The Siachen Conflict - in context

By BushraS
  • Partition of the Subcontinent

    As the British leave the Indian subcontinent, India splits into two countries with Muslim majority areas in the north-east and the west declaring independence as East and West Pakistan
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    First India-Pakistan War on Kashmir

    Pakistan and India fight their first war over the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • The Karachi Agreement

    the Karachi AgreementPakistan and India sit down with the United Nations’ Truce Subcommittee and sign the Karachi Agreement agreeing on a Ceasefire Line on the disputed border between two countries which does not extend beyond NJ 9842.
  • The Tashkent Declaration - Second Ceasefire

    After fighting another war over Kashmir in 1965, India and Pakistan sign another ceasefire, known as the Taskent Declaration. This declaration also acknowledges point NJ 9842 as the final point on the Line of Control.
  • The Simla Accord

    After a civil war which results in separation of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), in which India also plays a role, India and Pakistan sign the Simla Accord to diffuse tensions. The Simla Accord also recognises the existing point of reference at NJ 9842, and demarcates it as the final point on Line of Control.
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    Pakistan's exploration of undemarcated area

    Pakistan issues 21 mountaineering expeditions licenses in the area beyong the NJ 9842. Major maps and atlases of the time marked the LoC from NJ 9842 straight to Karakoram Pass on Chinese border, towards north of the glaciers. This, the Indians feel, is blatant cartographic aggression by Pakistan.
  • Pakistan army officer's letter to his Indian counterpart

    In August 1983 the Pakistan commander of the northern region claims in a protest note to Indian army that the 'LoC joins with the Karakoram Pass and the area West of this extended line belongs to Pakistan.' This confirms the Indian army's suspicion that Pakistan wants to claim the Siachen Glacier.
  • Indian Batallion moves into Siachen

    On 13 April 1984, the pristine, virgin peaks on Saltoro range are touched upon by the 300-strong Indian battalion which lands on the two of the highest points, Sia-la, at the height of 18,850 ft and Bilafond-la, at the height of 18,200 ft. One month later Pakistani troops move in to capture the western end of the passes already taken over by India.
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    First attack by Pakistani army on Indian posts

    Pakistan army launched its first attack on Indian-controlled posts in June 1984 but was soundly defeated.
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    Most intense period of fighting

    The period 1986-1989 witnesses the most intense battles between India and Pakistan on Siachen and other glaciers nearby.
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    Seven rounds of biltateral talks on Siachen

    In 12 years, India and Pakistan [hold 7 rounds of bilateral talks ]( discuss the Siachen conflict. Though some negotiations (eg. that of 1989) come close to an agreement, but no resolution is reached.
  • Disengagement Agreement on Chumik Glacier

    From February to May 1989, both sides attempted to occupy highest points in Chumik Glacier area. Finally in May, both countries entered into negotations, resulting in a disengagement agreement on 20 May 1989. According to this agreement both armies started the disengagement process from the Chumik Glacier on 21 May.
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    Three more round of talks between 2004-2006

    Three more rounds of talks are held after the Composite Dialogue Process begins between India and Pakistan in 2004. The talks held on 5-6 Aug 2004, 26-27 May 2005, and 23-24 May 2006 also did not yield any results.
  • Avalanche hits Gayari Battalion Headquarters Pakistan

    139 soldiers and civilians are killed as as avalanche wipes out the Pakistan's Gayari Battalion Headquarters at the Siachen Glacier on 7 April 2012.
  • India and Pakistan hold another round of talks on Siachen

    India and Paksitan hold another round of talks on Siachen in Islamabd on 11-12 June 2012 in the aftermath of an avalanche that killed 139 Pakistani soldiers and civilians in April.