkey” Trial
    Otherwise known as the “Monkey Trial”1925, the trial pitted the teaching of Darwin's theory of evolution against teaching Bible creationism in schools
  • • Charles Lindbergh’s Trans-Atlantic Flight

    •	Charles Lindbergh’s Trans-Atlantic Flight
    *Aviation and Charles Lindbergh- Airplanes became a new form of transportation and Charles Lindbergh was the first person to fly non-stop across the Atlantic Ocean
  • • St. Valentine’s Day Massacre

    The Saint Valentine's Day Massacre was the 1929 murder of seven members and associates of Chicago's North Side Gang that occurred on Saint Valentine's Day. The men were gathered at a Lincoln Park garage on the morning of that feast day
  • • Stock Market Crashes “Black Tuesday

    The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as the Great Crash, was a major American stock market crash that occurred in the fall of 1929. It started in September and ended late in October, when share prices on the New York Stock Exchange collapsed.
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    Great Depression

    The Great Depression was an economic crisis in the United States beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s that saw widespread poverty and unemployment. When the stock market crashed on October 29, 1929, this was known as Black Tuesday
  • • Hoovervilles

    •	Hoovervilles
    Unplanned slum development on the outskirts of cities, dominated by crude dwellings and shelters made mostly of scrap wood, iron, and even pieces of cardboard.
  • • Smoot-Hawley Tariff (

    •	Smoot-Hawley Tariff (
    Legislation passed in 1930 under President Hoover that established very high tariffs (taxes on imports). Its objective was to reduce foreign imports and stimulate the domestic economy, but it only angered other countries and drastically weakened international trade.
  • • 100, 000 Banks Have Failed

    Because of the stock market crash, people began to panic about their finances. Bank runs were widespread panic in which great numbers of people try to withdraw all their money from banks at one time. Banks did not have everyone’s money, and many people lost all of their savings
  • • Agriculture Adjustment Administration

    •	Agriculture Adjustment Administration
    The AAA provided direct payments to farmers who agreed to reduce their production of certain crops. Lower production helped to increase crop prices.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
    The FDIC was created to restore Americans’ confidence in the nation’s banking system. It guaranteed the safety of accounts in the event of a bank failure.
  • • Public Works Administration (PWA

    •	Public Works Administration (PWA
    The PWA paid construction workers to build dams, ports, and other huge “public works
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    Franklin D. Roosevelt

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt, often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
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    New Deal Programs

    Major federal programs and agencies included the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), the Civil Works Administration (CWA), the Farm Security Administration (FSA), the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933 (NIRA) and the Social Security Administration (SSA
  • Dust Bowl

    Dust Bowl
    Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought and huge dust storms in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages. Many people had to move away from their homes and the term “Okies” was given to farmers who in the Great Depression, were forced to move due to the Dust Bowl (many moved to Oklahoma).
  • • Social Security Administration (SSA)

    The SSA provided money for retired workers, people who lost their jobs, dependent children, and those with disabilities.
  • GI Bill

    GI Bill
    Law passed in 1944 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) to help returning veterans (people that fight in the military) buy homes and pay for higher education.
  • United Nation UN

    United Nation UN
    The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.
  • Germany Divided

    Germany Divided
    After the Potsdam conference, Germany was divided into four occupied zones: Great Britain in the northwest, France in the southwest, the United States in the south and the Soviet Union in the east. Berlin, the capital city situated in Soviet territory, was also divided into four occupied zones.
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    Baby Boom

    Baby boomers are the demographic cohort following the Silent Generation and preceding Generation X. The generation is generally defined as people born from 1946 to 1964, during the post–World War II baby boom.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    the principle that the US should give support to countries or peoples threatened by Soviet forces or Communist insurrection. First expressed in 1947 by US President Truman in a speech to Congress seeking aid for Greece and Turkey, the doctrine was seen by the Communists as an open declaration of the Cold War
  • 22nd Amendment

    	22nd Amendment
    No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of President more than once.
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    The Cold War

    The state of hostility, without actual direct warfare, that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union from the end of World War II until the collapse of the Soviet Union and communism in Eastern Europe in 1991.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall  Plan
    The Marshall Plan was an American initiative passed in 1948 for foreign aid to Western Europe. The United States transferred over $12 billion in economic recovery programs to Western European economies after the end of World War II
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    The Berlin Blockade was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Western control
  • • Arab-Israeli War Begins (1948)

    •	Arab-Israeli War Begins (1948)
    The Arab-Israeli War of 1948 broke out when five Arab nations invaded territory in the former Palestinian mandate immediately following the announcement of the independence of the state of Israel on May 14, 1948
  • NATO Formed

    NATO Formed
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 European and North American countries. The organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949
  • Kim Il-sung invades South Korea (1950)

  • UN forces push North Korea to Yalu River- the border with China (1950)

  • Chinese forces cross Yalu and enter Korean War (1950)

    Chinese forces cross Yalu and enter Korean War (1950)
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    Korean War

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    The booming prosperity of the 1950s helped to create a widespread sense of stability, contentment and consensus in the United States. However, that consensus was a fragile one, and it splintered for good during the tumultuous 1960s
  • Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Execution

  • Armistice Signed (1953)

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    Dwight D. Eisenhowe

    Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower GCB OM GCS CCLH KC was an American politician and soldier who served as the 34th president of the United States from 1953 to 1961. During World War II, he became a five-star general in the Army and served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force in Europe.
  • • Vietnam Independence but Country Split at 17th Parallel (1954)

    •	Vietnam Independence but Country Split at 17th Parallel (1954)
    In July 1954, the Geneva Agreements were signed. As part of the agreement, the French agreed to withdraw their troops from northern Vietnam. Vietnam would be temporarily divided at the 17th parallel, pending elections within two years to choose a president and reunite the country
  • • Ho Chi Minh Established Communist Rule in North Vietnam (1954)

    •	Ho Chi Minh Established Communist Rule in North Vietnam (1954)
    Hồ Chí Minh led the Việt Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the Communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at the Battle of Điện Biên Phủ, ending the First Indochina War.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    The Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO), officially the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, commonly known as the Warsaw Pact (WP), was a collective defense treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland between the Soviet Union and seven other Eastern Bloc socialist republics of Central and Eastern Europe
  • Polio Vaccine created by Jonas Salk

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    Vietnam War (1955- 1975)

    The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America or simply the American War, was a conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975
  • Interstate Highway Act

    Interstate Highway Act
    Signed by President Eisenhower in 1956, law that authorized the spending of $32 billion to build 41,000 miles of highway in the United States,
  • Elvis Presley First Hit Son

    Elvis Presley First Hit Son
    On January 27, 1956, the first RCA single, "Heartbreak Hotel" b/w "I Was the One" was released, giving Elvis a nationwide breakthrough. His reputation as a performer on stage was already growing in the same dimensions. On March 23, 1956, the first album, Elvis Presley, was released (RCA 1254).
  • Sputnik

    Sputnik 1 was the first artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957. It orbited for three weeks before its batteries died and then orbited silently for two months before it fell back into the atmosphere.
  • Leave it to Beaver First Airs on TV

    Leave it to Beaver First Airs on TV
    Leave It to Beaver ran for six full 39-week seasons (234 episodes). The series had its debut on CBS on October 4, 1957. The following season, it moved to ABC, where it stayed until completing its run on June 20, 1963.
  • • Civil Rights Act of 1957 (1957)

    •	Civil Rights Act of 1957 (1957)
    The Civil Rights Act of 1957 was the first federal civil rights legislation passed by the United States Congress since the Civil Rights Act of 1875. The bill was passed by the 85th United States Congress and signed into law by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on September 9, 1957
  • • Little Rock Nine (1957)

    •	Little Rock Nine (1957)
    The Little Rock Nine was a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. Their enrollment was followed by the Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Orval Faubus, the Governor of Arkansas.
  • • Kennedy versus Nixon TV Debate (1960)

    •	Kennedy versus Nixon TV Debate (1960)
    First Debate telivised In a closely contested election, Democratic United States Senator John F. Kennedy defeated incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, the Republican Party nominee. This was the first election in which fifty states participated and the last in which the District of Columbia did not
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961)

    Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961)
    The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed landing operation on the southwestern coast of Cuba in 1961 by Cuban exiles who opposed Fidel Castro's Cuban Revolution
  • • Peace Corps Formed (1961)

    •	Peace Corps Formed (1961)
    Following up on the idea he launched at the University of Michigan, President Kennedy signed an executive order establishing the Peace Corps on March 1, 1961. Three days later, R. Sargent Shriver became its first Director. Deployment was rapid: Volunteers began serving in five countries in 1961
  • • Affirmative Action (1961)

    •	Affirmative Action (1961)
    Kennedy's Executive Order (E.O.) 10925 used affirmative action for the first time by instructing federal contractors to take "affirmative action to ensure that applicants are treated equally without regard to race, color, religion, sex, or national origin." Created the Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity.
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    John F. Kennedy (1961- 1963

    John Fitzgerald Kennedy, often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States from 1961 until his assassination in 1963
  • • Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)

    •	Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)
    The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis of 1962, the Caribbean Crisis, or the Missile Scare, was a 1 month, 4 day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union
  • • Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas, Texas (1963)

    •	Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas, Texas (1963)
    Shortly after noon on November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated as he rode in a motorcade through Dealey Plaza in downtown Dallas, Texas. By the fall of 1963, President John F. Kennedy and his political advisers were preparing for the next presidential campaign
  • • George Wallace Blocks University of Alabama Entrance (1963)

     •	George Wallace Blocks University of Alabama Entrance (1963)
    George Wallace, the Governor of Alabama, in a symbolic attempt to keep his inaugural promise of "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever" and stop the desegregation of schools, stood at the door of the auditorium as if to block the entry of two African American students: Vivian Malone and James Hood
  • • The Feminine Mystique (1963)

    •	The Feminine Mystique (1963)
    The Feminine Mystique is a book by Betty Friedan that is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States. It was published on February 19, 1963 by W. W. Norton
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    Lyndon B. Johnson (1963- 1969)

    Lyndon Baines Johnson August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th president of the United States from 1963 to 1969, and previously as 37th vice president from 1961 to 1963.
  • • The Great Society (1964)

    •	The Great Society (1964)
    The main goal was the total elimination of poverty and racial injustice. New major spending programs that addressed education, medical care, urban problems, rural poverty, and transportation were launched during this period.
  • • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964)

    •	Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964)
    On August 7, 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, authorizing President Johnson to take any measures he believed were necessary to retaliate and to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia
  • • Civil Rights Act of 1964 (1964)

    •	Civil Rights Act of 1964 (1964)
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark civil rights and labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, national origin, and later sexual orientation and gender identit
  • • Israeli-Palestine Conflict Begins (1964)

    •	Israeli-Palestine Conflict Begins (1964)
    The Israeli–Palestinian conflict is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century amidst the greater Arab–Israeli conflict. Various attempts have been made to resolve the conflict as part of the Israeli–Palestinian peace process.
  • • Voting Rights Act of 1965 (1965)

    •	Voting Rights Act of 1965 (1965)
    The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is a landmark piece of federal legislation in the United States that prohibits racial discrimination in voting.
  • • Thurgood Marshall Appointed to Supreme Court

    •	Thurgood Marshall Appointed to Supreme Court
    On August 30, 1967, the Senate confirmed Thurgood Marshall as the first African-American to serve as a Supreme Court Justice. Marshall was no stranger to the Senate or the Supreme Court at the time. Marshall was confirmed in a 69-11 floor vote to join the Court
  • • Six Day War (1967)

    •	Six Day War (1967)
    The Six-Day War, also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 between Israel and Jordan, Syria, and Egypt. Relations between Israel and its neighbors were not normalized after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War
  • • Tet Offensive (1968)

    •	Tet Offensive (1968)
    In late January, 1968, during the lunar new year (or “Tet”) holiday, North Vietnamese and communist Viet Cong forces launched a coordinated attack against a number of targets in South Vietnam. ... The Tet Offensive played an important role in weakening U.S. public support for the war in Vietnam
  • • My Lai Massacre (1968)

    •	My Lai Massacre (1968)
    The Mỹ Lai massacre was the Vietnam War mass murder of unarmed South Vietnamese civilians by U.S. troops in Sơn Tịnh District, South Vietnam, on March 16, 1968
  • • Vietnamization (1969)

    •	Vietnamization (1969)
    Vietnamization was a policy of the Richard Nixon administration to end U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War through a program to "expand, equip, and train South Vietnamese forces and assign to them an ever-increasing combat role, at the same time steadily reducing the number of U.S. combat troops
  • • Woodstock Music Festival (1969)

  • • Draft Lottery (1969

  • • Manson Family Murders (1969)

  • • Apollo 11 (1969)

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    Richard Nixon (1969- 1974)

    Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th president of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. A member of the Republican Party, Nixon previously served as the 36th vice president from 1953 to 1961, having risen to national prominence as a representative and senator from California
  • • Invasion of Cambodia (1970)

    •	Invasion of Cambodia (1970)
    The Cambodian campaign was a brief series of military operations conducted in eastern Cambodia, which was officially a neutral country, in 1970 by South Vietnam and the United States as an extension of the Vietnam War and the Cambodian Civil War.
  • • Kent State Shootings (1970)

  • • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (1970)

    •	Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (1970)
    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is an independent executive agency of the United States federal government tasked with environmental protection matters. President Richard Nixon proposed the establishment of EPA on July 9, 1970; it began operation on December 2, 1970, after Nixon signed an executive order.
  • • Pentagon Papers (1971)

    •	Pentagon Papers (1971)
    The Pentagon Papers, officially titled Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force, is a United States Department of Defense history of the United States' political and military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967
  • • 26th Amendment (1971)

  • • Policy of Détente Begins (1971)

    •	Policy of Détente Begins (1971)
    Détente, period of the easing of Cold War tensions between the U.S. and the Soviet Union from 1967 to 1979. The era was a time of increased trade and cooperation with the Soviet Union and the signing of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) treaties. Relations cooled again with the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
  • Period: to

    Jimmy Carter (1971-1981)

    James Earl Carter Jr. is an American politician, businessman, and philanthropist who served as the 39th president of the United States from 1977 to 1981. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served as a Georgia State Senator from 1963 to 1967 and as the 76th governor of Georgia from 1971 to 1975
  • • Title IX (1972)

    •	Title IX (1972)
    Title IX is a federal civil rights law in the United States of America that was passed as part of the Education Amendments of 1972. It prohibits sex-based discrimination in any school or other education program that receives federal money. This is Public Law No. 92‑318, 86 Stat
  • • Nixon Visits Communist China (1972)

    •	Nixon Visits Communist China (1972)
    The seven-day official visit to three Chinese cities was the first time a U.S. president had visited the PRC; Nixon's arrival in Beijing ended 25 years of no communication or diplomatic ties between the two countries and was the key step in normalizing relations between the U.S. and PRC.
  • • War Powers Resolution (1973)

    •	War Powers Resolution (1973)
    The War Powers Resolution (also known as the War Powers Resolution of 1973 or the War Powers Act) (50 U.S.C. 1541–1548) is a federal law intended to check the U.S. president's power to commit the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of the U.S. Congress.
  • • Roe v. Wade (1973)

    •	Roe v. Wade (1973)
    Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that the Constitution of the United States protects a pregnant woman's liberty to choose to have an abortion without excessive government restriction.
  • • Engaged Species Act

    •	Engaged Species Act
    Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531-1544, 87 Stat. ... Through federal action and by encouraging the establishment of state programs, the 1973 Endangered Species Act provided for the conservation of ecosystems upon which threatened and endangered species of fish, wildlife, and plants depend
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    Gerald Ford

    Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. (/ˈdʒɛrəld/; born Leslie Lynch King Jr.; July 14, 1913 – December 26, 2006) was an American politician and attorney who served as the 38th president of the United States from 1974 to 1977. ... To date, this was the last intra-term U.S. presidential succession.
  • • Fall of Saigon (1975

    •	Fall of Saigon (1975
    The Fall of Saigon, also known as the Liberation of Saigon, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam and the Viet Cong on 30 April 1975
  • • Community Reinvestment Act of 1977

    •	Community Reinvestment Act of 1977
    The Community Reinvestment Act (CRA), enacted in 1977, requires the Federal Reserve and other federal banking regulators to encourage financial institutions to help meet the credit needs of the communities in which they do business, including low- and moderate-income (LMI) neighborhoods
  • • Conservative Resurgence (1981)

    •	Conservative Resurgence (1981)
    Beginning in 1979, the Southern Baptist Convention experienced an intense struggle for control of the organization. Its initiators called it the conservative resurgence while its detractors labeled it the fundamentalist takeover.
  • • “Trickle Down Economics” (1981)

    •	“Trickle Down Economics” (1981)
    Cuts worked during Reagan's presidency because the highest tax rate was 70%. They have a much weaker effect when tax rates are below 50%. Reaganomics would not work today because tax rates are already low compared to historical levels of 70%
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    Ronald Reagan (1981- 1989)

    Ronald Wilson Reagan was an American politician who served as the 40th president of the United States from 1981 to 1989 and became a highly influential voice of modern conservatism. Prior to his presidency, he was a Hollywood actor and union leader before serving as the 33rd governor of California from 1967 to 1975
  • • “Mr. Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall!” (1987)

    •	“Mr. Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall!” (1987)
    "Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall", also known as the Berlin Wall Speech, was a speech delivered by United States President Ronald Reagan in West Berlin on June 12, 1987
  • • End of Cold War (1989)

    •	End of Cold War (1989)
    During 1989 and 1990, the Berlin Wall came down, borders opened, and free elections ousted Communist regimes everywhere in eastern Europe. In late 1991 the Soviet Union itself dissolved into its component republics. With stunning speed, the Iron Curtain was lifted and the Cold War came to an end
  • • Berlin Wall Falls (1989)

    •	Berlin Wall Falls (1989)
    The fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989 was a pivotal event in world history which marked the falling of the Iron Curtain and the start of the fall of communism in Eastern and Central Europe. The fall of the inner German border took place shortly afterwards.
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    George H. W. Bush (1989- 1993)

    George Herbert Walker Bush was an American politician, diplomat and businessman who served as the 41st president of the United States from 1989 to 1993
  • • Germany Reunification (1990)

    •	Germany Reunification (1990)
    German reunification was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic became part of the Federal Republic of Germany to form the reunited nation of Germany. The end of the unification process is officially referred to as German unity, celebrated each year on 3 October as German Unity Day.
  • • Iraq Invades Kuwait (1990)

    •	Iraq Invades Kuwait (1990)
    The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait refers to a two-day-long operation conducted by Iraq starting on 2 August 1990, whereby it invaded the neighboring State of Kuwait, consequently resulting in a seven-month-long Iraqi military occupation of the country
  • Period: to

    Persian Gulf War (1990- 1991)

    The Gulf War was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait arising from oil pricing and production disputes
  • • Soviet Union Collapses (1991)

    •	Soviet Union Collapses (1991)
    The dissolution of the Soviet Union was the process of internal disintegration within the Soviet Union, which began with growing unrest in its various constituent republics developing into an incessant .
  • • Rodney King

    •	Rodney King
    Rodney Glen King was an American activist. On March 3, 1991, King was beaten by LAPD officers during his arrest, after a high-speed chase, for driving while intoxicated on I-210. An uninvolved individual, George Holliday, filmed the incident from his nearby balcony and sent the footage to local news station KTLA
  • Period: to

    Bill Clinton (1993-2001)

    William Jefferson Clinton is an American lawyer and politician who served as the 42nd president of the United States from 1993 to 2001. Prior to his presidency, he served as governor of Arkansas and as attorney general of Arkansas.
  • • Contract with America 1994

    •	Contract with America 1994
    The Contract with America was a legislative agenda advocated for by the Republican Party during the 1994 congressional election campaign
  • • O.J. Simpson’s “Trial of the Century”

    •	O.J. Simpson’s “Trial of the Century”
    Opening statements were made on January 24, 1995, and Simpson was acquitted of both counts of murder on October 3 of the same year. The trial is often characterized as the trial of the century because of its international publicity and has been described as the "most publicized" criminal trial in history
  • • Bill Clinton’s Impeachment

    •	Bill Clinton’s Impeachment
    The impeachment of Bill Clinton occurred when Bill Clinton, the 42nd president of the United States, was impeached by the United States House of Representatives of the 105th United States Congress on December 19, 1998 for "high crimes and misdemeanors"
  • Period: to

    • Bill Clinton’s Impeachment

    The impeachment of Bill Clinton occurred when Bill Clinton, the 42nd president of the United States, was impeached by the United States House of Representatives of the 105th United States Congress on December 19, 1998 for "high crimes and misdemeanors"
  • • USA Patriot Act (2001)

    •	USA Patriot Act (2001)
    The USA PATRIOT Act was an Act of the United States Congress, signed into law by President George W. Bush. USA PATRIOT is a backronym for Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism
  • • War on Terror (

    •	War on Terror (
    The War on Terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism and U.S. War on Terror, is an ongoing international military campaign launched by the United States government following the September 11 attacks
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    George W. Bush

    George Walker Bush is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd president of the United States from 2001 to 2009. A member of the Republican Party, Bush previously served as the 46th governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000
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    War in Afghanistan

    The War in Afghanistan is an ongoing war following the United States invasion of Afghanistan that began when the United States of America and its allies successfully drove the Taliban from power in order to deny Al-Qaeda a safe base of operations in Afghanistan
  • • 9/11 (September 11, 2001)

    •	9/11 (September 11, 2001)
    The September 11 attacks, often referred to as 9/11, were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Wahhabi terrorist group Al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001
  • • NASA Mars Rover Mission Begins

    •	NASA Mars Rover Mission Begins
    On July 7, 2003, NASA launched its second Mars Exploration Rover, Opportunity, aboard a Delta II launch vehicle. Opportunity's dash to Mars began with liftoff at 11:18:15 p.m. EDT from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida. ... Spirit worked for six years, and Opportunity is still active.
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    Iraq war

    The Iraq War was a protracted armed conflict that began in 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by a United States-led coalition that overthrew the government of Saddam Hussein. The conflict continued for much of the next decade as an insurgency emerged to oppose the occupying forces and the post-invasion Iraqi government
  • • Facebook Launched

    •	Facebook Launched
    Facebook, Inc., is an American technology conglomerate based in Menlo Park, California. It was founded by Mark Zuckerberg, along with his fellow roommates and students at Harvard College
  • My birthday

    i was born September 2 2004
  • • Hurricane Katrina (

    •	Hurricane Katrina (
    Hurricane Katrina was a large Category 5 Atlantic hurricane that caused over 1,800 deaths and $125 billion in damage in August 2005, particularly in the city of New Orleans and the surrounding areas. It was at the time the costliest tropical cyclone on record and is now tied with 2017's Hurricane Harvey
  • • Saddam Hussein Executed

    •	Saddam Hussein Executed
    Saddam's half brother (an intelligence officer) and Iraq's former chief judge were also sentenced to death. Days after an Iraqi court upheld his sentence in December 2006, Saddam was executed. Saddam Hussein appearing in a Baghdad courtroom, 2004.
  • • Iphone Released

    •	Iphone Released
    The iPhone is the first smartphone designed and marketed by Apple Inc. After years of rumors and speculation, it was officially announced in January 2007, and was released in the United States in June. Development of the iPhone as a product began in 2005 and continued in complete secrecy until its public unveiling
  • • American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

    •	American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009
    The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, nicknamed the Recovery Act, was a stimulus package enacted by the 111th U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama in February 2009
  • • Hilary Clinton Appointed U.S. Secretary of State

    •	Hilary Clinton Appointed U.S. Secretary of State
    Hillary Clinton served as the 67th United States Secretary of State, under President Barack Obama, from 2009 to 2013, overseeing the department that conducted the foreign policy of Barack Obama. She was preceded in office by Condoleezza Rice, and succeeded by John Kerry.
  • • Sonia Sotomayor Appointed to U.S. Supreme Court (

    •	Sonia Sotomayor Appointed to U.S. Supreme Court (
    In 1997, she was nominated by President Bill Clinton to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. ... In May 2009, President Barack Obama nominated Sotomayor to the Supreme Court following the retirement of Justice David Souter. Her nomination was confirmed by the Senate in August 2009 by a vote of 68–31.
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    Barack Obama

    Barack Hussein Obama II is an American politician and attorney who served as the 44th president of the United States from 2009 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, Obama was the first African-American president of the United States
  • • Arab Spring

    •	Arab Spring
    The Arab Spring was a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across much of the Arab world in the early 2010s. It began in response to oppressive regimes and a low standard of living, starting with protests in Tunisia.
  • • Osama Bin Laden Killed

    •	Osama Bin Laden Killed
    Osama bin Laden, who founded al-Qaeda and was the terrorist group's leader when it conducted the deadliest terrorist attack ever on U.S. soil on Sept. 11, 2001, was killed May 1, 2011, by U.S. Navy SEALs at his compound in Pakistan
  • • Space X Falcon 9

    •	Space X Falcon 9
    Falcon 9 is a partially reusable two-stage-to-orbit medium-lift launch vehicle designed and manufactured by SpaceX in the United States. Both the first and second stages are powered by SpaceX Merlin engines, using cryogenic liquid oxygen and rocket-grade kerosene as propellants
  • • Donald Trump Elected President

    •	Donald Trump Elected President
    Donald John Trump is an American media personality and businessman who served as the 45th president of the United States from 2017 to 2021. Born and raised in Queens, New York City, Trump attended Fordham University and the University of Pennsylvania, graduating with a bachelor's degree in 1968.