Timeline project: Okwunne,Kasey,Haley,Paige

By Okwunne
  • Abolitionism

    A movement to end slavery. In 1780, Pennsylvania passed legislation during the next two decades abolishing slavery.
  • Eli Whitney

    Eli Whitney
    dec 8, 1765- jan 8 1825. He was an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin in 1793. He patented it March 14th 1794.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    The U.S purchased Louisiana territory from France at a price of $15 million or 4 cents an acre. 1803 commissioned by Thomas Jefferson
  • Lewis and Clark

    Lewis and Clark
    first American expedition to cross the western portion of the u.s after the lousiana purchase. They departed from St. Louis on the Mississippi River making their way to the Pacific Coast.
  • Robert E Lee

    Robert E Lee
    Born to Revolutionary War hero Henry "Light-Horse Harry" Lee in Stratford Hall, Virginia, Robert Edward Lee seemed destined for military greatness. From 1852 to 1855, Lee served as superintendent of West Point, and was therefore responsible for educating many of the men who would later serve under him - and those who would oppose him - on the battlefields of the Civil War.
  • Jefferson Davis

    Jefferson Davis
    • 1808 in Christian county, Kentucky
    • President of confederacy &Served as U.S. senate(1861-1865)
    • Also serves secretary of war
    • he resigned from the U.S. Senate
    • in 1861 he struggles to manage the southern war effort
    • imprisoned and charged with treason inn 1865
  • William t Sherman

    William t Sherman
    never commanded in a major Union victory and his military career had repeated ups and downs, but William T. Sherman is the second best known of Northern commanders. He received a brevet for his services in California during the Mexican War but resigned in 1853 as a captain and commissary officer.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    An agreement between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States concerning the extension of slavery into new territories. The Compromise encouraged people in the north to return runaway slaves to their homes and did not prohibit slavery, even in the free territories.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    Policy of the u.s introduced on dec.2 1823. The doctrine stated that further efforts by European nations to colonize the u.s or south America would be viewed as acts of aggression and would require the u.s to interfere.
  • Erie Canal

    Erie Canal
    Proposed in 1808 and completed in 1825. The canal connects the Eerie Lake from the west to the Hudson river in the east. The canal was made to offer a cheap and safe way to carry produce to the market.
  • Nullification crisis

    Nullification crisis
    It arose in the early 1830s when leaders of South Carolina advanced the idea that a state did not have to follow a federal law and could, in effect, "nullify" the law. The idea that "states' rights" superseded federal law was promoted
  • Sitting Bull

    Sitting Bull
    March 1831- December 5 1890
    Chief of the Sioux tribe
    1st war party at 14 and gained reputation for bravery in battle.
    1868 Sioux accepted peace with US gov.
    Sitting Bull responded but could only win battles, not the war.
    Arrested and killed in 1890
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    Elizabeth Cady Stanton
    (November 12, 1815 – October 26, 1902) was the leading figure of the early womens right movement.
  • Nat Turner

    Nat Turner
    (October 2, 1800 – November 11, 1831) an american slave who led a slave rebellion in virginia on August 21, 1831. It ended with 60 white deaths and at least 100 black deaths.
  • William Lloyd Garrison

    William Lloyd Garrison
    (December 10, 1805 – May 24, 1879) An american abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of “The Liberator”- abolitionist newspaper and founder of American anti slavery society. Also a key speaker in womens suffrage movement.
  • Grimke sisters

    Grimke sisters
    They were born in Charleston, South Carolina, USA. Sarah Moore Grimke was born on November 26, 1792 and Angelina Emily Grimke was born on February 20, 1805. Throughout their lives, they traveled throughout the North , lecturing about their first hand experiences with slavery on their family's plantation. Among the American first women to act publicly in social reform movements, they received abuse and ridicule for their abolitionist activity.
  • Rockefeller

    July 8 1839 – May 23 1937
    Richford, New York
    1870 built first oil company called the Standard Oil Company
    Monopoly oil business in US
    Later in life he devoted himself to giving money away
  • Frederick Douglass

    Frederick Douglass
    (Feb 1818- Feb 20 1895) Became an abolitionist after escaping from slavery/ a leader of the abolitionist movement. During this time he wrote several autobiographies. Firm believer in the equality of all people. Speaks at an anitslavery meeting in New Bedford, Massachusetts in 1841.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    19th century u.s held the belief that American settlers were destined to expand across the continent. By 1843 John Quincy Adams, originally a major supporter, had changed his mind and repudiated Manifest Destiny because it meant the expansion of slavery in Texas.
  • Kansas Nebraska Act

    Kansas Nebraska Act
    Created the territories in Kansas and Nebraska opening new lands for settlement
  • Stonewall Jackson

    Stonewall Jackson
    General in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War whose troops at the first Battle of Bull Run stood like a stone wall. Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson was a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and one of the best-known Confederate commanders after General Robert E. Lee.
  • Wilmot Proviso

    Wilmot Proviso
    Amendment to a bill put before the U.S. House of Representatives during the Mexican War; it provided an appropriation of million to enable President Polk to negotiate a territorial settlement with Mexico. David Wilmot introduced an amendment to the bill stipulating that none of the territory acquired in the Mexican War should be open to slavery.
  • Thomas Edison

    Thomas Edison
    February 11 1847 – October 18 1931
    Milan, Ohio
    American Inventor
    Photograph, transmitter for telephone speaker, improved light bulb, motion picture apparatus, etc.
    1870’s Worlds first industrial research laboratory in Newark, New Jersey
  • Seneca Falls

    Seneca Falls
    An early influential womens right convention, the first to be organized by women in the western world. The meeting was for two days, july 19 and 20 1848.
  • Samuel Gompers

    Samuel Gompers
    January 27 1850 – December 13 1924
    American Leader (1850-1924)
    American Labor movement
    1st president of American Federation of Labor
    Influenced many social movements
    Gompers’s Social Conservatism
  • Dred Scott case

    Dred Scott case
    case before the court was that of Dred Scott v. Sanford. Dred Scott, a slave who had lived in the free state of Illinois and the free territory of Wisconsin before moving back to the slave state of Missouri, had appealed to the Supreme Court in hopes of being granted his freedom.
  • Ida Tarbell

    Ida Tarbell
    November 5 1857- January 6 1944
    American teacher and author
    Leading “muchrakers”
    Best known for 19047 book The History of the Standard Oil Company
  • John Brown’s Raid

    John Brown’s Raid
    led a group of 21 men (16 white and 5 black) across the Potomac River from Maryland to Virginia. Their immediate objective was the capture of the cache of weapons stored at the U.S. Arsenal at Harpers Ferry. Brown's ultimate goal was to destroy the slave system of the South
  • President Lincoln

    President Lincoln
    the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    • Charleston Harbor, South Carolina in 1829
    • Famous being the first shots of the Civil War(1861-65)
    • Confederate general P.G.T. Beauregard bombarded Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861
    • resisting several bombardments by Union forces before abandoning the garrison prior to William T. Sherman’s capture of Charleston
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    • The bloody and inconclusive Civil War Battle of Antietam (or Sharpsburg, as it is often called in the South) was fought along its banks on September 17, 1862.
    • First major battle in American history
    • Bloodiest day in American history
    • with 22,717 dead, wounded and missing on both sides combined
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    • January 1, 1863
    • an order issued to all segments of the Executive branch of the United States
    • by president Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War
    • It was based on the president's constitutional authority as commander in chief of the armed forces
    • It proclaimed all those enslaved in Confederate territory to be forever free, and ordered the Army
    • to treat as free all those enslaved in ten states that were still in rebellion, thus applying to 3.1 million of the 4 million slaves
  • Battle of Vicksburg

    Battle of Vicksburg
    • In May and June of 1863
    • On July 4, Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged siege operations
    • Grant's successes in the West boosted his reputation, leading ultimately to his appointment as General-in-Chief of the Union armies
    • Union victory
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    • July 1-3 in 1863
    • General Robert E. Lee concentrated his full strength against Major General George G. Meade’s army of the Potomac at the crossroads county seat of Gettysburg
    • On July 1, Confederate forces converged on the town from west and north, driving Union defenders back through the streets to Cemetery Hill
    • On July 4, Lee began withdrawing his army toward Williamsport on the Potomac River. His train of wounded stretched more than fourteen miles
    • Union victory
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    • Passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864
    • It was the first of the three Reconstruction Amendments adopted after the American Civil War.
    • President Abraham Lincoln and other Republicans were concerned that the Emancipation Proclamation, which in 1863 declared the freedom of slaves in ten Confederate states then in rebellion, would be seen as a temporary war measure, since it was based solely on Lincoln's war powers
  • Battle for Atlants

    Battle for Atlants
    • July 22 in 1864
    • Fulton County, Georgia
    • Atlanta Campaign fought during the American civil war
    • Union forces commanded by William T. Sherman overwhelmed and defeated Confederate forces defending the city under John B. Hood
    • After taking the city, Sherman's troops headed south-southeastward toward Milledgeville, the State capital, and on to Savannah with the March to the Sea
    • Union victory
  • Andrew Johnson

    • In office April 15, 1865 – March 4, 1869
    • the 17th President of the United States
    • As Abraham Lincoln's vice president, Johnson became president when Lincoln was assassinated
    • A Democrat who ran with Lincoln on the National Union ticket, Johnson came to office as the Civil War concluded
    • His plans did not give protection to the former slaves, and he came into conflict with the Republican-dominated Congress, culminating in his impeachment by the House of Representatives
    • The first A
  • 14th Amendmemnt

    • July 9, 1868
    • Its Citizenship Clause provides a broad definition of citizenship, overruling the Supreme Court's decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)
    • Which had held that people of African descent could not be citizens of the United States
    • Its Due Process Clause prohibits state and local governments from depriving persons of life, liberty, or property without certain steps being taken to ensure fairness
    • This clause has been used to make most of the Bill of Rights applicable to th
  • Ulysses Grant

    Ulysses Grant
    the 18th President of the United States following his highly successful role as a war general in the second half of the Civil War.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    • The Fifteenth Amendment (Amendment XV) to the United States Constitution prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude"
    • It was ratified on February 3, 1870, as the third and final of the Reconstruction Amendments
    • The Fifteenth Amendment is the third of the Reconstruction Amendments
    • It prohibits the federal government and the states from using a citizen's race, color, or pre
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    Jim Crow Laws
    Separate but equal in the southern states
    African Americans
    Examples: public laws, public places, public transportation, segregation of restroom’s, restaurants and drinking fountains for whites and blacks. US military also being segregated
  • Compromise of 1877

    • a purported informal, unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election
    • it pulled federal troops out of state politics in the South, and ended the Reconstruction Era
    • The compromise involved Democrats who controlled the House of Representatives allowing the decision of the Electoral Commission to take effect
  • Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882

    Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
    US federal law signed by Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882
    Also revisions made in 1880 to the Burlingame Treaty of 1868
    Those revisions allowed US to suspend Chinese Immigration, a ban that was intended to last 10 years
    The law was repealed by the Magnuson Act on December 17, 1943
  • American Federation of Labor

    American Federation of Labor
    December 8 1886
    Federation of North American labor unions that merged with the Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1955.
  • Wounded Knee

    Wounded Knee
    December 29, 1890
    Wounded knee Creek in South Dakota
    Last battle of American Indian Wars
    Troops went into camp to disarm Lakota and one man named Black Coyote gave up his rifle and that’s what started the gun fires and killed men, women, and children as well as some of their own troops.
    150 men, women and children killed. 51 wounded and died later.25 troops died and 39 wounded.
  • Ellis Island

    Ellis Island
    January 1 1892
    1892-1954 over 12 million immigrants entered the US through Ellis Island
    Small island in New Harbor
    Upper bay just off the New Jersey Coast
    Enlarged from original 3.3 acres to 27.5 acres
    1st Federal immigration station by Pres Benjamin Harrison in 1890
    “Oyster Island”- rich and abundant oyster beds and plentiful and profitable shad runs
    Samuel Ellis private owner in 1770’s

    Federal gov purchased Ellis Island from New York State in 1808
  • Plessy vs Ferguson

    Plessy vs Ferguson
    June 7 1892 when Homer Plessy was jailed
    1896 law passed
    State laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the “separate but equal” doctrine
    Homer Plessy
  • 1894 Pullman Strike

    1894 Pullman Strike
    May 11 1894
    American Railway Union (ARU) and the railroads in the US
    Shut down most of nations freight and passenger traffic west of Detroit, Michigan
    Began in Pullman, Illinois on May 11

    Founded in 1893 by Eugene V. Debs
    ARU organization of unskilled railroad workers
    30 people killed
    Debs sentenced to prison
  • Upton Sinclair's the Jungle

    Upton Sinclair's the Jungle
    February 28, 1906
    Wrote to portray the lives of immigrants in the US
    Depicts poverty, absence of social programs, unpleasant living and working conditions, and hopelessness among the working class
    Known as a muckraker, or journalist who exposed corruption in government and business.
    First published in serial form in 1905 in the socialist newspaper