The Development of Liberalism

  • 510

    Ancient Greek Democracy

    • Athens was the cradle of Democracy
    • In 510 BC, Cleisthenes introduced reforms which made democracy exist as a system of government for the 1st time -Archon and eight assistants were elected anually.
  • Period: 510 to

    Development of LIberalism Timespan

  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta

    • Was an English Charter issued in 1215, and reissued in the 13th Century
    • Required the King to proclaim certain liberties; admit that his will was not arbitrary.
    • All clauses were replaced by the 19th Century
  • Jan 1, 1400


    • beginning in Florence and spreading to Europe
    • gradual but widespread educational reform
    • best known for its artistic developments
    • encompassed a resurgence of learning based on classical sources
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Haudenosaunee Confederacy

    • the exact date of the joining of the nations in unknown
    • is said to be the oldest participatory democracy in the world
    • was a Native American/First Nation confederacy
    • provided peace and freedom; free of oppression and definition of class
  • Oct 31, 1517


    • also known as the Protestant Revolt; established Protestantism
    • was led by Martin Luther and John Calvin; ends with the Treaty of Westphalia
    • free will was the abiding reason for the movement
  • American Revolution

    • 13 colonies joined together to break free from the British Empire
    • war ended with American victory in October 1781
    • was the result of a series of social, political, and intellectual transformations in early American society and government
    • collectively referred to as American Enlightenment
  • French Revolution

    • began with the convocation of the Estates-General in May
    • Third Estate proclaiming Tennis Court Oath
    • attack on Bastille in July; Declaration of Rights of Man and CItizen in August
  • The Enlightenment

    • also known as the Age of Reason; a movment cultivated in the Atlantic Revolutions
    • not a single movement of thought; philosophies were often mutually contradictory or divergent
  • Industrial Revolution

    • major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation and technology had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions
    • almost every aspect of life was affected
    • average income and population grew exponentially -mechanism of factories; manual labour was drastically decreased.