The Qing Dynasty (1644 -1912)

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  • Manchu

    The Manchu named their dynasty Qing because Qing means pure. They established their captial.
  • Period: to

    Period of ruling

    This was the Early Qing dynasty.
  • Stability

    The Manchu stabilized and were peaceful for a whole century starting here.
  • population

    The population was between 100 million and 150 million in the Manchu ruling area.
  • Period: to


    Kang Xi ruled for the longest of any emporeor.
  • Control

    They did not control the southern parts of the country until this date.
  • Period: to

    2nd Ruler

    Kang Xi's grandson Qian Long ruled in this length of time.
  • Trading

    The Emperor made a law that trade in the West would only be accepted at the port of Guangzhou.
  • British

    The British get into the Chinese court room even though the emperor is very excluding of outside countries. They bring presents to show what the Chinese could have if only the Emperor let them trade with each other.
  • Retiring

    Qian Long retired three years before he died because he did not want to out length his grandfather's reign.
  • Population

    By now the population is about three hundred million.
  • Period: to

    2nd ruling period.

    This is the Late Qing dynasty ruling period.
  • Lin Zexu

    The emperor sent comissioner Lin Zexu to stop trading of drugs in the Guang Zhou port.
  • War

    The British and Chinese were at war over the drug trading. The war ended in 1842 with a Chinese loss.
  • Rebellions

    Rebellions caused a great war that lasted fourteen years.
  • War (again)

    The Chinese have another war over the same matter and this also ends in defeat for them.
  • Controlling China

    Britain, France, Germany, Russia and Japan tried to settle areas that they had trading rights in. The areas they now controlled are called the Spheres of Influence.
  • War with Japan

    China goes into war with Japan over Korea and Japan wins.
  • Moderization

    The emperor tried to install programs like education, government, agriculture and military.
  • Trading rights

    John Hay proposed a policy that would free China and let them trade how ever they want to.
  • Population

    The population has grown to over four hundred million in this dynasty.
  • Decline

    Revolution broke out and the next year the Emporor gave up the throne.