The Development of Labor Unions

  • The National Trades Union

    The National Trades Union
    The First National Union
  • Commonwealth v. Hunt

    Commonwealth v. Hunt
    A Massachusetts court ruled that unions were legal
  • Knights of Labor

    Knights of Labor
    Founded by Uriah Stephens, a Philadelphia Tailor. By 1879, its membership of nine thousand included women.
  • American Federation of Labor

    American Federation of Labor
    Founded by Samuel Gompers, organized skilled workers by crafts. they fought for higher wages,shorter wages, and improved working conditions through collective bargaining.
  • Haymarket Riots

    Haymarket Riots
    in chicago striking mccormick harvester worker clashed with police, four strikers were killed
  • United Mine Workers

    United Mine Workers
    Founded to improve wages and working conditions of coal mine workers
  • The Homestead Strike

    The Homestead Strike
    Became Violent when the steel company hired private police to protect strike breakers. in the ensuing confrontation, nine strikers and seven police officers were killed.
  • American Railway Union

    American Railway Union
    founded by the railroad fireman Eugene v. Debs
  • Pullman Company

    Pullman Company
    manufactured sleeping and dining cars, went on strike because their wages had been cut.
  • The International Workers of the World

    workers and immigrants advocated one large national union that would use strikes and sabotage to achieve its goals as opposed to the more peaceful american federation of labor
  • Clayton Act

    allowed picketing and limited the use of injunctions in labor disputes
  • Clayton Act

    Clayton Act
    allowed picketing and limited the use of injunctions in labor disputes
  • The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters

    Created by Philip Randolph
  • National Labor Relations Act

    protected the rights of workers to organize and elect representatives for collective bargaining. Also in this year the CIO, Congress of Industrial Organization, was formed by sereval AFL unions to promote unionism in industry.
  • Fair Labor Standards Act

    established a minimum wage (twenty-five cents an hour) and time and a half for over forty hours of work a week.
  • Fair Labor Act

    Prohibited Child Labor
  • AFL and CIO

  • Air Traffic Controllers

    Ronald Reagan fired 11,500 of these for striking in violation of a no-strike clause in their contract