The Devolpment of Labor Unions

  • The National Trades Union

    The National Trades Union
    The first national union.
  • Commonwealth v. Hunt

    Commonwealth v. Hunt
    A Massachusetts court ruled that unions were legal.
  • American Fedration of Labor

    Founded by Samuel Gompers, organized skilled workers by crafts. They fought for higher wages, shorter hours, and improved working conditions through collective barganining.
  • The Homestead Strike

    The Homestead Strike
    Steel workers in Homestead, Pennsylvania struck againist the Carnegie Steel Plant because the company had reduced wagees. The Homestead strike of 1892 became very violent when thw steel company hired the priavte police to protect strike breakers. In ensuing confrontation , nine strikers and seven police offcers were killed.
  • Pullman Company

    Workers at the Pullman Company,which manufactured sleeping and dining cars, went on strike because their wageshad been cut. Acting out of sympathy for Pullman workers, conductors and engineers of the American Railway Union refused to handle trains with Pullman cars attached.A federal judge ordered the strikers back to work,and when they refused,President Grover Cleveland sent federal troops.The ensuing violence turned public opinion againist the strikers,and their president,Eugene Debs,was jaile
  • The International Workers of the World

    The International Workers of the World
    (Wobblies), which was organized in 1905 for inskilled workers and immigrants, advocated one large national union that would use strikes and sabotage to achieve its goals as opposed to the more peaceful American Fedration of Labor.
  • Clayton Act

    Clayton Act
    Allowed picketing and limited the se of injunctions in labor disputes.
  • National Labor Relations Act

    National Labor Relations Act
    (Wanger Act) protected the rights of workers to organize and elect representatives for collective bargaining. Also in this year, the CIO, Congress of Industrial Organization, was formed by several AFL unions to promote unionism in industry.
  • Fair Labor Standards Act

    Established a minimum wage (twenty-five cents an hour) and time and a half for over forty hours of work a week.
  • AFL and CIO

    AFL and CIO
    They merged.