the modern age

  • Period: 1300 to


    It was a transition period between the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Modern Age.
    The Renaissance was the result of the dissemination of the ideas of humanism, which determined a new conception of man and the world. In this new stage, a new way of seeing the world and human beings was proposed, with new approaches in the fields of arts, politics, philosophy and science, replacing medieval theocentrism with anthropocentrism.
  • 1420

    Florence cathedral´s dome, by Brunelleschi

    It is considered one of the most important constructions built in Europe since Roman times, due to the fundamental relevance it has played for the subsequent development of architecture and the modern conception of construction. The dome has a pointed shape and is formed by eight faces or pointed panels, covered with red clay tiles and bordered by eight ribs of white stone.
  • 1500

    Pieta, by Michelangelo Buonarroti

    The cardinal ordered Michelangelo to sculpt a clothed Virgin Mary, with the dead Christ in her arms. The cardinal is said to have died on the same day the artwork was installed in the Church of Saint Petronilla. It is located in the Basilica of Saint Peter
  • 1509

    The school of Athens, by Raphael SANZIO

    Represents all the greatest mathematicians, philosophers and scientists from classical antiquity gathered together sharing their ideas and learning from each other. . The primary purpose of the painting was to decorate the personal library of the Pope. But it was also intended to praise the Church, at a time when it was losing legitimacy.
  • Period: 1516 to 1556

    Reign of Carlos I

    The crown of Castile expanded its territories over a large part of America: Hernán Cortés conquered the Mexica Empire in 1521, which would give rise to the Kingdom of New Spain. Nuño de Guzmán conquered the Tarascan Empire and the lordships that would form the Kingdom of Nueva Galicia, in the mid-16th century.
  • Period: 1520 to 1521

    Revolt of the Comuneros in Castilla

    The War of the Communities of Castile was the armed uprising of the comuneros. The uprising occurred at a time of political instability of the Crown of Castile. Carlos I arrived at the Cortes of Valladolid in 1518 without knowing how to speak hardly any Spanish and bringing with him a large number of Flemish nobles and clerics such as Corte, which produced misgivings among the Castilian social elites, who felt that his advent would lead to a loss of power and social status.
  • 1555

    Peace of Augsburg

    Was the religious resolution to a conflict started in 1517 by Martin Luther's 95 Theses. Though it didn't allow for full religious tolerance within the Holy Roman Empire, it did give the Lutherans equal rights with Catholics. It was a treaty between Charles V and the forces of Lutheran princes.
  • Period: 1556 to

    Reign of Felipe II

    It conferred on Spain the title of the greatest European power and, possibly, the most powerful country of its time. It was this monarch who established the capital in Madrid in 1560. Philip II's greatest successes during his reign included the victory of Lepanto and the annexation of Portugal, while his failures, highlighting the Flanders crisis and the rebellion. of the Moors in the Alpujarras.
  • Period: 1566 to

    Eighty years war

    Was the revolt of the Netherlands against Spanish domination. In this long conflict, the Netherlands sought to free themselves both economically and politically from Spain. The war was interrupt by the thirty years war in which the Netherlands won and Spain had to admit they independence.
  • Period: 1568 to 1571

    Rebellion of the Alpujarras

    The abundant Moorish population of the Kingdom of Granada took up arms in protest against the Pragmatic Sanction of 1567, which limited their cultural freedoms. When the royal power managed to defeat the rebels, it was decided to deport the surviving Moors to various points in the rest of the Crown of Castile.
  • 1579

    Signment of the Union of Utrecht

    Was a treaty signed on 23 January 1579 in Utrecht, Netherlands, unifying the northern provinces of the Netherlands, until then under the control of Habsburg Spain.
  • 1579

    Signment of the Union of Arras

    Was an alliance between the County of Artois, the County of Hainaut and the city of Douai in the Habsburg Netherlands in early 1579 during the Eighty Years' War. The Union of Arras, joining the southern provinces, based itself on a Catholic reading of the pacification and tended toward reconciliation with Spain.
  • The defeat of the Spanish aramada by England

    The king Philip II send a lot of warships for try to conquerd England, but the climate stop the boats and destroys all the armie.
  • Period: to

    Baroque art

    The Baroque was a period of history in Western culture originated by a new way of conceiving art and which, starting from different historical-cultural contexts, produced works in numerous artistic fields: literature, architecture, sculpture, painting, music, opera , dance, theater, etc. It manifested itself mainly in Western Europe, although due to colonialism it also occurred in numerous colonies of European powers. It covered the entire 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century.
  • Apollo and Daphne, by Bernini

    It is a baroque art sculpture that represents the myth of Apollo and Daphne. It captures Daphne's transformation with intense emotion, portraying the different stages of her changes.
  • Saint Peter´s square project by Bernini

    Is a large plaza located directly in front of St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City, the papal enclave in Rome, directly west of the neighborhood of Borgo. Both the square and the basilica are named after Saint Peter, an apostle of Jesus whom Catholics consider to be the first Pope.
  • The Spinners, by Velazquez

    It is a work of art that represents the fable of arachne. This work is one of the greatest exponents of Spanish Baroque painting.
  • Period: to

    Neoclassical art

    Aesthetic movement that came to reflect in the arts the intellectual principles of the Enlightenment, which had been taking place in philosophy since the mid-18th century and had consequently been transmitted to all areas of culture. Although, coinciding with the decline of Napoleon Bonaparte, Neoclassicism was losing followers in favor of Romanticism.
  • Oath of the Horatii, by Jacques-Louis

    Is a work by Jacques-Louis David made in 1784, before the French Revolution.
    The theme of the work is the fulfillment of duty above any personal feeling.1 It represents the Roman Horatii who, according to the Horace of Pierre Corneille and Titus Livy in Ab Urbe condita libri, were male triplets destined for the war against the Curiacios, also male triplets, to resolve the dispute between the Romans and the city of Alba Longa.
  • Carlos IV of Spain and his family, by Francisco de Goya

    Since 1789 Goya was chamber painter at the court of King Charles IV. In that condition, and even before portrait of Charles III in court dress. In the spring of 1800, few Months after being appointed first chamber painter, he received the commission to execute a large portrait of the entire royal family. Thanks to the letters from Queen María Luisa of Parma to Manuel Godoy, the process of creation and composition of the painting can be known step by step.
  • Period: to