The Romantic Era (1810s-1890)

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    Ludwig van Beethoven

    One of the most influential musicians of 19th century, Everything is his fault. German Composer
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    Franz Schubert

    Austrian composer
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    Hector Berlioz

    French Composer
  • Ballet

    Russia was in the lead. Tchaikovsky wrote Swan Lake, The Sleeping Beauty, and The Nutcracker.
  • Opera

    a dramatic work in one or more acts, set to music for singers and instrumentalists
  • Bel Canto

    Orchestra did not get in way of singer
  • Verismo Opera

    Realism Opera
    ex:Madame Butterfly 1904
  • Maximalism

    Expansion: forms, genres, sizes of orchestras, melodies, thematic development, harmonies
    Music was pushed to the limit without crossing the threshold of atonality or modernism
    Mahler and Richard Strauss
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    Robert Schumann

    German Composer
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    Frederic Chopin

    Polish Composer
  • Giuseppe Verdi

    Giuseppe Verdi
  • Richard Wagner

    Richard Wagner
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    Giuseppe Verdi

    Italian composer best know for his operas.
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    Richard Wagner

    One of the most influential musicians in the 19th century
    Wagner’s musical innovations in harmony and orchestration revolutionized instrumental music and opera
    German(Liepzig)
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    Johannes Brahms

    German Composer
  • Tchaikovsky

    Tchaikovsky
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    Peter Iliych Tchaikovsky

    Composer. Trained in the west. Russian.
  • Giacomo Puccini

    Giacomo Puccini
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    Giacomo Puccini

    Wrote Bel Canto's, Italian Composer. Most important composer after Verdi in Italy. Was a fascist
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    Gustav Mahler

    Conductor and Composer Austro-German
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    American Civil War

    Overall, the 19th century was FULL of wars.
  • Typewriter invented

  • Verdi's Requiem ( Messa da Requiem)

    performed for a famous Italian poet and novelist Verdi met in Milan, Italy (in memory of Manzoni, but originally for Rossini)
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    Bela Bartok

    Wrote books and published tunes etc. Virtuoso Pianist. Helped with Solfege