U.S. History: 1877-2008

Timeline created by Johnathan Mitche
In History
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    Early American History

    By issuing the Declaration of Independence, adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, the 13 American colonies severed their political connections to Great Britain. The Declaration summarized the colonists' motivations for seeking independence.
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    Civil War/Reconstruction

    The election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 caused seven southern states to secede and form the Confederate States of America; four more states soon joined them. The War Between the States, as the Civil War was also known, ended in Confederate surrender in 1865.
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    The Gilded Age (

    Mark Twain called the late 19th century the "Gilded Age." By this, he meant that the period was glittering on the surface but corrupt underneath. ... The late 19th century saw the creation of a modern industrial economy.
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    The Progressive Era

    The Progressive movement was a turn-of-the-century political movement interested in furthering social and political reform, curbing political corruption caused by political machines, and limiting the political influence of large corporations.
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    Imperialism

    Whatever its origins, American imperialism experienced its pinnacle from the late 1800s through the years following World War II. During this “Age of Imperialism,” the United States exerted political, social, and economic control over countries such as the Philippines, Cuba, Germany, Austria, Korea, and Japan.
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    World War I

    The immediate cause of World War I that made the aforementioned items come into play (alliances, imperialism, militarism, nationalism) was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. In June 1914, a Serbian-nationalist terrorist group called the Black Hand sent groups to assassinate the Archduke.
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    Roaring Twenties

    The nation's total wealth more than doubled between 1920 and 1929, and this economic growth swept many Americans into an affluent but unfamiliar “consumer society.”
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    Great Depression

    The Great Depression was the worst economic downturn in the history of the industrialized world, lasting from 1929 to 1939. It began after the stock market crash of October 1929, which sent Wall Street into a panic and wiped out millions of investors.
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    World War II

    World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis.
  • 1945: United Nations formed

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    Early Cold War

    The Cold War was a period of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union and the United States and their respective allies, the Eastern Bloc and the Western Bloc, after World War II. ... As nearly all the colonial states achieved independence in the period 1945–1960, they became Third World battlefields in the Cold War.
    Containment
    • Arms Race/Space Race
    • The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
    • Communism
    • Domino Theory
  • 22nd Amendment

  • Truman Doctrine

    : U.S. policy that gave
    military and economic aid to countries
    threatened by communism
  • Berlin Airlift

  • Marshall Plan

    program to help
    European countries rebuild after World War II
  • NATO established

  • Korean War

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    Civil Rights Era

    "Television News of the Civil Rights Era 1950-1970" is a digital history project produced by Dr. ... The national coverage of the Civil Rights Movement transformed the United States by showing Americans the violence and segregation of African Americans' journey for their civil rights.
  • Rosenbergs trial

  • First H-Bomb detonated by the United States

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    Vietnam War

    March-May 1954: French troops are humiliated in defeat by Viet Minh forces at Dien Bien Phu. The defeat solidifies the end of French rule in Indochina. April 1954: In a speech, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower says the fall of French Indochina to communists could create a “domino” effect in Southeast Asia.
  • Jonas Salk invents the Polio Vaccine

  • USSR launches Sputnik

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    End of the Cold War

    During 1989 and 1990, the Berlin Wall came down, borders opened, and free elections ousted Communist regimes everywhere in eastern Europe. In late 1991 the Soviet Union itself dissolved into its component republics. With stunning speed, the Iron Curtain was lifted and the Cold War came to an end.
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    1990s-21st Century

    Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union ...