U.S. History: 1887-2008

Timeline created by marcelafischer
In History
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    Early American History

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    Civil War/Reconstruction

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    The Gilded Age

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    The Progressive Era

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    Imperialism

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    World War I

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    Roaring Twenties

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    Great Depression

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    World War II

  • United Nations formed

    an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.
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    Early Cold War

    Containment-a US policy using strategies to prevent the spread of communism
    Arms Race/Space Race-USSR and US to achieve firsts in spaceflight capability and nuclear arms race
    The USSR-former communist country in eastern Europe and northern Asia; included Russia and 14 other soviet socialist republics
    Communism-a belief that private property should be replaced by community ownership.
    Domino Theory-a political event in one country will cause similar events in neighboring countries
  • Truman Doctrine

    U.S. policy that gave military and economic aid to countries threatened by communism
  • 22nd Amendment

    prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again
  • Berlin Airlift

    the United States begins a massive airlift of food, water, and medicine to the citizens of the besieged city.
  • Marshall Plan

    program to help European countries rebuild after World War II
  • NATO established

    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization,an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 European and North American countries.
  • Korean War

    a war between North Korea and South Korea.
  • Sweatt v. Painter

    Sweatt v. Painter: ruled the separate law school at the University of Texas failed to qualify as “separate but equal”
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    Civil Rights Era

    Great Society:Two main goals were social reforms were the elimination of poverty and racial injustice. Thurgood Marshall: the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. Black Panthers: a militant group within the Black Power Movement. Civil disobedience:active, professed refusal of a citizen to obey certain laws of a government. César Chávez: an American labor leader, community organizer, businessman, and Latino American civil rights activist.
  • Rosenbergs trial

    Julius Rosenberg and Ethel Rosenberg were American citizens who were convicted of spying on behalf of the Soviet Union.
  • First H-Bomb detonated by the United States

    Ivy Mike was the codename given to the first full-scale test of a thermonuclear device, in which part of the explosive yield comes from nuclear fusion.
  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

    overturned Plessy v. Ferguson and mandated desegregation
  • Hernandez v. Texas

    Mexican Americans and all other races provided equal protection under the 14th Amendment
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    Vietnam War

  • Jonas Salk invents the Polio Vaccine

    American medical researcher Dr. Jonas Salk announces on a national radio show that he has successfully tested a vaccine against poliomyelitis, the virus that causes the crippling disease of polio.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott after Rosa Parks’ arrest

    a political and a social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
  • USSR launches Sputnik

    On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched the earth's first artificial satellite, Sputnik I.
  • Little Rock Nine integrated into an all-white school in Little Rock, AK

    The Little Rock Nine were a group of nine black students who enrolled at formerly all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, in September 1957. Their attendance at the school was a test of Brown v. Board of Education
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion in Cuba

    a failed landing operation on the southwestern coast of Cuba in 1961 by Cuban exiles who opposed Fidel Castro's Cuban Revolution
  • Berlin Wall built to prevent people from leaving communist East Berlin

    East German soldiers laid down more than 30 miles of barbed wire barrier through the heart of Berlin. East Berlin citizens were forbidden to pass into West Berlin, and the number of checkpoints in which Westerners could cross the border was drastically reduced.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Leaders of the U.S. and the Soviet Union engaged in a tense, 13-day political and military standoff in October 1962 over the installation of nuclear-armed Soviet missiles on Cuba, just 90 miles from U.S. shores. ... Kennedy also secretly agreed to remove U.S. missiles from Turkey.
  • Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream Speech” at the March on Washington

    a public speech that was delivered by American civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom on August 28, 1963, in which he called for civil and economic rights and an end to racism in the United States.
  • John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, TX

    Shortly after noon on November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated as he rode in a motorcade through Dealey Plaza in downtown Dallas, Texas.
  • 24th Amendment:

    Abolishes the poll tax
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Made discrimination based on race, religion, or national origin in public places illegal and required employers to hire on an equal opportunity basis
  • Medicare and Medicaid established

    Medicaid was signed into law in 1965 alongside Medicare. All states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. territories have Medicaid programs designed to provide health coverage for low-income people.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Eliminated literacy tests for voters
  • Tet Offensive

    A coordinated series of North Vietnamese attacks on more than 100 cities and outposts in South Vietnam. The offensive was an attempt to foment rebellion among the South Vietnamese population and encourage the United States to scale back its involvement in the Vietnam War.
  • Martin Luther King is assassinated

    was assassinated April 4, 1968. King had been checked into the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, TN. He was assassinated on the second balcony of the Lorraine Motel at 6:01 PM, by James Early Ray.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1968

    prohibited discrimination in the sale or rental of housing
  • First Man on the Moon

    Apollo 11 blasted off on July 16, 1969. Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin and Michael Collins were the astronauts on Apollo 11. Four days later, Armstrong and Aldrin landed on the moon.
  • Kent State University shooting

    the May 4 massacre and the Kent State massacre, were the killings of four and wounding of nine other unarmed Kent State University students by the Ohio National Guard on May 4, 1970 in Kent, Ohio
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    End of the Cold War

    OPEC- is an intergovernmental organization of 13 countries. Sandra Day O'Connor-the first woman associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, a position she held from 1981 until her retirement in 2006. Community Reinvestment Act of 1977-a United States federal law designed to encourage commercial banks and savings associations. AIDS-caused by HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), found its way to the United States as early as 1960. Star Wars-Reagan's Defense, lasers to defend.
  • Pentagon Papers leaked

    The Pentagon Papers study was ordered by Robert McNamara, the U.S. The Pentagon papers revealed that 4 successive presidents had essentially lied about America's involvement in Vietnam.
  • 26th Amendment

    moved the voting age from 21 years old to 18 years old.
  • Title IX:

    protects people from discrimination based on gender in education programs
  • Watergate Scandal, which leads to Nixon’s Resignation

    The House Judiciary Committee then approved articles of impeachment against Nixon for obstruction of justice, abuse of power, and contempt of Congress. With his complicity in the cover-up made public and his political support completely eroded, Nixon resigned from office on August 9, 1974.
  • Fall of Saigon, marks the end of the Vietnam War

    On April 30, 1975, North Vietnamese troops entered Saigon as the last Americans evacuated the city. The surrender of South Vietnam ended the decades-long war and signaled the reunification of North and South Vietnam. The country had been divided in 1954.
  • Camp David Accords

    a pair of political agreements signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on 17 September 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David, the country retreat of the President of the United States in Maryland.
  • Iran Hostage Crisis

    On November 4, 1979, a group of Iranian students stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, taking more than 60 American hostages.
  • Three Mile Island Disaster

    This was the most serious accident in U.S. commercial nuclear power plant operating history, although its small radioactive releases had no detectable health effects on plant workers or the public.
  • Iran Contra Affair

    popularized in Iran as the McFarlane affair, the Iran–Contra scandal, or simply Iran–Contra, was a political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration.
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    1990s-21st Century