U.S. History: 1877-2008

  • Period: to

    Early American History

  • Declaration of independance signed

  • Constitution Written

  • Bill of Rights Ratified

  • Period: to

    Civil War/Reconstruction

  • Homestead Act

    provided 160 acres to anyone willing to settle on land in the west.
  • 13th Amendment

    Abolished Slavery
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

  • 15th Amendment

    Voting for All Male Citizens
  • Telephone invented by Alexander Graham Bell

  • Period: to

    The Gilded Age

    -Rockefeller/Carnegie (Captains of Industry vs. Robber Barons)
    -Philanthropy
    -Monopoly
    -Jane Addams
    -Laissez-Faire
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    prohibited immigration of skilled or unskilled Chinese laborers, first US national immigration act
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act

    awarded government jobs based on merit
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    ensure railroad set “reasonable and just” rate and the first time government stepped in to regulate business
  • Dawes Act

    gave individual ownership of land to native americans instead of the tribe owning things collectively
  • Hull House founded, first of many settlement houses

  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    outlawed trusts to promote economic fairness
  • Period: to

    The Progressive Era

    -Muckrakers
    -Initiative, Referendum, Recall
    -The Great Migration
    -NAACP
    -Immigration Issues (Assimilation and Nativism)
  • Klondike Gold Rush (Alaska)

  • Plessy v. Fergusson

    Legalized segregation, established "separate but equal"
  • USS Maine explodes off the coast of Cuba, starting the Spanish American War

  • Hawaii is annexed as a territory of the United States

  • Period: to

    Imperialism

    -Theodore Roosevelt
    -Rough Riders
    -Foreign Policy
    -Immigration Quotas
    -Yellow Journalism
  • Klondike Gold Rush (Alaska)

  • Open Door Policy

    initiated free trade with China
  • Roosevelt Corollary

    an addition to the Monroe Doctrine
  • The Jungle by Upton Sinclair is published

  • Meat Inspection Act

    law that makes it illegal to adulterate or misbrand meat
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    regulation of the preparation of foods and the sale of medicines
  • NAACP Founded

  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Taft’s policy of paying for peace in Latin America
  • 16th Amendment

    established the federal income tax
  • 17th Amendment

    direct election of U.S. Senators
  • Federal Reserve Act

    established the Federal Reserve, which helped stabilize the banking industry
  • Panama Canal Built

    1904-1914
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated, starting World War I

  • Period: to

    World War I

    -Alvin York
    -Homefront
    -M.A.I.N. (Causes of WWI)
    -Sussex Pledge
    -American Expeditionary Forces
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

  • National Parks System created

  • Zimmerman Telegram intercepted by the British, warned the U.S. of a proposed ally between Mexico and Germany

  • The United States enters WWI on the Allied side

  • Bolshevik Revolution in Russia begins, causing Russian troops to exit the war

  • Battle of Argonne Forest, considered the turning point of the war

  • Germany surrenders to the Allied Powers

  • President Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points

    Statement of principles for peace after World War I, included no colonialism, freedom of the seas, and a League of Nations
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Peace treaty that ended World War I, required Germany to accept full blame and pay war reparations as well as demilitarize
  • 18th Amendment

    prohibition is enacted and alcohol is illegal
  • Period: to

    Roaring Twenties

    -Social Darwinism
    -The Red Scare
    -Assembly Line
    -Return to Normalcy
    -Harlem Renaissance
  • 19th Amendment

    women are given the right to vote
  • Teapot Dome Scandal uncovered by the Wall Street Journal

  • American Indian Citizenship Act

    granted citizenship to any Native Americans born within the United States
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

  • Charles Lindbergh makes history by making a nonstop solo flight from New York to Paris

  • Stock Market Crash

  • Period: to

    Great Depression

    -Hoovervilles
    -The New Deal
    -Causes of the Great Depression (5)
    -Court Packing
    -Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Period: to

    Dust Bowl

  • Franklin D. Roosevelt elected

  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) established

  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) established

  • 20th Amendment

    adjusted the dates of the presidential terms
  • 21st Amendment

    repeals the 18th Amendment and prohibition ends
  • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) established

  • Social Security Act

    Established the Social Security Administration, which provides unemployment insurance, aid to the disabled, old age pensions, and insurance for families.
  • Works Progress Administration (WPA) established

  • Social Security Act

    established the Social Security Administration, which provides unemployment insurance, aid to the disabled, old age pensions, and insurance for families
  • Adolf Hitler invades Poland, starting WWII

  • Period: to

    World War II

    -Island Hopping
    -Liberation of Concentration Camps
    -Dwight Eisenhower
    -Douglas MacArthur
    -Chester W. Nimitz
    -Navajo Code Talkers
    -Tuskegee Airmen
    -Flying Tigers
    -The Manhattan Project
    -Rosie the Riveter
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

  • Battle of Midway

  • Bataan Death March

  • Executive Order 9066

    incarceration of Japanese Americans for the duration of WWII
  • “D-Day” - Invasion of Normandy

  • G.I. Bill

    gives military veterans financial and educational benefits
  • United Nations Formed

  • The atomic bomb, “Little Boy” is dropped in Hiroshima, Japan (August 6)

  • The atomic bomb, “Fat Man” is dropped in Nagasaki, Japan, ending World War II (August 9)

  • Period: to

    Early Cold War

    Containment, Arms Race/Space Race, The Union of Soviet Socialist, Republics, Communism, Domino Theory
  • 22nd Amendment

    Prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again.
  • Berlin Airlift

  • NATO Established

  • Period: to

    Civil Rights Era

  • Period: to

    Korean War

  • Rosenburgs Trial

  • First H-Bomb detonated by the United States

  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

  • Jonas Salk invents the Polio Vaccine

  • Interstate Highway Act

    authorized the building of a national highway system
  • USSR launches Sputnik

  • Cuban Missile Crisis

  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Begins undeclared war in Vietnam.
  • Medicare and Medicaid Established

  • Tet Offensive

  • 14th Amendment

    Citizenship and Due Process
  • Tinker v. Des Moines

    Defined the first amendment rights for students in the United States Public Schools.
  • Kent State University shooting

  • Period: to

    End of the Cold War

  • Pentagon Papers Leaked

  • 26th Amendment

    Moved the voting age from 21 years old to 18 years old.
  • War Powers Act

    Law limited the President's right to send troops to battle without Congressional approval.
  • Watergate Scandal, which leads to Nixon’s Resignation

  • Fall of Saigon, marks the end of the Vietnam war

  • Camp David Accords

  • Three Mile Island Disaster

  • Period: to

    Iran Hostage Crisis

  • Period: to

    Iran Contra Affair

  • Period: to

    1990s-21st Century

    -Barack Obama
    -al-Qaeda
    -No Child Left Behind
    -President Clinton’s Impeachment
    -Presidential Election of 2000
  • Period: to

    Persian Gulf War (Operation Desert Storm)

  • Fall of the USSR - Official end of the Cold War

  • NAFTA created free trade between Mexico, the United States, and Canada

  • Attack on World Trade Center and Pentagon

  • USA PATRIOT Act

    tightened the national security, particularly as it was related to foreign terrorism
  • Hurricane Katrina